Midterm Study Guide
Terms in this set (21)
The land between two rivers - the Tigris and the Euphrates.
A crescent-shaped region in Asia that began at the Mediterranean Sea, stretched between Tigris and Euphrates rivers, and ended at the Persian Gulf.
King of Babylon; conquered Akkad and Sumer and created the Babylonian Empire, 1800 B.C. Developed one of the earliest codes of written law - Code of Hammurabi.
One of the ancient civilizations that grew up along the Mediterranean Sea. Invented the first phonetic alphabet. Had a very strong navy.
Mountain range in southern Iran, northern Iraq. Offered protection to civilization in Ancient Mesopotamia.
The main character in one of the first epic stories ever written - dates to Ancient Mesopotamia. Story shared by Babylonians and Assyrians.
A company of merchants or pilgrims traveling together across a desert in Asia and Northern Africa.
A form of writing that used groups of wedges and lines; used to write several languages of Mesopotamia.
An engraved, stone cylinder, whose design serves as a person's signature when pressed into soft clay tablet.
An independent state made up of a city and territory around it.
A traditional story accepted as history; serves to explain the world view of a people.
The process of bringing water from one place to another, via ditches, to supply dry land with water.
The belief and worship of many gods
Writers and Record keepers - trained many years, part of Mesopotamia's middle class
One of the rivers (northern) that forms the Fertile Crescent area of Mesopotamia
One of the rivers (southern) that forms the Fertile Crescent area of Mesopotamia
A simple machine with a round frame that turns around a central rod called an axle - invented in Mesopotamia
A society in an advanced state of social development with established religion and political and economic system.
Iraq, Iran, Syria
Modern day countries located where Mesopotamian region existed.
Temple - stepped pyramid
Alphabet whose charachters reflect the sound they make
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