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a ruler or person who has complete power and uses it in cruel or unjust ways


form of government in which a few people have the power


a form of government in which citizens govern themselves


in ancient Sparta, this was the term for the slaves that were owned by the state


abolished debt slavery and freed slaves. limited land allowed to be owned and extended citizenship. stopped the sale of grain. citizens gained more power


Seized power from Solon and exiled nobles who disagreed with him. He also distributed those nobles' land to poor farmers in need.


An aristocrat, created a council of 500 and helped from Athenian democracy

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