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Terms in this set (27)
Asian sea trading network
Is divided into 3 main zones: west was an arab zone on glass, carpet, & tapestry making; the central was india with cotton textiles; and in the east was china with paper,production, porcelain, & silk textiles.
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located on the Western Indian Coast; site for forcible entry into the Asian sea trade network.
Portuguese factory or fortified trade town located at southern end of the Persian Gulf; site for forcible entry into Asian sea trading network
Port city in the modern Southeast Asian country of Malaysia, founded about 1400 as a trading center on the Strait of Malacca. Also spelled Melaka. It was seized by the portuguese to use for naval bases.
Fort established ca. 1620 as headquarters of Dutch East India Company operations in Indonesia at the island of Java. It reflected the dutch decision to concentrate on the monopoly control of certain spices rather than on asian trade.
Treaty of Gijanti(1757)
Reduced the remaining independent Javanese princes to vassals of the Dutch East India Company; allowed the Dutch to monopolize Java's coffee production.
Northern island of Philippines; easily conquered by Spain during the 1560s because its inhabitants lived in small states; site of major Catholic missionary effort.
Southern island of the Philippines; a Muslim Kindom that was able to successfully resist Spanish conquest. Dramatically underscores the limits of the europeans ability to project their power in land in this era.
led Jesuit missionaries to Asia where by 1550 thousands of natives had been converted to Christianity in India, Indonesia, and Japan
Robert Di Nobli
Italian Jesuit missionary; worked in India during the early 1600s; introduced strategy to convert elites first; strategy later widely adopted by Jesuits in various parts of Asia; mission eventually failed.
First Ming emperor in 1368; originally of peasant lineage; original name Zhu Yuanzhang; drove out Mongol influence; restored position of scholar-gentry
Macao and Canton
The only two ports in Ming China where Europeans were allowed to trade.
The Water Margin, Monkey, and The Golden Lotus
written during the Ming period in China; recognized as classics in their own time;
Chinese Muslim admiral who commanded a series of expeditions to the Indian ocean, Persian Gulf, and Red Sea between 1405 and 1433.
Matteo Ricci and Adam Schall
Jesuit scholars at the Ming court; also skilled scientists; won few converts to Christianity.
1. Last Ming Emperor
2. Rather than be capture or killed by enemy hands he
a. Hangs himself
b. gets his wife and ladies in waiting to commit suicide
c. Attacks daughters and concubine
d. Gets sons to escape in disguise
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
(1534-1582) Japenese daimyo; first to make extensive use of firearms; in 1573 deposed last of Ashikaga shoguns; unified much of central Honshu under his command
Greatest of Japan's founding fathers, given credit for uniting Japan
the capital and largest city of Japan
Island in Nagasaki Bay; only port open to non-Japanese after closure of the islands in the 1640s; only Chinese and Dutch ships were permitted to enter.
School of National Learning
new ideology that laid emphasis on Japan's unique historical experience and the revival of indigenous culture at the expense of Chinese imports such as Confucianism; typical of Japan in 18th century.
Slender, long-hulled vessels utilized by Portuguese; highly maneuverable and able to sail against the wind; key to development of Portuguese trade empire in Asia.
an economic policy under which nations sought to increase their wealth and power by obtaining large amounts of gold and silver and by selling more goods than they bought
Portuguese trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants; utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce.
Dutch Trading Empire
The Dutch system extending into Asia with fortified towns and factories, warships on patrol, and monopoly control of a limited number of products.
people who belonged to religious orders but lived and worked among the general public
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