33 terms

Drawing I- Quiz1 - drawing terms

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Terms in this set (...)

format
the given space in which a work of art is composed; the relative length and width of the edges of a drawing surface, in part controls the composition
picture plane
the flat plane occupied by the surface of a drawing or any other 2-dimensional work of art
media
the plural form of medium, material or technique used by an artist to produce a work of art
gesture drawing
a rapid and generalized drawing that captures the gesture, energy, and movement of the subject, not concerned with detail but helps gain experience in making quick observations of overall object or figure placement and proportion
eye- hand coordination
movement of the hand as directed by the eye and brain; ability to draw what you see
general to specific
method of working when developing both 2D and 3D compositions, artist first develop or blocks in the largest/simplest shapes and forms, gradually progressing toward greater detail
sighting
measuring the relative sizes by means of a constant measure helps to determine angles relative to the constants vertical and horizontal
ONE
The consistent unit of measure used in accurately defining the proportion and scale of objects
viewfinder
a framed opening though which you can see a selected part of the visual info in front of you
volume
3 dimensional quality inherent in every form
plane
any flat level surface
contour line drawing
highly descriptive way of capturing the extreme edges of a shape, form, or object
weighted line drawing
change in line value created by intentional varied pressure to create volume in a line drawing, thick and thin and back again
cross contour
multiple, curving parallel lines running over the surface of an object horizontally and/or vertically that describe its surface qualities
negative space
area surrounding the shape of an object that is the subject of a drawing
positive space
shape of an object that serves as the subject of a drawing
figure/ground
relationship between positive and negative space
hatching
massed strokes that are parallel to each other used to produce optical gray tones
cross hatching
drawing technique to shade an object using 2 or more networks of parallel lines in gradual angular progression to achieve a build up of complex value
representational image
image that attempts to achieve a near-likeness to the objects/forms being drawn; art which strive for realism
abstract image
image based in reality, however objects/forms are simplified and/or distorted yet reconizable
nonobjective image
image that makes no attempt to reproduce real/life objects or illusion of reality, focuses of purely "formal" aspects of design concentrating of the principles/elements of design
closed composition
composition where all forms are contained within edges of the picture plane
open composition
composition where all forms are unlimited by the edges and boundaries of the picture place and go off the edges
fixed POV
exact position of the viewer's eyes in relation to the subject matter
eye level
the height at which your eyes are located in relation to the ground place
value
relative degree between light and dark
perspective
technique that created the illusion of 3D on a 2D surface, helps create a sense of depth and receding space
horizon line
line on which all vanishing points are positioned in linear perspective
vanishing points
where 2 or more parallel receding lines appear to converge, always located on the eye level or horizon line
aerial perspective
means by which the illusion of atmospheric distance and depth is created by rendering objects in background space with less edge and value contrast
cone of vision
visual area represented by the drawing usually corresponding to a normal person's vision, minus the peripheral vision, angle of sight
foreshortening
technique for producing the illusion of an object's extension into space by contracting its form, way of representing a subject/ object so it conveys the illusion of depth