Like this study set? Create a free account to save it.

Sign up for an account

Already have a Quizlet account? .

Create an account

Terms from Chapter 4 of "A Survey of the New Testament" by Gundry. The Canon and Text of the New Testament

measuring reed

What did the term "cannon" originally mean?


The term "cannon" developed the metaphorical meaning...


homolegoumena is Greek for....?


antilegomena is Greek for....?

Precanonical Perid

The time when Christians did not have any of the books contained in the New Testament, and thus depended on the Old Testament, oral traditions about Jesus, and messages from prophets


an early Gnostic heretic who taught that a harsh God of the Old Testament and Judaism and a loving God oppose each other; that Jesus came as a messenger of the loving God; that Jesus was killed at the instigation of the harsh God; that Jesus entrusted to the 12 apostles his message from the loving God; that the failed to keep it from corruption; and that Paul turned into the sole preacher of the uncorrupted message.

Luke and most of Paul's Letters

What books did Marcion select as free from and contrary to the Old Testament and Judaism?

subapostolic writings

books written in the period immediately following that of Jesus' twelve apostles by the "apostolic fathers," who themselves did not belong to the 12 but who succeeded them in leadership in the church

New Testament apocrypha

fanciful and sometimes heretical books not accepted as canonical by any major branch of the Christian church


authorship by an apostle or by an apostolic associate and thus also a date of writing within the apostolic period


supplied the writing material for most, and perhaps all, books of the New Testament


most and perhaps all New Testament authors used....


Although most and perhaps all New Testament authors used scrolls, a few may have used codices (plural for ______)


book with pages bound together in modern style


For copies of the New Testament, the ______ quickly gained popularity among Christians


the original documents


treated calfskin


treated sheepskin

textual criticism

the exercise of determining the original wording of the New Testament

F.J. A. Hort

an Irish theologian and editor, with Brooke Westcott of a critical edition of The New Testament in the Original Greek

William Tyndale

was the first to translate considerable parts of the Bible from the original languages (Greek and Hebrew) into English

John Wycliffe

completed his translation directly from the Vulgate into vernacular English in the year 1382, now known as Wycliffe's Bible. It is probable that he personally translated the Gospels of Matthew, Mark, Luke, and John; and it is possible he translated the entire New Testament, while his associates translated the Old Testament.

Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.

Having trouble? Click here for help.

We can’t access your microphone!

Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again


Reload the page to try again!


Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom

Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom

It looks like your browser might be zoomed in or out. Your browser needs to be zoomed to a normal size to record audio.

Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.

For more help, see our troubleshooting page.

Your microphone is muted

For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.

Star this term

You can study starred terms together

Voice Recording