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88 terms

Unit 21

STUDY
PLAY
albin/o
a person with congenital albinism: white hair and milky skin
bi/o
life
derm/o, derma/o
skin
erythr/o
red
hidr/o
sweat
kerat/o
cornea
lip/o
fat
melan/o
black
myc/o
fungus
onych/o
nail
pedicul/o
lice
seb/o
sebum
xer/o
dry
abrasion
the wearing down of rock particles by friction due to water or wind or ice
actinic keratosis
an overgrowth of skin layers resulting from extended exposure to the sun
albinism
the congenital absence of pigmentation in the eyes and skin and hair
alopecia
loss of hair (especially on the head) or loss of wool or feathers
anhidrosis
failure of the sweat glands
blepharoplasty
surgical repair of the eyelid
bulla
the round leaden seal affixed to a papal bull, (pathology) an elevation of the skin filled with serous fluid
carbuncle
an infection larger than a boil and with several openings for discharge of pus
cauterization
the act of coagulating blood and destroying tissue with a hot iron or caustic agent or by freezing
cellulitis
an inflammation of body tissue (especially that below the skin) characterized by fever and swelling and redness and pain
chloasma
a tan discoloration of a woman's face that is associated with pregnancy or with the use of oral contraceptives
cicatrix
a mark left (usually on the skin) by the healing of injured tissue
comedo
a black-tipped plug clogging a pore of the skin
contusion
an injury that doesn't break the skin but results in some discoloration
debridement
surgical removal of foreign material and dead tissue from a wound in order to prevent infection and promote healing
decubitus ucler
pressure sore, or bed sore, caused by prolonged pressure on an area of the body that interferes with circulation
dermabrasion
removal of scars or tattoos by anesthetizing the skin surface and then sanding or wire-brushing off some of the outer skin layer
dermatitis
inflammation of the skin
dermatomycosis
fungal infection of the skin (especially of moist parts covered by clothing)
dermatoplasty
surgical repair of skin
diaphoresis
the process of the sweat glands of the skin secreting a salty fluid
dyschromia
is any disorder of the pigmentation of the skin or hair
dysplastic nevi
atypical moles that can develop into skin cancer
ecchymosis
the escape of blood from ruptured blood vessels into the surrounding tissue to form a purple or black-and-blue spot on the skin
eczema
generic term for inflammatory conditions of the skin
epithelioma
a malignant tumor of the epithelial tissue
erythema
abnormal redness of the skin resulting from dilation of blood vessels (as in sunburn or inflammation)
exfoliative cytology
scraping cells from tissue and then examining them under a microscope
furuncle
a painful sore with a hard pus-filled core
gangrene
the localized death of living cells (as from infection or the interruption of blood supply)
granuloma
a tumor composed of granulation tissue resulting from injury or inflammation or infection
hemangioma
benign angioma consisting of a mass of blood vessels
hirsutism
excessive hairiness
hyperhidrosis
excessive and profuse perspiration
impetigo
a very contagious infection of the skin
keloid
raised pinkish scar tissue at the site of an injury
keratosis
a skin condition marked by an overgrowth of layers of horny skin
koilonychia
a malformation of the nails in which the outer surface is concave or scooped out like the bowl of a spoon
lipectomy
plastic surgery involving the breakdown and suction of fatty tissue
lipedema
a chronic abnormal condition that is characterized by the accumulation of fat and fluid in the tissues just under the skin of the hips and legs
lipocytes
fat cells
lipoma
a tumor consisting of fatty tissue
liposuction
surgical removal of fat beneath the skin with the aid of suction
lupus erthematosus
rash on face
macule
a patch of skin that is discolored but not usually elevated
melanoma
any of several malignant neoplasms (usually of the skin) consisting of melanocytes
miliaria
obstruction of the sweat ducts during high heat and humidity
onychia
inflammation of the fingernail or toenail
onychocryptosis
ingrown nail
onychomycosis
fungal infection of a nail
papilloma
a benign epithelial tumor forming a rounded mass
papule
a small inflamed elevation of skin that is nonsuppurative (as in chicken pox)
paronychia
low-growing annual or perennial herbs or woody plants
pediculosis
infestation with lice (Pediculus humanus) resulting in severe itching
petechiae
Small, pinpoint hemorrhages
pruritus
an intense itching sensation that can have various causes (as by allergies or infection or lymphoma or jaundice etc.)
psoriasis
a chronic skin disease characterized by dry red patches covered with scales
pupura
purple
purulent
having undergone infection
putrefaction
(biology) decaying caused by bacterial or fungal action
rhinophyma
enlargement of the nose with dilation of follicles and redness and prominent vascularity of the skin
rhytidectomy
plastic surgery to remove wrinkles and other signs of aging from your face
rosacea
a skin disease of adults (more often women) in which blood vessels of the face enlarge resulting in a flushed appearance
scabies
a contagious skin infection caused by the itch mite
scleroderma
genus of poisonous fungi having hard-skinned fruiting bodies: false truffles
seborrhea
a condition in which overactivity of the sebaceous glands causes the skin to become oily
seborrheic keratosis
a skin condition characterized by circumscribed wartlike lesions that can be itchy and covered with a greasy crust
subungual hematoma
blood trapped under a finger or toenail
tinea
infections of the skin or nails caused by fungi and appearing as itching circular patches
urticaria
an itchy skin eruption characterized by weals with pale interiors and well-defined red margins
verrucae
small, hard skin lesions caused by the human papilloma virus; warts
vesicle
a small anatomically normal sac or bladderlike structure (especially one containing fluid)
vitiligo
an acquired skin disease characterized by patches of unpigmented skin (often surrounded by a heavily pigmented border)
wheal
a raised mark on the skin (as produced by the blow of a whip)
xeroderma
a mild form of ichthyosis characterized by abnormal dryness and roughness of the skin