Terms in this set (36)
What are the four environmental factors that influence food choices?
How can peers influence your food choices
Getting you to try new things
What may be the top priority influencing your food choices?
Taste. No one wants to eat anything that tastes bad
Healthful eating provides you with the nutrients you need for what four things?
Grow and develop
Look/feel your best
What are life-threatening conditions are reduced when making healthful food choices?
Heart disease, stroke, certain cancers, osteoporosis
Identify 3 recommendations to manage your eating habits
Don't let others influence your food decisions
Pay attention to quantity
Don't make food the focus of social events
Your body converts all carbohydrates to what?
What happens if a person consumes more carbs than necessary?
Carbs are converted to fat and stored in the body
This usually does not supply the body with any nutrients or fibers?
Why are complex carbohydrates considered the healthier choice?
It takes the body longer to break them down, therefore providing longer lasting energy
What are the carbohydrate functions?
Vital part of digestive process and metabolism and oxidation of protein and fat
Provide body with energy
Helps digest fats efficiently
Allows body to use protein for growth and maintenance instead of energy
What are some carbohydrate sources?
Simple carbs, starch, vegetables, fruit, sugars
Define saturated fatty acids
Has as many hydrogen atoms as they can hold
Solid at room temperature
Define unsaturated acids
Fewer hydrogen atoms that they can hold
Liquid at room temperature
What are the functions of cholesterol?
Transport fatty acids
What is blood cholesterol?
Cholesterol created by the body
What is dietary cholesterol?
Cholesterol in your food
Identify the functions of fat
How many amino acids does the body need?
What are essential amino acids?
Amino acids not created by the body
How many essential amino acids are there?
What are nonessential amino acids?
Amino acids made by the body
How many nonessential amino acids are there?
Define complete proteins
Contain adequate amounts of all essential amino acids
Define incomplete protiens
Lack 1 or more essential amino acids
Identify functions of protein
Build new tissues
Replace damaged or worn cells
What are water-soluble vitamins?
Dissolve in water
Not stored in body
Must be replenished regularly
Pass easily into blood during digestion
What are fat-soluble vitamins?
Absorbed, stored, and transported in fat
Stored in fatty tissues, liver, kidneys
Excess can be toxic
How do food labels list food ingredients?
By weight in descending order
How can food labels be confusing when they contain several similar ingredients?
Similar ingredients are sometimes grouped together so it appears as if there isn't as much of those ingredients
Essentially calorie free sweetener
Fat replacer that cannot be digested
Identify the 6 nutrient content claims
List common allergic reaction characteristics
What are some common symptoms of food borne illness?
Identify the 4 food safety recommendations
Clean, desperate, cook, chill