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31 terms

AP Biology Chapter 27

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What is a sphere shaped Bacteria called
cocci
what is a rod shaped bacteria called
bacilli
what is a spiral shaped bacteria called
spirilla
what is a group of cocci called
staphylococcus
what is a line of cocci called
streptococcus
what is an elongated sphere called
cocobacillus
what is a line of rods called
streptobacilli
what is a group of rods called
parlisades
which kingdom contains peptidoglycan in its walls
eubacteria
which kingdom does not contain peptidoglycan in its walls
archaebacteria
which kingdom lives in extreme environments
archaebacteria
what can be used to identify a bacteria as gram + or gram -
gram staining
what color is a gram + stain?
purple
what color is a gram - stain?
red
what is a whip like structure used for motility called
flagella
prokaryotes lack a _______
nucleus
prokaryotes have p______
plasmids
which are smaller? prokaryotes or eukaryotes?
prokaryotes
What metabolic diversity uses light energy and carbon dioxide to make organic compounds
photoautotrophs
what metabolic diversity uses inorganic chemicals and carbon dioxide to make energy?
chemoautotrophs
what metabolic diversity uses light energy and organic compounds to make energy
photoheterotrophs
what metabolic diversity uses only inorganic compounds
chemoheterotrophs
cyano bacteria is an example of
photoautotrophs
nitrogen fixating bacteria is an example of
chemoautotrophs
parasitic prokaryotes are an example of
chemoheterotrophs
what decomposes and absorbs nutrients from dead and decaying matter
saprobes
what feeds on a living host
parasites
what is the process called that converts nitrogen into ammonium
nitrogen fixation
what oxidizes carbon dioxide and produces methane?
methanogens
True or false. Prokaryotes are symbiotic
true
True or false. Prokaryotes have membrane bound organelles
false