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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. semisynthetic drugs
  2. cephalosporins
  3. active export of antibiotics
  4. streptomycin
  5. macrolides
  1. a used against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)
  2. b broad spectrum; used for tb; can cause auditory damage
  3. c broader spectrum alternative to penicillins; gram positive and gram negative; resistant to many beta lactamases; cefixime
  4. d bacteria may evolve the ability to prevent drug entry into the cytoplasm or to pump the drug out of the cytoplasm
  5. e drugs partly of laboratory origin and partly of microbial origin; improve the natural product; reduce side effects

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. alternative for vancomycin resistant bacteria; used against staphylococcus aureus and respiratory pathogens
  2. used to treat infections, diseases, and other disorders such as cancer
  3. says that antimicrobial agent should harm the the infectious agent but not the host
  4. concentration of a drug that eliminates pathogens in the host
  5. accidentally discovered penicillium mold; discovered it could kill some gram positive bacteria

5 True/False questions

  1. monobactamsdrugs derived from the metabolism of living microorganisms; work to kill or inhibit living organisms

          

  2. salvarsanfirst modern synthetic antimicrobial agent; Hata and Ehrlich; arshphenamine; used against syphilis

          

  3. antibioticsdrugs derived from the metabolism of living microorganisms; work to kill or inhibit living organisms

          

  4. ethambutolinterferes with nucleic acid synthesis in RNA synthesis; effective against tb, leprosy, meningitis; causes liver damage; used with Isoniazid and Ethambutol

          

  5. efficacyability to produce the necessary or desired result