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5 Written questions

5 Matching questions

  1. antimicrobial agents
  2. rifampin
  3. sulfonamides
  4. neosporin
  5. vancomycin
  1. a kills bacteria in the intestines; inhibits cell wall synthesis but drug of last resort because it can cause damage to ears and kidneys; is resisted by enterococcus
  2. b interfere with the DNA synthesis by competing with PABA in making folic acid; eventually kills the bacterial cell
  3. c mix of bacitracin, polymyxin; and neomycin
  4. d interferes with nucleic acid synthesis in RNA synthesis; effective against tb, leprosy, meningitis; causes liver damage; used with Isoniazid and Ethambutol
  5. e chemotherapeutic drugs used to treat infectious disease

5 Multiple choice questions

  1. used against gram positive; alternative to penicillin; erythromycin blocks protein synthesis by inhibiting chain elongation (ZPAC-azithromycin)
  2. used in wound tissue
  3. accidentally discovered penicillium mold; discovered it could kill some gram positive bacteria
  4. alternative for vancomycin resistant bacteria; used against staphylococcus aureus and respiratory pathogens
  5. toxic dose divided by therapeutic dose (all per kg body weight)

5 True/False questions

  1. therapeutic doseconcentration of a drug that eliminates pathogens in the host


  2. gentamicinused against gram negative infections of the urinary tract


  3. ethambutolinhibits mycolic acid from being incorporated into the cell wall in mycobacteria; narrow spectrum; combined with rifampin and isoniazid


  4. aminoglycosidesattach to bacterial ribosomes blocking translation of RNA into proteins


  5. chloramphenicolbroad spectrum; highly resistant to beta lactamases; last resort for many bacterial infections; primaxin


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