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55 terms

Mythology Quiz 1

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myth
an ancient story created to explain natural events
why things happen in nature and a lesson on how to live
the prupose of Myths are to explain
classical mythology
myths from ancient Greek and Roman culture
Greek
this type of Mythology's gods or goddess' names usually end in E's, U's, and S's
Roman
this type of Mythology's gods and goddess' names are short and easy to pronounce
Zeus
Area of Authority is Jupitar
King of the gods
married to Hera
symbol: Thunderbolt
Hera
Area of Authority: Juno
Queen of the Olympians
Married to Zeus
Goddess of Marriage
Aphrodite
Area of Authority: Venus
Goddess of love
protector of sailors
Artemis
Area of Authority: Diana
Goddess of the Hunt
often depicted with arrows
Hades
Area of Authority: Pluto
God of the Underworld
Symbol: Helmet and 2 pronged spear
Hermes
Area of Authority: Mercury
Messenger of the gods
takes dead souls to the underworld
Prankster
Hestia
Are of Authority: Vesta
Goddess of the Hearth
Symbol: the sacred flame
Apollo
God of music, prophecy, and healing
Considered the most beautiful god
Ares
Area of Authority: Mars
god of war
Symbol: spear
Hephaestus
Are of Authority: Vulcan
God of fire and crafts
Built palaces atop Mount Olympus
Athena
Area of Authority: Minerva
Goddess of Domestic arts and wisdom
Patron of goddess of Athens
Poseidon
Area of Authority: Neptune
god of sea and earthquakes
Knows hot to drive his chariot through the waves of sea
caos
in the beginning of time.. there was..
cosmos
organized universe
father Uranus
mother Ghea
2 beings from Caos
parents of the titans
Father Uranus and Mother Ghea kids are the
Chronos and Rhea
the Titans..
Chronos
get time or chronological order
Chronos
took a scythe and chopped off his fathers genitiles that aphrodite sprung from
Rhea
married Chronos
Chronos and Rhea
had the Olympians
Olympians
Poseidon
Hades
Demeter
Hera
Hestia
Zues
Chronos
swallows all 5 of his children then eventually spits them back up
Zues
the 6th child of Chronos and Rhea that is raised in secret so that he will not be eaten by his father
Olympians
won the war between the Olympians and the Titans
Ares and Hephaestos
Zues and Hera's kids
Zues's other kids
Athena, Aopollo, Artemis, Hermes
Prometheus and Epimethues
in charge of setting up the world
Epimetheus
was the first to set up things on Earth and gave the best things to animals, then realized he had nothing for the humans
Ability to stand up and fire
two gifts given to humans from Prometheus
women
Zeus created this to punish the humans for being given fire
Pandora
first women
Pandora
was given a box with all the evil inside, who's curiosity got the best of her and released all the evil into the world
Mount Parnassus
only mountain not covered by the great flood that Zeus created
Thera and Decalium
Two best humans that Prometheus picked to be out on Mount Parnassus
Stone age
created form Thera and Decalium and throwing rocks over their shoulder
Fates
goddess of destiny and faith that decided mortals fates
Furies
females of vengence who tortured people for things they dig wrong
Atropos
cutter of the threads of life
Clotho
spun the thread of life
Lachesis
measured the threads of life
naiad
inhabited a river, spring, or waterfall
dryad
nymph from Greek Mythology that inhabited a forest or tree
Elysian Fields
humans liked and favored by the gods went to
Tartarus
humans unliked by the gods were sent to
tantalus
Zeus' son believed that he could fool the gods by getting them to eat his son, was caught, and sent to hades where he lived in a pool and a fruit tree above his head
Muses
provided inspiration for science and the arts
Maenads
the followers of Dionysus; they were the gods of mystery wines and intoxication. They were considered insane because they were always partying and the such
Pan
the god of goatherds and shepherds. Half human half goat
Dionysus
the god of the vine and the only god to have a human parent