28 terms

ch.12 vocab

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traffic crash
a collision, involving one or more vehicles, that causes property damage, personal injury, or death and is the result of an unitentional act
drive
any person who drives or is in actual physical control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle on a highway or who is exercising control of a vehicle or steering a vehicle being towed by a motor vehicle
pedestrian
any person afoot
motor vehicle
a self-propelled vehicle not operated upon rails or guideway, but not including any bicycle, motorized scooter, electric personal assistive mobility device, swamp buggy, or moped.
autonomous vehicle
any vehicle equipped with autonomous technology
autonomous technology
technology installed on a motor vehicle that has the capability to drive the vehicle on which the technology is installed without the active control or monitoring by a
human operated
Laned highway
a highway the roadway of which is divided into two or more clearly marked lanes for vehicular traffic.
limited access facility
street or highway especially designed for through traffic and over, from, or to which owners or occupants of abutting land or other persons have no right or easement, or only a limited right or easement, of access, light, air, or view by reason of the fact that their property abuts upon such limited access facility or for any other reason; such highways or streets may be parkways from which trucks, buses, and other commercial vehicles are excluded; or they may be freeways open to use by all customary
forms of street and highway traffic.
private road or driveway
except as otherwise provided in paragraph (53)(b), any
privately owned way or place used for vehicular travel by the owner and those having express or implied
permission from the owner, but not by other persons
state road
any highway designated as a state-maintained road by the Department of Transportation
roadway
that portion of a highway improved, designed, or ordinarily used for vehicular travel, exclusive of the berm or shoulder; in the event a highway includes two or more separate roadways, the term roadway as used here refers to any such roadway separately, but not to all such roadways collectively
street or highway
) the entire width between the boundary lines of every way or place of whatever nature when any part
thereof is open to the use of the public for purposes of vehicular traffic;
(b) the entire width between the boundary lines of any privately owned way or place used for vehicular
travel by the owner and those having express or implied permission from the owner, but not by other
persons, or any limited access road owned or controlled by a special district, whenever, by written
agreement entered into under ss. 316.006(2)(b) or (3)(b), a county or municipality exercises traffic
control jurisdiction over said way or place;
(c) any area, such as a runway, taxiway, ramp, clear zone, or parking lot, within the boundary of any
airport owned by the state, a county, a municipality, or a political subdivision, which area is used for
vehicular traffic but which is not open for vehicular operation by the general public; or
(d) any way or place used for vehicular traffic on a controlled access basis within a mobile home park
recreation district which has been created under s. 418.30, F.S., and the recreational facilities of which
district are open to the general public
intersection
(a) the area embraced within the prolongation or connection of the lateral curblines; or, if none, then the
lateral boundary lines of the roadways of two highways which join one another at, or approximately
at, right angles; or the area within which vehicles traveling upon different highways joining at any other
angle may come in conflict
(b) where a highway includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing of each roadway
of such divided highway by an intersecting highway shall be regarded as a separate intersection; in the
event such intersecting highway also includes two roadways 30 feet or more apart, then every crossing
of two roadways of such highways shall be regarded as a separate intersection
crosswalk
(a) that part of a roadway at an intersection included within the connections of the lateral lines of the
sidewalks on opposite sides of the highway, measured from the curbs or, in the absence of curbs, from
the edges of the traversable roadway
(b) any portion of a roadway at an intersection or elsewhere distinctly indicated for pedestrian crossing
by lines or other markings on the surface
sidewalk
that portion of a street between the curb line, or the lateral line, of a roadway
and the adjacent property lines, intended for use by pedestrians
bicycle path
any road, path, or way that is open to bicycle travel, which road, path, or way is physically separated from motorized vehicular traffic by an open space or by a barrier and is located either within the highway right-of-way or within an independent right-of-way
serious bodily injury
an injury to any person, including
the driver, which consists of a physical condition that creates a substantial risk of death,
serious personal disfigurement, or protracted loss or impairment of the function of any
bodily member or organ
fatal injury
an injury resulting in an individual's death within a 12-month period after the traffic crash.
incapacitating injury
isible or non-visible signs of injury, such as a bleeding wound or distorted member, usually requiring transportation to a medical facility and
hospitalization
non-incapacitating injury
visible or non-visible signs of injury or complaint of
injury, not requiring transport from the scene.
traffic crash management
You must take control of a traffic crash situation and conduct the resulting investigation by quickly and
efficiently getting pertinent information and determining the cause of the crash. This
process is usually referred to as
It is your responsibility to
control, manage, normalize, and document a traffic crash as quickly as possible
The traffic crash management process involves the following ten steps:
Step 1: Respond to the traffic crash scene safely.
Step 2: Assess the scene of the crash.
Step 3: Secure a safe work environment at the crash scene.
Step 4: Provide emergency medical assistance to injured people, if necessary.
Step 5: Obtain pertinent information.
Step 6: Investigate the crash to determine how and why it occurred.
Step 7: Return the scene to normal as quickly as possible, if appropriate.
Step 8: Complete driver exchange of information.
Step 9: Take enforcement action.
Step 10: Document the crash.
first harmful event
(first damage or injury producing event) occurred. The officer can locate the area of collision (AOC) by examining the location of the first harmful event. The AOC may be indicated by crash debris, fixed property damage, broken glass, gouge marks, and
scrape marks.
The point of perception
n is when the driver becomes AWARE of a danger or hazard
The pre-collision phase or the point of possible perception
is the EARLIEST possible time the driver could have become aware of a potential danger or hazard.
Evasive action
is any action taken by the driver to alter the speed or direction of a vehicle or to avoid a
pedestrian, such as applying the brakes, turning the steering wheel, or moving out of the
way
Reaction time
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