Federal cases involving citizens of different states are known as
Diversity of citizenship
Because U. S. Courts of Appeals have the authority to hear cases from lower courts, we say that they have...
Because their authority extends only to minor matters, local courts are called the courts....
The power and authority given to a court to hear a case and to make a judgment is called...
Trial courts that handle cases involving major crimes and large amounts of money are called courts of ....
a court that has authority to try a case the first time it is heard is known as a court of ...
Federal court system hears cases involving federal matters and cases involving....
Diversity of citizenship
a minor who has done something that is not an adult crime, such as getting ticket for staying out before curfew, is considered ...
a delinquent child
ADR process which an evaluator examines the facts and the law and makes an evaluation of the legal rights of each party is known as
Early neutral evaluation
to be constitutional, death penalty laws must include guidelines that ensure all people are treated...
What is a pretrial?
An informal meeting before a judge. He simplifies and advises the two in dispute.
What is done at the beginning of a trial?
opening statements; for which side each attorney intends to prove.
What are two categories of remedies?
paymen of damages, and an equitable remedy- asking of court to do what is fair
What is specific performance?
remedy in which the plaintiff requests that the defendent do what he or she promised in contract
Rights of defendent?
to be told of crimes, make call, released on bail, remain silent, talk to an attorney, fair trial, and be presumed innocent until proven guilty
the indictment is read to the suspect, and the suspect is asked to plead either guilty or not guilty.
What happens after a person has been convicted of a crime?
fines, imprisonment, or the death penalty
What happens if charges are dismissed for minors?
The judge conducts adjuctory hearing, actual hearing of case in court
Otherwise to settle juvenile cases, the judge may..
allow person to get on probation
place offender in foster home
commit offender to a reform school
Cases under federal court system
actions between state and United States, Diversity of Citizenship(exceeds 75,000) Admirality case-sea, copyright and patent cases, bankrupcy cases
What category is this court in and what is U.S Court of International Trade head of?
tariffs and import/export taxes; Federal; can appeal to Court of Appeal for Federal Circuit
What category is this court in and what does the U.S. Tax Court do?
tax laws; Federal; can appeal to U.S Court of Appeal
What category and what does the Territorial Court do?
territorial and federal handles laws in U.S. territories
What category is this court in and what does the Court of Military Appeals do?
special appeals for marshalls. military people; can appeal to U.S. Court of Appeals
What is the U.S Supreme Court and what does it do?
It is the highest court that decides matters of appeals for lower court; has original and (*appellate jurisdiction)
ex. ambassodors, U.S ministers, foreign consuls
What is U.S court of Appeals also called and how many judges does it have?
three judges; has appellate jurisdiction; do not have juries, no evidence
With what are the U.S Districts responsible?
original jurisidiction; criminal and civil cases
ex. terrorism, bankrupcy; can appeal to Court of Appeals for the Federal Circuit
With what are the State Supreme responsible?
hears appeals from lower courts; deals with state vs. state; original jurisdiction
What category are General Trials Courts located and what do they do?
general jurisdiction; major crimes ($50,000 and up); hears appeals from lower court; can appeal to State Supreme Court
What category are the Lower Trial courts in and what do they do?
have limited jurisdiction; deals with minor problems such as misdemeanors (50,0000 and lower)
To whom can the Domestic Relations Courts appeal to and what do they deal with?
Can appeal to Lower Trial Courts and deals with divorce/anullments; child support; alimony and disallusion
To whom can the Juvenile Courts appeal to and what do they deal with?
can appeal to Lower Trial Courts; have no jury and cannot be released on bail; proof beyond reasonable doubt; deliquent(16-18) has commited adult crime
unruly- minor has not commited adult crime
abused/neglected child- homeless, destitute, with parental care