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42 terms

Roman Republic

Chapters 10 and 11
STUDY
PLAY
Aeneas
He was a Trojan Hero. He carried his father from the burning city of Troy and then serched for a new home for the Trojans. After traveling all around the Mediterranean, Aeneas finnally settled in Italy.
Romulus and Remus
The Romans belived that the twin Rromulus and Remus were descendants of Aenea. In Roman legend, Romulus and Remus were rescued from being put in a river to drowned, by a woldf. Romulus later killed Remus and built the city of Rome.
Republic
where people elect leaders to govern them
dictators
rulers with almost absolute power
Cincinnatus
Cincinnatus is the most famous dictator from the early republic.
plebian
common people
patricians
nobles, or very wealthy people
magistrates
official
consuls
The two most powerful magistrates in Rome
Roman State
A council of wealthy and powerful Romans that adcised the city's leaders
veto
to prohibit. To say NO
Latin
The Romans language
checks and balances
methods of balancing power
Forum
Rome's republic meeting place.
Punic Wars
a series of Wars against Carthage, a city in North Afirica.
Gaius Marus
A consul who encouraged poor people to join the army.
Legions
groups of soldiers that go up to 6,000 soldiers
Lucius Cornelius Sulla
was a consul. Sulla changed Rome's goverment forever when he became a dictator. He made the Senete be the main ruling froup in Rome, and he increased its power during his rule.
Spartacus
a former gladiator who rose up and demanded freedom. Him and his followers defeated an army sent to stop them and took over much of Southern Italy
Circero
A philosopher and gifted orator, which is also a gifted speaker. He tried to stop the chaos is Rome's Goverment
Julius Caesae
He conquared Gaul and added it to the Empire. Powerful general that took over Romes Goverment.
pompey
Ceasars powerfu friend who Julius made an alliance with to rule Rome.
Augustus
Caesars adopted son who was once named Octavian.
Pax Romana
Roman peace
aquaduct
a riased channel used to carry water from mountians into cities
Romance Language
Latin developed words. It includes French, Spanish, Italian, Portugese, and Romanian
civil Law
a legal system based on a written code of laws
Christianity
The religion bsaed on the life of Jesus
Jesus
A man, who was gods son but birth parents of Joseph and Mary. He healed people and rose from his death.
Bible
The book that explains Jesus's life
crucifixion
a type of execution in which a person was nailed on the cross
resurrection
Jesus's rise from the dead
disciples
People who spread the word of Jesus
Paul of Tasus
A man that spread the study of Jesus's death by writting leteters and telling others.
Constantine
An emporor who became a christian and removed the bans on a religion.
Diocletian
Rome's emporor. He shared the ruleing of Rome. He controled the East side and a co-emporor ruled the western part.
Attila
The Huns leader who raided Roman terittory in the east.
corruption
the decay of people's values
Justinian
Byzantine Empire ruler who conquared parts of the fallen weastern empire and simplified Roman laws. Theodors husband.
Theodora
Justinian's wife. She convinced Justinian to stay and fight. Whenm he took her idvise he crushed the riots.
Byzantine Empire
the society that deverloped in the Eastern Roman Empire.
Hannibal
One of the greatest generals of ther ancient world. He began the 2nd Punic war by attacin one of Rome's allies in Spain. Was the leader of Carthage, but was forced to flee by the Romans. Went to Asia and joined a king to fight with the Romans. Killed the king so he wouldnt be taken by the Romans.