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40 terms

Pig Disection

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larnyx
used to make sounds
Epiglottis
prevent food from entering the larnyx
thymus
produces cells for immune system
hard palate
forms roof of mouth
pallar
pumps blood
left atrium
pumps blood from pulmonary vein into left ventricle
right atrium
pumps blood from vena cava into the right ventricle
pericardial membrane
keeps heart from rubbing on inside of chest
umbilical vein
carries blood from placenta to liver
ureter
carries urine from kidney to urinary bladder
adrenal gland
secretes adrenaline
urethra
carries urine from kidney to urinary bladder
ovaries
secretes estrogen and progesterone. produces ova
uterus
site of fetal development
fallopian tubes
carries ova from ovary to uterus
vagina
birth canal
scrotal sac
controls temperature of testes
testis
secretes testosterone produces sperm
penis
used in copulation
ductus deferens
carries sperm from epididymis to urethra
bulbourethral glands.
produces preejaculatory fluid
epididymis
stores sperm until mature
seminal vesicles
produces seminal fluid
cerebellum
muscle coordination
brainstem
vital reflexes
left ventricle
pumps blood into aorta
right ventricle
pumps blood into pulmonary trunk
diaphragm
helps with breathing(muscle)
liver
makes bile for digestion
gall bladder
stores bile and sends it to the duodenum
stomach
responsible for breaking down food
cardiac sphincter valve
regulates food entering and leaving the stomach (by the esophagus)
Pyloric sphincter valve
regulates food entering and leaving the stomach(at the duodenum)
Pancreas
makes insulin
Spleen
stores and filters blood
small intestine
gets the nutrients from the food to the rest of the body
large intestine
reabsorbes water from the digested food
kidneys
responsible for removing harmful substances from the blood
umbilical vessels
in the umbilical cord, carries blood and nutrients from mom to baby
urinary bladder
what holds your urine