Create an account
Levels of Processing Theory
1. shallow processing (structural encoding)
2. intermediate processing (phonetic encoding)
3. deep processing (semantic encoding - meaning)
the 20-second storage center through which a memory passes to reach the LTM. goes from this stage to LTM through rehearsal
unlimited capacity storage that can hold information over lengthy periods of time. there is a substantial amount of evidence demonstrating LTM permanence: recall vs. recognition, flashbulb memories
long-term potentiation (LTP)
activating a neural connection increases synaptic efficiency (neural basis for learning)
parallel distributed processing theory
specific memories correspond to particular pattern of activation in a network of nodes. there are categories that have connections
temporary inability to remember something that you know, with a feeling that it is just out of reach
explicit (declarative) memory
without conscious recall (cerebellum), skills (motor and cognition) classical conditioning, retention
-episodic (things that happen)
an organized cluster of knowledge about a particular object or event abstracted from previous experience
emotion and memory
memory of a violent event is stronger than would be for a neutral event, although memory for associated detail is less
elizabeth loftus, "how fast were the cars going when they hit/smashed/collided/bumped?"
people are more likely to remember things that are consistence with their schemas or expectations
information more readily in our memory is more important that information that is not as easily accessible (we think planes are more dangerous than cars)
a rule of thumb where similarity to a prototype or similar situation dictates a decision
stages of language
1. babbling stage (4 mo.)
2. one-word stage (10 mo.)
3. two-word stage (24 mo.)
4. telegraphic stage (24+ mo.)
Please allow access to your computer’s microphone to use Voice Recording.
Having trouble? Click here for help.
We can’t access your microphone!
Click the icon above to update your browser permissions and try again
Reload the page to try again!Reload
Press Cmd-0 to reset your zoom
Press Ctrl-0 to reset your zoom
Please upgrade Flash or install Chrome
to use Voice Recording.
For more help, see our troubleshooting page.
Your microphone is muted
For help fixing this issue, see this FAQ.
Star this term
You can study starred terms together