966 terms

MAT Vocabulary Words

STUDY
PLAY

Terms in this set (...)

abash
to embarrass (disconcert, discomfit, faze, mortify)
abate
to decrease, reduce (dwindle, ebb, recede, flag, wane)
aberration
something different from the usual (anomaly, irregularity, abnormality, deviation)
abet
to aid, act as accomplice (help, succor, assist)
abject
miserable, pitiful (pathetic, lamentable, sorry)
abridge
to condense, shorten (abbreviate, cut, prune)
abscond
to depart secretly (flee, decamp, fly, bolt)
abstemious
marked by restraint, especially in the consumption of food or alcohol (moderate, temperate, sparing)
abstinent
abstaining (forbearing, refraining, ascetic)
accede
to express approval; agree to (assent, acquiesce, consent, concur)
accolade
priase, distinction (praise, acclaim, approbation, commendation, kudos)
accretion
growth in size or increase in amount (buildup, accumulation, accrual)
accrue
to accumulate, grow by additions (augment, enlarge, expand, burgeon, wax)
acerbic
bitter, sharp in taste or temper (tart, biting, caustic, cutting)
acme
highest point, summit (apex, crown, peak, pinnacle, zenith)
acquiesce
to agree, comply quietly (accede, consent, submit)
acrid
harsh, bitter (sharp, pungent, caustic)
acrimony
bitterness, animosity (choler, spleen, rancor, asperity, antipathy)
acumen
sharpness of insight (sagacity, discernment, shrewdness)
adage
old saying or proverb (apothem, aphorism, maxim)
admonish
to caution or reprimand (reprove, chide, upbraid, berate, rebuke)
adroit
skillful, accomplished, highly competent (deft, dexterous, proficient, accomplished, adept)
adulation
high praise (admiration, flattery, accolade)
adulterate
to corrupt or make impure (contaminate, dilute)
aesthetic
pertaining to beauty or art (artistic, tasteful)
alacrity
cheerful readiness, promptness in response (celerity, promptness, dispatch, enthusiasm)
allusion
indirect reference (intimation, suggestion)
altercation
noisy dispute (argument, clash, fight, quarrel)
altruism
unselfish concern for others' welfare (benevolence, generosity, kindness)
amalgamate
to mix, combine (integrate, assimilate, merge, incorporate, league)
ambivalence
attitude of uncertainty, conflicting emotions (indecision, vacillation)
ambulatory
of, relating to, or adapted to walking, moving about from place to place (itinerant, nomadic, peripatetic, roving, vagabond)
ameliorate
to make better, improve (amend, better, reform)
amulet
ornament worn as a charm against evil spirits (talisman, fetish)
anachronistic
outdated (anomalous, inconsistent, inappropriate)
anathema
ban, curse; something shunned or dislike (execration, aversion, horror, abomination)
ancillary
accessory, subordinate, helping (adjunct, additional, auxiliary, supplemental)
anecdote
short, usually funny account of an event (story, joke)
antipathy
dislike, hostility, extreme opposition or aversion (enmity, malice, antagonism)
antithesis
exact opposite or direct contrast (contrary, reverse)
apex
highest point, summit (acme, crown, zenith, peak, crest)
aphorism
old saying or short, pithy statement (adage, apothegm, maxim, proverb)
apocryphal
not genuine; fictional (erroneous, fictitious, fraudulent, false)
apostate
one who renounces a religious faith (renegade, turncoat, deserter)
appropriate *v
to take possession of (usurp, arrogate, commandeer)
aquatic
belonging or living in water (watery, maritime, pelagic)
arable
suitable for cultivation (farmable, fertile)
arcane
secret, obscure, known only to a few (esoteric, mysterious)
arch *adj
mischievous, roguish (impish, waggish, saucy, ironic)
archipelago
large group of islands (cluster, scattering)
arrogate
to demand, claim arrogantly (appropriate, usurp, seize, commandeer, assume)
ascetic
self-denying, abstinent, austere (continent, temperate, abstemious)
ascribe
to attribute to, assign (accredit, impute, refer)
ashen
resembling ashes; deathly pale (blanched, pallid, pasty, wan)
aspersion
false rumor, damaging report, slander (allegation, insinuation, reproach)
assiduous
diligent, persistent, hard-working (industrious, steadfast, thorough)
assonance
resemblance in sound, especially in vowel sounds; partial rhyme (repetition, similarity, echo)
assuage
to make less severe, ease relieve (mitigate, alleviate, ease, appease, mollify)
astringent
harsh, severe, stern (sharp, bitter, caustic)
asylum
refuge, sanctuary (haven, shelter)
atrocious
monstrous, shockingly bad, wicked (horrible, appalling, deplorable, direful)
atrophy
to waste away, wither from disuse (deteriorate, degenerate)
attenuate
to make thin or slender; weaken (reduce, rarefy, diminish)
augury
prophecy, prediction of events (omen, auspices, portent, harbinger, presage)
august
dignified, awe-inspiring, venerable (grande, majestic, admirable, awesome)
auspicious
having favorable prospects (encouraging, propitious, hopeful, positive)
austere
stern, strict, unadorned (dour, bare, ascetic)
autocrat
dictator (tyrant, authoritarian, despot, totalitarian)
autonomous
separate, independent (sovereign, self governed, free)
avarice
greed (cupidity, rapacity)
aver
to declare to be true, affirm (assert, attest)
aviary
large enclosure housing birds (birdhouse, zoo)
awry
crooked, askew, amiss (aslant, wrong)
axiom
premise, postulate, self-evident truth (adage, apothegm, aphorism, maxim, rule)
baleful
harmful, with evil intentions (dark, sinister)
balk
to refuse, shirk; prevent (stop, check, thwart, frustrate)
banal
trite, overly common (hackneyed, shopworn, inane)
bane
something causing death, destruction or ruin (curse, scourge, poison)
banter
playful conversation (chatter, palaver, prattle)
bastion
fortification, stronghold (bulwark, defense, haven)
bawdy
obscene, lewd (vulgar, risque, rude, coarse)
bay (v)
to bark, especially in a deep prolonged way (howl, ululate, wail, keen)
behemoth
huge creature (giant, titan, monster)
belabor
to insist repeatedly or harp on (dwell upon, harp upon)
bellicose
warlike, aggressive (belligerent, hostile, combative, pugnacious)
belligerent
hostile, tending to fight (bellicose, aggressive, combative, pugnacious)
benighted
unenlightened (ignorant, unschooled, illiterate)
bipedal
two-footed, upright (two legs)
blandish
to coax with flattery (cajole, charm, seduce, wheedle)
blasphemous
cursing, profane, irreverent (sacrilegious, impious)
blithe
joyful, cheerful, or without appropriate thought (glad, happy, carefree, insouciant)
boor
crude person, one lacking manners or taste (lout, clod, oaf, vulgarian, yahoo)
bourgeois
middle class (capitalist, conventional)
bovine
cow-like, relating to cows (sluggish, dull, stolid)
brazen
bold, shameless, impudent, of or like brass (audacious, brash, contumelious, insolent)
breach
act of breaking, violation (gap, lapse, rift, contravention, dereliction)
broach (v)
to mention or suggest for the first time (raise, introduce, propose)
brusque
rough or abrupt in manner (blunt, curt, gruff, rude, tactless)
bucolic
pastoral, rural (rustic, country, agrarian)
burgeon
to sprout or flourish (blossom, thrive, expand, grow, proliferate)
burnish
to polish, make smooth and bright (shine, buff)
bustle
commotion, energetic activity (flurry, ado, tumult)
buttress (v)
to reinforce or support (bolster, brace, prop, strengthen)
cache
hiding place, stockpile (hoard, reserve, store)
cacophony
jarring, unpleasant noise (din, clatter, racket)
cajole
to flatter, coax, persuade (blandish, wheedle)
callow
immature and lacking in sophistication (ingenuous, naive, artless)
calumny
false and malicious accusation, misrepresentation, slander (libel, aspersion, defamation)
canny
smart, founded on common sense (percipient, perspicacious, astute, shrewd)
canonize
to declare a person a saint, raise to highest honors (exult, elevate, ennoble, glorify)
capricious
impulsive, whimsical, without much thought (erratic, fickle, flighty, inconstant, wayward)
caricature
exaggerated portrait, cartoon (burlesque, travesty, lampoon)
castigate
to punish, chastise, criticize severely (discipline, lambaste)
catalyst
something causing change without being changed (stimulus, instigation, provocation)
catharsis
purification, cleansing (purgation, release)
catholic
universal, broad and comprehensive (extensive, general)
celerity
speed, swiftness, alacrity (dispatch, velocity, rapidity)
chagrin
shame, embarrassment, humiliation (mortification, discomfiture)
champion (v)
to defend or support (advocate, promote)
charlatan
quack, fake (imposter, fraud, humbug)
chary
watchful, cautious, extremely shy (wary, careful, sparing)
chicanery
trickery, fraud, deception (deceit, duplicity, dishonesty)
chide
to scold, express disapproval (chasten, chastise, admonish, reprimand, reprove)
chimerical
fanciful, imaginary, visionary, impossible (illusory, unreal)
choleric
easily angered, short-tempered (irritable, surly, wrathful, irate)
chortle
to chuckle (laugh, snort)
churlish
lack of civility or graciousness, boorish, rustic (boorish, cloddish, clodhopping, loutish, lowbred, rustic)
circumvent
to go around, avoid (evade, sidestep, dodge)
clairvoyant (adj)
having ESP, psychic (prophetic, oracular)
anomaly
irregularity or deviation from the norm (oddity, aberration, deviance, peculiarity, abnormality)
antediluvian
prehistoric, ancient, beyond measure (old, archaic, antique)
best (v)
to get the better of, beat (defeat, trounce, vanquish, rout, worst)
bevy
group (band, gang, bunch, pack, troop)
bilk
to cheat, defraud (swindle, dupe, fleece)
carnivorous
meat eating (predatory, flesh eating)
cartography
science or art of making maps (charting, surveying, topography)
censure
to criticize, find fault (denounce, pillory, vilify, indict, condemn)
cherubic
sweet, innocent, resembling a cherub (angelic, babyish)
Clandestine
secretive, concealed for a darker purpose (covert, underground)
Clod
a chunk of earth or clay; a stupid person (lump, nugget, dolt, oaf, dullard)
Cloister (v)
to confine, seclude (isolate, sequester)
Cloying
sickly sweet, saccharine (excessive, fulsome)
Coddle
to baby, treat indulgently (pamper, spoil, cosset)
Coerce
to compel by force or intimidation (domineer, constrain)
Cogent
logically forceful, compelling, convincing (persuasive, winning)
Colloquial
characteristic of informal speech (conversational, idiomatic, slangy)
Collusion
collaboration, complicity, conspiracy (intrigue, machination, connivance)
Commute
to change a penalty to a less sever one (exchange, mitigate, palliate)
Conjugal
pertaining to marriage (connubial, matrimonial, spousal, marital
Connive
to conspire, scheme (collude, plot, contrive)
Consecrate
to declare sacred; dedicate to a goal (sanctify, devote)
Consonant (adj)
consistent with, in agreement with (accordant, compatible, congruous)
Consummate (adj)
accomplished, complete, perfect (thorough, exhaustive, ideal, flawless)
Contemptuous
scornful (derisive, disdainful, supercilious)
Contentious
quarrelsome, disagreeable, belligerent (argumentative, fractious, quarrelsome, litigious)
Contrite
deeply sorrowful and repentant for a wrong (regretful, apologetic, remorseful)
Contumacious
stubbornly disobedient (insubordinate, factious, insurgent, mutinous, rebellious, seditious)
Contumelious
insolently abusive and humiliating (impertinent, impudent, procacious, saucy)
Convoluted
twisted, complicated, involved (intricate, elaborate, baroque)
Copious
abundant, plentiful (ample, abounding)
Corporeal
having to do with the body; tangible, material (somatic, concrete, physical)
Corpulence
obesity, fatness, bulkiness (stoutness, rotundity, portliness, plumpness)
Coterie
small group of persons with a similar purpose (circle, clique, set)
Countenance (v)
to favor, support (condone, approve, tolerate)
Cryptic
puzzling (mysterious, recondite, inscrutable, enigmatic)
Cudgel
a short heavy club (baton, billy club, bludgeon, club, mace, nightstick, shillelagh)
Cupidity
greed (avarice, rapacity, covetousness)
Curmudgeon
cranky person (grouch, crab, coot)
Cursory
hastily done, superficial (shallow, careless)
Daunt
to discourage, intimidate (demoralize, dishearten, consternate)
Dearth
lack, scarcity, insufficiency (absence, shortage, paucity)
Deferential
respectful and polite in a submissive way (courteous, obsequious)
Defunct
no longer existing, dead, extinct (gone, vanished, deceased, departed, extinguished)
Delegate (v)
to give powers to another (assign, entrust, commit, appoint, authorize)
Deleterious
harmful often in a subtle or unexpected way (pernicious, harmful, detrimental, nocent, nocuous)
Demagogue
leader, rabble-rouser, usually using appeals to emotion or prejudice (agitator, inciter, instigator, fomenter, firebrand)
Demur
to express doubts or objections (protest, remonstrate, kick, expostulate, dissent)
Denigrate
to slur or blacken someone's reputation (malign, belittle, disparage, vilify, slander)
Depravity
sinfulness, moral corruption (decadence, debauchery, enormity, corruption, degradation)
Deprecate
to belittle, disparage (minimize, denigrate, discount)
Despot
tyrannical ruler (authoritarian autocrat, dictator, totalitarian)
Diaphanous
allowing light to show through; delicate (sheer, transparent, gauzy, tenuous, translucent)
Diatribe
bitter verbal attack (tirade, jeremiad, fulmination, harangue, philippic)
Dichotomy
division into two parts (split, distinction, bifurcation, opposition)
Dictum
authoritative statement; popular saying (adage, apothegm, aphorism, decree, edict)
Didactic
excessively instructive (educational, improving, moralistic)
Diffidence
shyness, lack of confidence (timidity, reticence)
Digress
to turn aside; to stray from the main point (diverge, deviate, wander)
Dilapidated
in disrepair, run down, neglected (decrepit, ramshackle, deteriorated, decayed)
Dilatory
slow, tending to delay (sluggish, tardy, unhurried)
Dirge
funeral hymn (elegy, threnody, lament)
Discrepancy
difference between (contradiction, divergence, incongruity, disparity, incompatibility)
Discretionary
subject to one's own judgment (elective, optional, voluntary, unforced)
Discursive
moving from topic to topic without order (digressive, rambling, unfocused)
Disdain
to regard with scorn and contempt (spurn, slight)
Disheveled
untidy, disarranged, unkempt (disordered, messy, rumpled)
Disinterested
fair minded, unbiased (impartial, evenhanded, unprejudiced, dispassionate)
Disparage
to belittle, speak disrespectfully of (denigrate, derogate, ridicule, deride)
Disparity
contrast, dissimilarity (discrepancy, contradiction, divergence, incongruity, incompatibility)
Dispassionate
free from emotion; impartial, unbiased (disinterested, evenhanded, unprejudiced, impassive, stolid)
Dispel
to drive out or scatter (disband, disperse)
Disperse
to break up, scatter (dissipate, disintegrate, dispel)
Disrepute
disgrace, dishonor (ignominy, infamy)
Dissemble
to pretend, disguise one's motives (feign, conceal, cloak, camouflage)
Disseminate
to spread far and wide (circulate, diffuse, disperse)
Dissipate
to scatter; to pursue pleasure to excess (carouse, squander, disperse, consume, dissolve)
Dissonant
harsh and unpleasant sounding (discordant, harsh, inharmonious)
Dissuade
to persuade someone to alter original intentions (discourage, deter)
Diurnal
daily (daylight, daytime)
Dogged
stubbornly persevering (tenacious, obstinate, pertinacious, determined, mulish)
Dogmatic
rigidly fixed in opinion, opinionated (authoritative, inflexible, dictatorial, doctrinaire, obstinate)
Doleful
sad, mournful (funereal, somber, lugubrious, dismal, woeful)
Dour
sullen and gloom; stern and severe (austere, strict, grave, solemn, somber)
Dowry
money or property given by a bride to her husband (dower, hope chest)
Draw
pull, drag, attract (haul, tow, tug, lure, entice)
Droll
amusing in a wry, subtle way (witty, comic, funny, entertaining, risible)
Dulcet
pleasant sounding, soothing to the ear (melodious, agreeable, sweet, harmonious)
Dupe (v)
to deceive, trick (n) fool, pawn (hoodwink, cozen, beguile, gull)
Duplicity
deception, dishonesty (perfidy, infidelity, disloyalty, treachery, guile)
Dyspeptic
suffering from indigestion; gloomy and irritable (morose, solemn, melancholy, sour, acerb)
Ebb
to fade away, recede (retreat, subside, abate, wane, withdraw)
Eclectic
selecting from various sources (catholic, selective, broad)
Effrontery
impudent boldness; audacity (presumption, brashness, temerity, nerve, gall)
Egregious
conspicuously bad (blatant, flagrant, glaring, gross, rank)
Elegy
mournful poem, usually about the dead (dirge, lament, threnody)
Emancipate
to set free, liberate (deliver, manumit, release)
Embroil
to involve in; cause to fall into disorder (implicate, ensnare, entangle)
Encomium
enthusiastic praise (eulogy, panegyric, tribute)
Enervate
to weaken, sap strength from (deplete, debilitate, drain, exhaust)
Engender
to produce, cause, bring about (procreate, propagate, originate, generate)
Enigmatic
puzzling, inexplicable (mysterious, cryptic, baffling)
Enjoin
to urge, order, command; forbid or prohibit, as by judicial order (direct, instruct, charge, prohibit, proscribe)
Enmity
hostility, antagonism, ill-will (animosity, antipathy, rancor, animus)
Ennui
boredom, lack of interest and energy (tedium, listlessness, world-weariness)
Enormity
state of being gigantic or terrible (outrageousness, atrociousness)
Ephemeral
momentary, transient, fleeting (transitory, fugitive, evanescent)
Epicure
person with refined taste I food and wine (gourmet, gourmand, connoisseur, gastronome)
Epigram
short, witty saying or poem (maxim, adage, aphorism)
Epilogue
concluding section of a literary work (afterward, finale)
Epitome
representative of an entire group; summary (paragon, exemplar, prototype, quintessence, abstract)
Equine
relating to horses (horsy, asinine, mulish)
Equivocal
ambiguous, open to more than on interpretation (doubtful, misleading, uncertain)
Equivocate
to use vague or ambiguous language intentionally (mislead, prevaricate)
Erratic
inconsistent, irregular (eccentric, capricious, unstable, unpredictable)
Erudite
learned, scholarly (knowledgeable, cultured, educated, well-read, literate)
Esoteric
understood by only a learned few (mysterious, arcane, occult, recondite, secret)
Espouse
to support or advocate; to marry (champion, embrace, adopt)
Estrange
to alienate, keep at a distance (disaffect, separate, divorce)
Ethereal
not earthly, spiritual, delicate (intangible, diaphanous, airy, gossamer, sheer)
Etiolate
to bleach and alter the natural development of (a green plant) by excluding sunlight (blanch, decolorize)
Eulogy
high praise, often in a public speech (tribute, commendation, encomium, panegyric, salute)
Evanescent
momentary, transitory, short-lived (transient, ephemeral, fleeting, fugitive)
Exacerbate
to aggravate, deepen the bad qualities of (worsen, escalate, intensify)
Excruciating
agonizing, intensely painful (torturous, acute, fierce)
Exculpate
to clear of blame of fault, vindicate (exonerate, acquit)
Exigent
urgent; excessively demanding (pressing, imperative, compelling, critical, crucial)
Exorbitant
extravagant, greater than reasonable (excessive, immoderate, inordinate, extreme)
Expiate
to atone for, make amends for (answer, compensate, pay)
Expunge
to erase, eliminate completely (delete, cancel, efface, annul, obliterate)
Expurgate
to censor (cut, bowdlerize, sanitize)
Extort
to obtain something by threats (wring, coerce, blackmail, bludgeon, bully)
Extraneous
irrelevant, unrelated, unnecessary (immaterial, impertinent, extrinsic, foreign, alien)
Extricate
to free from, disentangle (disengage, untangle, release, disencumber)
Façade
face, front; mask, superficial appearance (pretense, cloak, guise, semblance, surface)
Facile
very easy; poised, assured (simple, effortless, nimble, fluent)
Fallow
uncultivated, unused (unseeded, inactive, idle)
Fanaticism
extreme devotion to a cause (zeal, mania, obsession)
Fastidious
careful with details (meticulous, painstaking, scrupulous, punctilious, precise)
Fathom (v)
to measure the depth of, gauge (comprehend)
Fatuous
stupid; foolishly self satisfied (silly, absurd, preposterous, ridiculous, ludicrous)
Fawn (v)
to flatter excessively, seek the favor of (kowtow, grovel, truckle)
Faze
to bother, upset, or disconcert (discomfit, rattle, chagrin)
Feckless
ineffective, careless, irresponsible (aimless, shiftless, lazy)
Fecund
fertile, fruitful, productive (prolific, flourishing)
Fervid
passionate, intense, zealous (vehement, ardent, enthusiastic, avid, eager)
Fetid
foul-smelling, putrid (noisome, stinky, funky, malodorous, rank)
Fetter
to bind, chain, confine (shackle, manacle, handcuff, curb, tether)
Filigree
ornamental openwork of delicate or intricate design on metal (ornament, embellishment, decoration, latticework)
Flag (v)
to decline in vigor, strength, or interest (wane, subside, ebb, dwindle, slacken)
Flagrant
outrageous, shameless (glaring, egregious, blatant, gross, rank)
Flaunt
to show off (parade, flourish, vaunt, exhibit, display)
Flora
plants (vegetation, botany, verdure, herbage)
Florid
gaudy, extremely ornate; ruddy, flushed (ornate, flamboyant, ostentatious, loud, garish)
Flounder
to falter, waver; to muddle, struggle (blunder, stumble, bumble, lurch, lumber)
Fluvial
of, relating to, or living in a stream or river(flowing, alluvial)
Foible
minor weakness or character flaw (fault, failing, frailty, vice, blemish)
Foil (v)
to defeat, frustrate (thwart, balk, check, baffle)
Foment
to arouse or incite (instigate, abet, promote)
Foolhardy
recklessly bold (reckless, rash, precipitate, temerarious)
Fop
a man who is devoted to or vain about his appearance or dress (coxcomb, dandy)
Forbearance
patience, restraint, leniency (resignation, long-suffering, tolerance)
Ford (v)
to cross a body of water at a shallow place (traverse, wade)
Forte
strong point, something a person does well (metier, specialty)
Fortuitous
happening by chance, fortunate (accidental, contingent, incidental)
Foster
to nourish, cultivate, promote (nurture, nurse, advance, further)
Founder (v)
to fall helplessly; sink (miscarry, immerse, plunge)
Fracas
noisy dispute (brawl, broil, donnybrook, fray, melee)
Fractious
unruly, rebellious (peevish, cranky, quarrelsome, contentious)
Frenetic
wildly frantic, frenzied, hectic (excited, active, bustling, feverish)
Furtive
secret, stealthy (covert, clandestine, surreptitious, underhand, shifty)
Gall (n)
bitterness; careless nerve; (v) to exasperate and irritate (temerity, audacity, effrontery, rancor)
Garner
to gather and store (reap, glean, harvest, amass, acquire)
Garrulous
very talkative (loquacious, voluble, verbose, chatty, prolix)
Glib
fluent in an insincere manner; offhand, casual (easy, superficial)
Glower
to glare, stare angrily and intensely (frown, lower, scowl)
Grandiloquence
pompous talk, fancy but meaningless speech (language bombast, fustian, prolixity, verbiage)
Grimace
facial expression showing pain or disgust (scowl, leer, glare)
Grotto
small cave (cavern, recess, burrow, den, pocket)
Grovel
to humble oneself in a demeaning way (cringe, fawn, kowtow)
Guile
trickery, deception (cunning, artifice, wiliness, duplicity)
Hackneyed
worn out by overuse (trite, shopworn, stale, banal)
Hallowed
holy; treated as sacred (sanctified, consecrated, venerated, sacrosanct, blessed)
Hapless
unfortunate, having bad luck (ill-fated, ill-starred, luckless, unlucky, jinxed)
Harbinger
precursor, sign of something to come (forerunner, presage, omen, herald)
Hardy
robust, vigorous, sturdy (healthy, hale, fit, strong, courageous)
Haughty
arrogant and condescending (proud, disdainful, supercilious, scornful, vainglorious)
Hedonist
one who pursues pleasure as a goal (sensualist, voluptuary, libertine)
Hegemony
leadership, domination, usually by a country (influence, power, sway, rule)
Heinous
shocking, wicked, terrible (reprehensible, abominable, monstrous, appalling, dreadful)
Hemorrhage (v)
to bleed heavily; (n) heavy bleeding (seep, discharge, gush)
Heretical
opposed to an established religious orthodoxy (heterodox, schismatic, dissident)
Hermetic
tightly sealed (airtight, watertight, impervious)
Hiatus
break, interruption, vacation (gap, recess, interval, pause)
Hoary
very old; whitish or gray from age (antediluvian, antique, vintage, ancient, venerable)
Homage
public honor and respect (acclaim, kudos, panegyric, tribute, encomium)
Homily
sermon like speech (lecture, admonition, oration)
Husband (v)
to farm; manage carefully and thriftily (conserve, economize)
Hyperbole
purposeful exaggeration for effect (inflation, magnification, embellishment)
Iconoclast
one who attacks traditional beliefs (rebel, dissident, nonconformist)
Ignominious
disgraceful and dishonorable (despicable, degrading, debasing)
Ilk
type or kind (sort, nature, character, variety, class)
Illicit
illegal, improper (unlawful, criminal, prohibited, forbidden)
Immune
exempt; protected from harm or disease; unresponsive to (impervious, shielded)
Immutable
unchangeable, invariable (fixed, stationary, permanent, steady)
Impassive
showing no emotion (expressionless, stolid, cold, indifferent, placid)
Impecunious
poor, having no money (indigent, needy, penniless, impoverished, destitute)
Imperious
arrogantly self assured, domineering, overbearing (dictatorial, authoritarian, despotic)
Impertinent
rude (improper, forward, bold, impolite, discourteous)
Impervious
impossible to penetrate, incapable of being affected (immune, callous)
Impious
not devout in religion (irreverent, profane, immoral)
Implacable
inflexible, incapable of being pleased (obstinate, unyielding)
Importune
to ask repeatedly, beg (crave, beseech, entreat, implore, supplicate)
Impoverish
to make poor or bankrupt (beggar, ruin, pauperize, deplete, drain)
Imprecation
curse (execration, anathema, malediction)
Impregnable
totally safe from attack, able to resist defeat (unassailable, invincible, secure, inviolable, invulnerable)
Impudent
arrogant, audacious (shameless, insolent, impertinent, brazen)
Impugn
to call in to question, attack verbally (challenge, dispute, gainsay)
Impute
to attribute (ascribe, credit, assign, refer, charge)
Inadvertent
unintentional (accidental, involuntary)
Incense (v)
to infuriate, enrage (madden, exasperate, outrage)
Inchoate
imperfectly formed or formulated (incipient, undeveloped, undefined)
Incipient
beginning to exist or appear; in an initial stage (dawning, nascent, inchoate)
Incontrovertible
unquestionable, beyond dispute (irrefutable, indisputable)
Incorrigible
incapable of being corrected (unrepentant, intractable, unmanageable, uncooperative, unchangeable)
Incredulous
skeptical, doubtful (disbelieving, suspicious)
Inculcate
to teach and impress by frequent repetitions or admonitions (instill, instruct, educate)
Inculpate
to incriminate (charge, impeach, indict)
Indelible
permanent, not erasable (ineffaceable, inexpugnable, permanent)
Indigenous
native, occurring naturally in an area (intrinsic, innate, endemic, autochthonous, aboriginal)
Indigent
very poor (needy, impecunious, impoverished, destitute, penniless)
Indignant
angry, incensed, offended (furious, irate, mad, wrathful, ireful)
Indolent
habitually lazy, idle (slothful, languid, lethargic, sluggish, fainéant)
Inexorable
inflexible, unyielding (adamant, obdurate, relentless)
Ingenuous
straightforward, open; naïve candid and unsophisticated (simple, natural, unaffected, artless)
Inimical
hostile, unfriendly (injurious, harmful, adverse, antagonistic)
Iniquity
sin, evil act (immorality, injustice, wickedness, vice, enormity)
Insensate
lacking sensation, unconscious (inanimate, unfeeling, numb)
Insidious
awaiting a chance to entrap; harmful but enticing, having a gradual and cumulative effect; developing so gradually as to be well established before becoming apparent (treacherous, seductive, subtle)
Insinuate
to suggest, say indirectly, imply (hint, intimate)
Insipid
bland, lacking flavor, lacking excitement (lackluster, dull, flat, weak)
Insolent
insulting and arrogant (audacious, rude, presumptuous, impertinent)
Insuperable
insurmountable, unconquerable (unbeatable undefeatable, invincible)
Inter
to bury (entomb, inhume)
Interrogate
to question formally (examine, catechize)
Intimation
clue, suggestion (implication, allusion, insinuation)
Intractable
not easily managed (unruly, stubborn, refractory, recalcitrant, headstrong)
Intransigent
uncompromising, refusing to be reconciled (obdurate, obstinate, adamant, unbending, unyielding)
Inundate
to cover with water; overwhelm (flood, swamp, deluge, engulf)
Inure
to harden; accustom; become used to (habituate, familiarize, condition)
Invective
verbal abuse (vituperation, denunciation, revilement)
Inveterate
confirmed, long standing, deeply rooted (habitual, chronic)
Invidious
envious, obnoxious (resentful, discriminatory, insulting, jaundiced)
Itinerant
wandering from place to place, unsettled (nomadic, roving, traveling, vagabond, vagrant)
Itinerary
route of a traveler's journey (plan, record, guidebook)
Jaded
tired by excess or overuse, slightly cynical (wearied, jaundiced, sated, callous, blasé)
Jargon
nonsensical talk; specialized language (dialect, cant, argot, idiom, slang)
Jettison
to cast off, throw cargo overboard (discard, toss)
Jingoism
belligerent support of one's country (chauvinism, nationalism)
Kinetic
relating to motion; characterized by movement (mobile, active, dynamic)
Knell
sound of a funeral bell; omen of death or failure (toll, chime, peal)
Kudos
fame, glory, honor (acclaim, praise, encomium, accolade, homage)
Labyrinth
maze (entanglement, mesh, web)
Laceration
cut or wound (gash, tear)
Lachrymose
tearful (weeping, teary)
Lackadaisical
idle, lazy; apathetic, indifferent (languorous, indolent, listless, blasé, fainéant)
Laconic
using few words (terse, concise, pithy, succinct)
Lampoon
to attack with satire, mock harshly (burlesque, travesty, caricature)
Languid
lacking energy, indifferent, slow (weak, listless, lackadaisical, sluggish, fainéant)
Larynx
organ containing vocal cords (voice box, Adam's apple)
Lassitude
lethargy, sluggishness (weariness, listlessness, torpor, stupor)
Leviathan
a biblical sea monster; something large and formidable (behemoth, mammoth, cyclopean, elephantine, gargantuan)
Libertine
one without moral restraint (hedonist, voluptuary, rogue, rake, roué)
Licentious
immoral; unrestrained by society (wanton, dissolute, salacious, lewd, prurient)
Limpid
clear, transparent (lucid, pellucid, serene)
Lionize
to treat as a celebrity (regale, honor, feast, ply)
Lissome
easily flexed, limber, agile (supple, lithe, graceful)
Listless
lacking energy and enthusiasm (lethargic, sluggish, languid, fainéant, indolent)
Lithe
moving and bending with ease; graceful (lissome, limber, agile, supple)
Livid
discolored from a bruise; pale; reddened with anger (furious, ashen, pallid, black and blue)
Loathe
to abhor, despise, hate (abominate, execrate, detest, contemn)
Loquacious
talkative (garrulous, verbose, voluble, prolix)
Lugubrious
sorrowful, mournful; dismal (gloomy, funereal, somber, melancholy, woeful)
Lumber (v)
to move slowly and awkwardly (stumble, lurch, hulk, galumph)
Macabre
ghoulish, gruesome (ghastly, grim, grisly, lurid, morbid)
Macerate
to waste way or become soft, especially by becoming steeped (soak, soften, deliquesce)
Machination
plot or scheme (conspiracy, intrigue, design, cabal)
Maculate
marked with spots (besmirched, impure)
Maelstrom
whirlpool; turmoil; agitate state of mind (blotchy, flecked, mottled, spattered, speckled)
Magnate
powerful or influential person (potentate, tycoon, nabob, dignitary, luminary)
Maladroit
clumsy, tactless (awkward, inept, gauche, ungainly)
Malediction
curse (execration, anathema, imprecation)
Malefactor
evil-doer; culprit (criminal, offender, felon)
Malinger
to evade responsibility by pretending to be ill (shirk, fake)
Malodorous
foul smelling (fetid, noisome, stinky, funky, rank)
Mandatory
necessary, required (obligatory, compulsory, inevitable)
Maritime
relating to the sea or sailing (nautical, marine, naval)
Martial
warlike, pertaining to the military (soldierly, combative)
Martinet
strict disciplinarian, one who rigidly follows rules (tyrant, stickler, dictator)
Maudlin
overly sentimental (mawkish, bathetic, saccharine, weepy)
Maverick
nonconformist (dissident, rebel)
Mawkish
sickeningly sentimental (maudlin, insipid, bathetic, saccharine, weepy)
Meander
to wander aimlessly (ramble, roam, rove, range, stray)
Melancholy
sadness, depression (dejection, despondency, woe, sorrow)
Mendacious
dishonest, lying, untruthful (deceitful, false)
Mendicant
beggar (pauper, panhandler)
Mercenary (n)
soldier for hire in foreign countries; (adj) motivated only by greed (hireling, venal, materialistic, avaricious)
Mercurial
quick, shrewd, and unpredictable (clever, crafty, volatile, whimsical)
Meretricious
gaudy, falsely attractive (flashy, loud, tawdry, insincere, specious)
Metaphor
figure of speech comparing two different things (analogy, symbol, allegory, simile)
Meticulous
extremely careful, fastidious, fussy (scrupulous, punctilious, precise, finicky, painstaking)
Mettle
courageousness; endurance (fortitude, spirit, character)
Militate
to operate against, work against (influence, affect, change)
Mimic
to imitate or copy (ape, simulate, impersonate)
Misnomer
an incorrect name or designation (error, misapplication, deception)
Missive
note or letter (bulletin, dispatch, epistle, memorandum, message)
Molt (v)
to shed hair, skin, or an outer layer periodically (cast, defoliate, desquamate)
Monastic
extremely plain or secluded, as in a monastery (contemplative, disciplined, regimented, self abnegating, austere)
Moot
debatable; purely academic, deprived of practical significance (arguable, open, inconclusive, doubtful)
Mores
customs or manners (usages, attitudes, ways, traditions, practices)
Mundane
worldly; commonplace (secular, ordinary)
Munificent
generous (liberal, bountiful)
Mutability
changeability (inconstancy, impermanence)
Myopic
nearsighted (shortsighted, sand-blind)
Myriad
immense number, multitude (crowd, army, legion, mass)
Nadir
lowest point (bottom, depth, pit)
Naïve
innocent, lacking in worldly experience (ingenuous, unsophisticated, artless, credulous)
Narcissist
someone who is completely self absorbed (egotist, egomaniac)
Nascent
starting to develop, coming into existence (emerging, incipient, inchoate, embryonic)
Nebulous
vague, cloudy (misty, hazy, fuzzy, undefined, unclear)
Nefarious
vicious, evil (wicked, fiendish, malevolent, sinister)
Neophyte
novice, beginner (apprentice, tyro, greenhorn)
Nemesis
archenemy, rival, retribution
Nettle (v)
irritate (annoy, vex)
Niche
recess in a wall; best position for something (alcove, cranny, crevice, place, station)
Nicety
detail
Niggardly
grasping, stingy
Noisome
stinking, putrid (offensive, foul, rank, malodorous, disgusting)
Nonchalant
appearing casual, detached, cool (composed, unruffled, cavalier, blasé, unconcerned, indifferent)
Nostrum
a questionable remedy or scheme (panacea, catholicon, cure-all, remedy, potion)
Noxious
harmful, lethal, toxic
Nugatory
of slight worth, trivial, insignificant (unimportant, impotent, null, trifling, invalid)
Numismatist
coin collector
Obeisance
a movement of the body made in token of respect or submission; deference (bow, curtsy, deference, homage, reverence)
Obdurate
stubborn (inflexible, inexorable, adamant, impenitent, intractable, obstinate, unyielding)
Obese
fat, stout, corpulent
Obfuscate
to confuse, obscure (complicate, cloud, darken)
Obsequious
overly submissive, brown-nosing (fawning, servile, compliant, groveling, unctuous, flattering)
Obsolete
no longer in use (outdated, outmoded, passé, old fashioned, antiquated, dated)
Obstreperous
defiant, confrontational, aggressive
Obtuse
insensitive, stupid, dull (slow, dense, blunt)
Obtrusive
blatant, prominent
Obviate
to make unnecessary; to anticipate and prevent (preclude, hinder, avert, forestall, deter)
Occlude
to shut, block (close, obstruct)
Odious
hateful, vile
Oeuvre
composition, masterwork, lifework
Officious
overly helpful, meddlesome (eager, unwanted, intrusive, self-important, bureaucratic, overbearing)
Oligarchy
government by the few
Omnipotent
all-powerful, invincible, almighty
Onerous
burdensome, troublesome
Opaque
dense, obscure, unclear
Opprobrium
disgrace, dishonor
Opulence
wealth (affluence, abundance, prosperity, luxury, plenty)
Oracle
seer, visionary
Oration
lecture, formal speech (discourse, declamation, sermon, address, homily)
Oratory
speechifying, rhetoric
Ornithologist
scientist who studies birds (birdman, bird watcher)
Oscillate
to move back and forth (swing, sway, fluctuate, vacillate, undulate)
Osculate
to kiss, contact
Ossify
to turn to bone, to become rigid (harden, solidify, set)
Ostensible
apparent (represented, supposed, surface)
Ostentatious
showy, flamboyant, pretentious
Palaver
chatter, gossip, chitchat
Palisade
picker, fence, fortification
Palpable
tangible, obvious, physical
Paltry
trivial, trifling, unimportant
Palliate
to make less serious, ease (extenuate, mitigate, alleviate, assuage)
Panacea
cure-all elixir, miracle (drug, sovereign remedy, cure-all solution)
Panache
flamboyance, verve (flair, style, dash)
Panegyric
elaborate praise; formal hymn of praise (eulogy, compliment, laudation, encomium, homage, tribute)
Paradigm
ideal example, model (pattern, exemplar)
Paragon
model of excellence or perfection (ideal, nonpareil, paradigm, example)
Paramount
supreme, dominant, primary, (chief, commanding, dominate, principal)
Pariah
outcast (leper, reject, exile, untouchable)
Parochial
of limited scope or outlook, provincial (narrow, restricted, insular)
Parody
humorous imitation (caricature, burlesque, travesty, lampoon, satire)
Parry
to ward off or deflect (evade, avoid, repel, repulse)
Paroxysm
outburst, convulsion, spasm
Parsimony
stinginess (frugality, economy, meanness, miserliness)
Patent (adj)
obvious, unconcealed (apparent, clear, distinct, evident, manifest)
Patrician
aristocrat (noble, peer, blue blood, nabob)
Pathos
pity, sympathy, sorrow
Patois
dialect, regionalism
Paucity
scarceness, lack, rarity
Peccadillo
minor sin or offense (fault, failing, lapse, misstep, transgression)
Pecuniary
monetary, financial, economic
Pedagogy
teaching, education, instruction
Pedant
uninspired, boring (dull, obscure, academic scholar, schoolmaster, pedagogue)
Pedestrian (adj)
commonplace (undistinguished, ordinary, dull, mediocre, lackluster)
Pejorative
having bad connotation; disparaging (belittling, dismissive, insulting)
Penance
voluntary suffering to repent for a wrong (atonement, reparation, chastening, reconciliation)
Penchant
inclination (predilection, bias, leaning, partiality, proclivity)
Penitent
expressing sorrow for sins or offenses, repentant (remorseful, contrite, apologetic, regret)
Pensive
thoughtful, meditative
Penumbra
shadow, obscurity, shade
Penury
extreme poverty (destitution, beggar, need, privation, want, indigent)
Peon
laborer, farm worker, drudge
Perambulate
to roam, stroll, amble
Perfidious
faithless, disloyal, untrustworthy (betrayal, treacherous, deceitful, devious)
Perfunctory
done in a routine way; indifferent (halfhearted, tepid, careless, mechanical, unthinking)
Peripatetic
moving from place to place (itinerant, nomadic, vagabond, wandering, roving)
Petulance
rudeness, peevishness (irritability, querulousness, testiness, fretfulness, irritable)
Pernicious
deadly, destructive, harmful
Persiflage
banter, chat
Perspicacious
shrewd, astute, keen-witted (sagacious, insightful, intelligent)
Phalanx
massed group of soldiers, people, or things (body, infantry, formation, configuration, arrangement)
Phantasm
apparition, specter, ghost
Pharisee
hypocrite, goody-goody
Philanthropic
benevolent, altruistic, charitable
Philatelist
stamp collector
Philistine
narrow-minded person, someone lacking appreciation for art or culture (boor, barbarian, vulgarian, bourgeois)
Phlegmatic
calm in temperament; sluggish (unemotional, placid, undemonstrative, apathetic)
Phobia
exaggerated, illogical fear (dislike, aversion)
Pinnacle
peak, highest point of development (summit, acme, apex, zenith, climax)
Pious
dedicated, devout, extremely religious (observant, reverent, sanctimonious)
Pique (n)
fleeting feeling of hurt pride (vexation, resentment, indignation, dudgeon, umbrage)
Pithy
profound, substantial; concise, succinct, to the point (brief, compact, terse, laconic)
Picayune
trivial, worthless
Piebald
spotted, mottled, multicolored
Piety
devotion, faithfulness, reverence
Pilfer
to steal, embezzle, filch
Pinion
to shackle, immobilize, bind
Placate
to calm, pacify, appease
Placid
calm (tranquil, serene, peaceful, complacent)
Plaintive
sad, lamenting (mournful, melancholy)
Platitude
stale, overused expression (cliché, bromide, commonplace, truism)
Plaudit
acclaim, recognition, approval
Plebeian
crude, vulgar, low-class (unrefined, coarse, common)
Plethora
excess, overabundance (superfluity, surplus, glut, surfeit)
Poignant
emotionally moving (stirring, touching, pathetic, affecting, piquant)
Polemic
controversy, argument, verbal attack (refutation, denunciation)
Politic
discreet, tactful (prudent, artful, shrewd, diplomatic, judicious, cunning)
Portico
entry, walkway, porch
Postulate
to hypothesize, assert, assume
Polymath
a person of encyclopedic learning (savant, litterateur)
Portent
omen (augury, harbinger, herald, token, prodigy, ominous)
Posterity
future generations; all of a person's descendants (progeny, offspring, line, lineage, heritage)
Potable
drinkable (harmless, nonpoisonous, comestible)
Potentate
monarch or ruler with great power (leader, emperor, king, prince, czar)
Pragmatic
practical; moved by facts rather than abstract ideals (prudent, wise, sensible, expedient, politic, down-to-earth)
Prattle (n)
meaningless, foolish talk (chatter, jabber, babble, gibberish, drivel, blather)
Precarious
uncertain (insecure, unstable, hazardous, perilous)
Precipitate (adj)
sudden and unexpected (abrupt, impetuous, headlong, rash, impulsive, reckless)
Precocious
unusually advanced at an early age (gifted, premature, developed)
Precursor
forerunner, predecessor (herald, vanguard)
Predator
one that preys on others, destroyer, plunderer (carnivore, pillager, attacker)
Predilection
partiality, tendency, preference
Preponderant
prevalent, predominant, influential
Prerogative
right, privilege, sanction
Preposterous
absurd, illogical (ridiculous, ludicrous, nonsensical, outlandish, incredible)
Presage
to foretell, indicate in advance (portend, forewarn, auger, divine, bode)
Prescient
having foresight (premonitory, augural, divinatory, mantic, oracular, clairvoyant, psychic, perceptive)
Prevaricate
to lie, evade the truth (equivocate, fib, palter, hedge, fabricate)
Primeval
ancient, primitive (primordial, original, archaic, antediluvian)
Primordial
original, existing from the beginning (primeval, ancient, primitive, archaic, antediluvian)
Pristine
untouched, uncorrupted (pure, clean)
Privation
lack of usual necessities, or comforts (forfeiture, loss, deprivation, poverty)
Probity
integrity, honesty, morality
Proclivity
tendency, liking
Prodigal (adj)
wasteful, extravagant, lavish (dissolute, riotous, luxurious, improvident, thriftless, profligate)
Prodigious
extraordinary, phenomenal, immense
Proficient
expert, skilled in a certain subject (adept, skillful, deft, experienced, accomplished)
Profligate
corrupt, degenerate (dissolute, wasteful, decadent, extravagant, improvident, prodigal)
Progenitor
originator, forefather, ancestor, in a direct line (forebear, precursor, founder, predecessor)
Progeny
offspring, children (heirs, issue, descendents, posterity)
Prognosticate
to predict, forecast, portend
Prolix
marked by or using an excess of words (verbose, wordy, long-winded, loquacious, garrulous)
Promulgate
to broadcast, publicize
Propinquity
closeness, proximity, relationship
Propitious
favorable, advantageous (auspicious, promising, conductive)
Prosaic
relating to prose, dull, commonplace (straightforward, matter-of-fact, pedestrian, unimaginative)
Proscribe
to condemn, to forbid, outlaw (denounce, banish, interdict, ban, prohibit)
Proselytize
to convert to a particular belief or religion (missionize, preach, sway, move, convince)
Provisional
temporary, interim, short term
Prowess
skill, competence, expertise
Prurient
lustful, exhibiting lewd desires (lascivious, salacious, lecherous, licentious, wanton)
Pseudonym
pen name; fictitious or borrowed name (alias, sobriquet, penname, nom de guerre)
Puerile
childish, immature, silly (juvenile, infantile, jejune)
Pugnacious
combative, belligerent, argumentative
Pulchritude
beauty (loveliness, prettiness, handsomeness, comeliness, gorgeousness)
Pulverize
to crush, macerate, mash
Purloin
to steal, pilfer, rob
Pusillanimous
cowardly, timid, spineless
Putative
supposed, alleged, presumed
Putrefy
decay, rot, molder
Quaff
to drink, imbibe, guzzle
Quagmire
marsh; difficult situation (swamp, predicament, quandary, dilemma, bog, fen, mire, morass)
Quandary
dilemma, difficulty (predicament, plight, jam, fix)
Quarantine
isolate to prevent spread of disease (sequester, ostracize)
Quash
to defeat, suppress, nullify
Quay
wharf, dock, jetty
Quell
to crush or subdue (suppress, pacify, quiet, quash, stifle)
Querulous
inclined to complain, irritable (peevish, whiny, sniveling, puling, petulant)
Quibble
to argue about insignificant and irrelevant details (carp, vacil, nitpick, pettifog)
Quiescent
latent, inert, dormant
Quintessential
exemplary, prototypical, classic
Quixotic
overly idealistic, impractical (romantic, unrealistic, capricious, impulsive)
Quotidian
occurring daily, commonplace (everyday, normal, usual)
Raconteur
witty, skillful, storyteller (anecdotalist, monologist)
Raffish
carefree, breezy, jaunty
Raillery
teasing, banter, ridicule
Rambunctious
boisterous, unruly, disorderly
Rampant
unrestrained, widespread, extensive
Ramshackle
likely to collapse (rickety, dilapidated, decrepit)
Rant
to harangue, rave, forcefully scold (fulminate, thunder, yell, inveigh)
Rapport
affinity, bond, relationship
Rarefy
to make thinner, purer, or more refined (attenuate, prune)
Ratiocinate
to reason, calculate, deduce
Ravenous
extremely hungry (starving, famished, voracious, gluttonous, rapacious)
Ravine
deep, narrow gorge (gully, canyon, gulch, arroyo)
Raze
to tear down, demolish (level, ruin, destroy, wreck, annihilate)
Reactionary
marked by extreme conservatism (ultraconservative, right wing, orthodox, anti progress)
Rebut
to refute by evidence or argument (counter, retort, disprove, confute, contradict)
Recalcitrant
resisting authority or control (stubborn, defiant, headstrong, willful, unmanageable, unruly)
Recant
to retract a statement, or opinion (disavow, disclaim, disown, repudiate, renounce)
Reciprocate
to interchange, return, counter
Recondite
abstruse, ambiguous, complex
Recreant
faithless, disloyal, craven
Rectitude
decency, morality, virtue
Redolent
exuding fragrance; evocative (ambrosial, balmy, aromatic, fragrant, reminiscent)
Redress
to rectify, equalize, remedy
Redundant
unnecessary repetition (superfluous, excessive, duplication, tautology, pleonasm, wordiness)
Refractory
resisting control or authority; stubborn (bullheaded, headstrong, intractable, mulish, obdurate, unyielding, disobedient)
Refute
to contest, disprove, rebut
Regimen
government rule; systematic plan (control, procedure, system, course)
Reiterate
to repeat, restate, reaffirm
Reliquary
receptacle, shrine, coffer
Remiss
negligent, careless, slipshod
Remonstrate
to argue, dispute, protest
Remuneration
pay or reward for work, trouble (recompense, reimbursement, settlement, requital, redress)
Renegade
traitor, person abandoning a cause (deserter, rebel, apostate, turncoat, defector)
Renege
to go back on one's word (break, violate)
Reparation
amends, compensation, reimbursement
Replete
full, sated, stuffed
Repose
relaxation, leisure (calmness, tranquility, rest, ease, idleness)
Reprise
repetition, especially of a piece of music (recurrence, return, resumption)
Reprobate
morally unprincipled person (sinner, knave, scoundrel, rogue, rake, degenerate, rascal, troublemaker)
Reprove
to criticize or correct (rebuke, admonish, reprimand, chide, reproach)
Resilient
flexible, hardy, durable
Resolute
determined, steadfast, unyielding
Respite
interval of relief, (pause, intermission, recess, suspension, reprieve, break, rest)
Restive
impatient, uneasy, restless (anxious, agitated, fretful)
Revile
to censure, berate, abuse
Rhapsody
emotional literary or musical work (dithyramb, impromptu, paean, enthuse, rave, gush)
Rhetoric
persuasive use of language (eloquence, elocution, discourse, oratory, expression)
Ribald
humorous in a vulgar way (coarse, indelicate, obscene, bawdy, lewd)
Riddle (v)
to make many holes in; permeate (perforate, honeycomb, prick punch, pierce)
Rife
widespread, prevalent; abundant (numerous, prevailing, current)
Rift
fissure, crevice, schism
Rigorous
demanding, laborious, meticulous
Risible
laughable, humorous, ludicrous
Rostrum
pulpit, podium
Rout
defeat, disorder, retreat
Rubicund
rosy, ruddy, red
Rue
to regret (lament, repent, deplore)
Ruminate
to contemplate, reflect upon (ponder, mull, meditate, deliberate, muse)
Rustic
rural (bucolic, pastoral)
Saccharine
excessively sweet or sentimental (sugary, cloying, syrupy, treacly, maudlin, fulsome)
Sagacious
shrewd (astute, perspicacious, wise judicious, sage)
Sacrilege
irreverence, blasphemy, profanation
Sacrosanct
sacred, inviolable, hallowed
Quaff
to drink, imbibe, guzzle
Quagmire
marsh; difficult situation (swamp, predicament, quandary, dilemma, bog, fen, mire, morass)
Quandary
dilemma, difficulty (predicament, plight, jam, fix)
Quarantine
isolate to prevent spread of disease (sequester, ostracize)
Quash
to defeat, suppress, nullify
Quay
wharf, dock, jetty
Quell
to crush or subdue (suppress, pacify, quiet, quash, stifle)
Querulous
inclined to complain, irritable (peevish, whiny, sniveling, puling, petulant)
Quibble
to argue about insignificant and irrelevant details (carp, vacil, nitpick, pettifog)
Quiescent
latent, inert, dormant
Quintessential
exemplary, prototypical, classic
Quixotic
overly idealistic, impractical (romantic, unrealistic, capricious, impulsive)
Quotidian
occurring daily, commonplace (everyday, normal, usual)
Raconteur
witty, skillful, storyteller (anecdotalist, monologist)
Raffish
carefree, breezy, jaunty
Raillery
teasing, banter, ridicule
Rambunctious
boisterous, unruly, disorderly
Rampant
unrestrained, widespread, extensive
Ramshackle
likely to collapse (rickety, dilapidated, decrepit)
Rant
to harangue, rave, forcefully scold (fulminate, thunder, yell, inveigh)
Rapport
affinity, bond, relationship
Rarefy
to make thinner, purer, or more refined (attenuate, prune)
Ratiocinate
to reason, calculate, deduce
Ravenous
extremely hungry (starving, famished, voracious, gluttonous, rapacious)
Ravine
deep, narrow gorge (gully, canyon, gulch, arroyo)
Raze
to tear down, demolish (level, ruin, destroy, wreck, annihilate)
Reactionary
marked by extreme conservatism (ultraconservative, right wing, orthodox, anti progress)
Rebut
to refute by evidence or argument (counter, retort, disprove, confute, contradict)
Recalcitrant
resisting authority or control (stubborn, defiant, headstrong, willful, unmanageable, unruly)
Recant
to retract a statement, or opinion (disavow, disclaim, disown, repudiate, renounce)
Reciprocate
to interchange, return, counter
Recondite
abstruse, ambiguous, complex
Recreant
faithless, disloyal, craven
Rectitude
decency, morality, virtue
Redolent
exuding fragrance; evocative (ambrosial, balmy, aromatic, fragrant, reminiscent)
Redress
to rectify, equalize, remedy
Redundant
unnecessary repetition (superfluous, excessive, duplication, tautology, pleonasm, wordiness)
Refractory
resisting control or authority; stubborn (bullheaded, headstrong, intractable, mulish, obdurate, unyielding, disobedient)
Refute
to contest, disprove, rebut
Regimen
government rule; systematic plan (control, procedure, system, course)
Reiterate
to repeat, restate, reaffirm
Reliquary
receptacle, shrine, coffer
Remiss
negligent, careless, slipshod
Remonstrate
to argue, dispute, protest
Remuneration
pay or reward for work, trouble (recompense, reimbursement, settlement, requital, redress)
Renegade
traitor, person abandoning a cause (deserter, rebel, apostate, turncoat, defector)
Renege
to go back on one's word (break, violate)
Reparation
amends, compensation, reimbursement
Replete
full, sated, stuffed
Repose
relaxation, leisure (calmness, tranquility, rest, ease, idleness)
Reprise
repetition, especially of a piece of music (recurrence, return, resumption)
Reprobate
morally unprincipled person (sinner, knave, scoundrel, rogue, rake, degenerate, rascal, troublemaker)
Reprove
to criticize or correct (rebuke, admonish, reprimand, chide, reproach)
Resilient
flexible, hardy, durable
Resolute
determined, steadfast, unyielding
Respite
interval of relief, (pause, intermission, recess, suspension, reprieve, break, rest)
Restive
impatient, uneasy, restless (anxious, agitated, fretful)
Revile
to censure, berate, abuse
Rhapsody
emotional literary or musical work (dithyramb, impromptu, paean, enthuse, rave, gush)
Rhetoric
persuasive use of language (eloquence, elocution, discourse, oratory, expression)
Ribald
humorous in a vulgar way (coarse, indelicate, obscene, bawdy, lewd)
Riddle (v)
to make many holes in; permeate (perforate, honeycomb, prick punch, pierce)
Rife
widespread, prevalent; abundant (numerous, prevailing, current)
Rift
fissure, crevice, schism
Rigorous
demanding, laborious, meticulous
Risible
laughable, humorous, ludicrous
Rostrum
pulpit, podium
Rout
defeat, disorder, retreat
Rubicund
rosy, ruddy, red
Rue
to regret (lament, repent, deplore)
Ruminate
to contemplate, reflect upon (ponder, mull, meditate, deliberate, muse)
Rustic
rural (bucolic, pastoral)
Saccharine
excessively sweet or sentimental (sugary, cloying, syrupy, treacly, maudlin, fulsome)
Sagacious
shrewd (astute, perspicacious, wise judicious, sage)
Sacrilege
irreverence, blasphemy, profanation
Sacrosanct
sacred, inviolable, hallowed
Salacious
immoral, indecent, lascivious
Sallow
sickly yellow in color (ashen, green, pasty, peaked, wan)
Salubrious
healthful (curative, medicinal, tonic, therapeutic, bracing, wholesome, beneficial)
Salutary
constructive, remedial, wholesome
Sanction
to permit, authorize, endorse
Sanguine
ruddy; cheerfully optimistic (positive, hopeful, rubicund, upbeat, confident, optimistic)
Sapient
wise, astute, discerning
Sardonic
cynical, scornfully mocking (sarcastic, derisive, acerbic, caustic, satirical, snide)
Satiate
to satisfy (sate, cloy, glut, gorge, surfeit)
Saunter
to amble; walk in a leisurely manner (stroll, ramble)
Scabbard
sheath for sword or dagger (holster, hanger)
Scale (v)
to climb to the top of (ascend, mount)
Satrap
ruler, sovereign, emperor
Schism
division, rift, rupture
Scimitar
type of sword, a saber with a curved blade with the edge on the convex side (convex side claymore, falchion, rapier)
Scintilla
iota, bit, speck
Screed
sermon, lecture
Scrupulous
conscientious, thorough
Scurrilous
defamatory, scandalous, abusive
Scoff
to deride, ridicule (mock, scorn, taunt, twit, flout)
Score (v)
to make a notch or scratch (furrow, scrape, groove, chase, rule)
Sectarian
partisan, parochial
Secular
not specifically pertaining to religion (worldly, lay, laic, temporal)
Sedition
behavior promoting rebellion (insurrection, conspiracy, intrigue, mutiny, treason, subversion, rebellion)
Segue
transition, conversion
Seminal
relating to the beginning or seeds of something (original, influential, decisive, creative)
Senescent
aging, maturing
Sententious
having a moralizing tone (terse, pithy, aphoristic, pompous, didactic)
Sentient
aware, conscious, able to perceive (thinking, feeling, intelligent)
Sepulcher
tomb, crypt, mausoleum
Sequester
to remove or set apart; put into seclusion (segregate, isolate, insulate, quarantine, cloister)
Seraphic
angelic, pure, sublime (heavenly, celestial)
Serendipitous
obtained by luck rather than actively sought out (chance, destiny, accident, lucky, providential, unplanned)
Servile
submissive, docile, subservient
Simulate
to imitate, replicate, model
Sinecure
well paying job or office that requires little or no work (inaction, title)
Sinuous
winding, intricate, complex (supple, lithe, devious, serpentine, curvilinear)
Skulk
to move in a stealthy or cautious manner; sneak (lurk, shirk, hide, evade, prowl)
Slough
to discard or shed (molt, cast)
Slovenly
untidy, messy (negligent, slipshod, sloppy, unkempt, bedraggled)
Slue
to pivot, rotate, veer
Sluice
channel, valve, floodgate
Smelt (v)
to melt metal in order to refine it (purify, extract)
Sobriquet
nickname (alias, pseudonym)
Sodden
thoroughly soaked; saturated (soggy, wet, drenched, steeped, waterlogged)
Sojourn
visit, stay (call, residency, stop, tenancy)
Soigné
elegant, sophisticated, fashionable
Solace
consolation, comfort, succor
Solicitous
concerned, anxious, caring
Soliloquy
literary or dramatic speech by one character, not addressed to others (monologue, solo)
Somnolent
sleepy, drowsy, lethargic
Sonorous
resonant, echoing, loud
Soporific
sleepy or tending to cause sleep (somnolent, narcotic, somniferous, drowsy, monotonous, hypnotic, sleep-inducing)
Sordid
foul, repugnant, squalid
Sororal
relating to a sister
Spartan
austere, sever, grave; simple, bare (disciplined, restrained, frugal, courageous, laconic)
Spectral
ghostly, ethereal, vaporous
Splenetic
irritable, ill-humored, surly
Spurious
lacking authenticity; counterfeit, false (fraudulent, ersatz, fake, phony, bogus, inauthentic, illegitimate)
Spurn
to reject, scorn, disdain
Staccato
marked by abrupt, clear cut sounds (short, disconnected)
Stalwart
valiant, sturdy, steadfast
Static
fixed, unmoving, stationary
Staunch
faithful, loyal, dependable
Steadfast
unwavering, loyal (faithful, true, constant, fast, staunch)
Stentorian
loud, booming, thunderous
Stigma
mark of disgrace or inferiority (stain, blot, brand, taint, disgrace, shame, ignominy)
Stint (v)
to be sparing or frugal (conserve, scrimp, skimp)
Stipulate
to specify, require, demand
Stodgy
dull, stuffy, unimaginative
Stoic
indifferent to or unaffected by emotions (impassive, stolid, unresponsive, apathetic)
Stolid
having or showing little emotion (impassive, stoic)
Strident
loud, harsh, unpleasantly noisy (grating, shrill, discordant, clamorous)
Stymie
to block or thwart (stump, baffle, foil)
Stultify
to cripple, deaden, hamper
Stupefy
to daze, bewilder, stun
Suave
smoothly gracious or polite; blandly ingratiating (debonair, urbane, diplomatic, politic)
Subjugate
to conquer, subdue; enslave (overpower, conquer, defeat, vanquish, enthrall, yoke)
Sublime
impressive, majestic, supreme
Subliminal
subconscious; imperceptible (unperceived, unconscious)
Subterfuge
trick or tactic used to avoid something (stratagem, ruse)
Subtle
elusive, abstruse, indefinable
Subterranean
hidden, secret; underground (buried, concealed, sunken, covered)
Sullen
brooding, gloomy (morose, sulky, somber, glum)
Sully
to soil, stain, tarnish, taint (mar, defile, besmirch)
Succor
assistance, help, aid
Succulent
juicy, luscious, delectable
Supercilious
arrogant, haughty, overbearing, condescending (proud, disdainful, patronizing, contumelious)
Supersede
to replace, supplant, succeed
Supplicant
one who asks humbly and earnestly (petitioner, appellant, applicant, suitor, suppliant)
Surmise
to infer, deduce, conclude
Surreptitious
characterized by secrecy (covert, furtive, underhanded, sneaky, stealthy, clandestine)
Sybarite
person devoted to pleasure and luxury (voluptuary, hedonist, sensualist, libertine)
Sycophant
self serving flatterer, yes man (toady, lickspittle, fawner, bootlicker)
Syllabus
outline of a course (summary, schedule)
Symbiosis
cooperation, mutual (helpfulness association, interdependence)
Symposium
meeting, conference, convention
Synchronous
simultaneous, contemporary, concurrent
Synopsis
plot summary (outline, abstract, compendium, digest, epitome)
Synthesize
to integrate, amalgamate, manufacture
Tacit
silently understood or implied (implicit, unspoken, inferred)
Taciturn
uncommunicative, not inclined (reserved, reticent, silent, secretive, tightlipped)
Tactile
relating to the sense of touch (haptic, tangible, palpable)
Taint
to spoil or infect; to stain honor (contaminate, befoul, poison, plloute, besmirch)
Talon
claw of an animal, bird of prey (nail)
Tang
sharp flavor or odor (relish, savor, piquancy, bite)
Tawdry
gaudy, cheap, showy (crude)
Temper (v)
to restrain, moderate (qualify, allay, strengthen, muffle)
Temerity
recklessness, gall, audacity
Temperance
self-restraint, moderation, abstinence
Tenable
plausible, defensible, justifiable
Tenacity
persistence, obstinacy, doggedness
Tendentious
partisan, biased, opinionated
Tenebrous
shady, gloomy, murky
Tenet
belief, precept, doctrine (principle, dogma, creed)
Terse
concise, brief, free of extra words (succinct, compact, compendious, pithy, laconic)
Tenuous
unconvincing, fragile, weak
Timorous
timid, fearful, anxious
Titan
person of colossal stature or achievement (giant, colossus)
Toady
flatterer, hanger-on, yes-man (sycophant, bootlicker, fawner)
Tome
book, usually large and academic (volume, codex)
Torpid
lethargic; unable to move; dormant (benumbed, hibernating, apathetic, inactive, inert)
Torrid
burning hot; passionate (parched, scorching, sweltering, ardent, sizzling)
Tortuous
having many twists and turns; highly complex (winding, circuitous, devious, involved)
Tractable
obedient, yielding (dutiful, governable, compliant, acquiescent, docile, malleable)
Transitory
short-lived, existing only briefly (transient, ephemeral, impermanent, fleeting)
Trenchant
acute, sharp, incisive; forceful, effective (mordant, biting, cutting, caustic)
Transverse
crosswise, oblique, slanted
Tremulous
quivering, shaky, wavering
Trepidation
apprehension, foreboding, dread
Trite
stale, hackneyed, pedestrian
Truculent
quarrelsome, argumentative, defiant
Truism
cliche, platitude, maxim
Tryst
agreement between lovers to meet; rendezvous (assignation, date, engagement, appointment)
Turgid
swollen, bloated (grandiloquent, bombastic, overwrought, orotund, distended)
Turpitude
inherent vileness, foulness, depravity (baseness, immorality, wickedness)
Tyro
beginner, novice (fledgling, neophyte, apprentice)
Tumult
clamor, commotion, hubbub
Turbid
murky, cloudy, muddled
Ubiquitous
being everywhere simultaneously (omnipresent, inescapable)
Ululate
to lament, wail, howl
Umbrage
offense, resentment (dudgeon, pique, ire, asperity, rancor, indignation)
Unctuous
greasy, oily; smug and falsely earnest (ingratiation, obsequious, fulsome, oleaginous, smarmy)
Undulate
to ripple, surge, heave
Untoward
difficult to manage; unfavorable or unlucky (fractious, intractable, recalcitrant, hapless, unfortunate)
Upbraid
to scold sharply (berate, chastise, tax, reproach, rebuke, chide)
Urbane
suave, refined, elegant
Usurp
to seize by force (arrogate, preempt, assume, appropriate, commandeer)
Usury
practice of lending money at exorbitant rates (loan sharking, interest)
Uxorial
of, relating to, or characteristic of a wife (wifely, spouse) vacillate to waver, show indecision (sway, fluctuate, hesitate, oscillate, falter)
Vacuous
empty, inane, vacant
Validate
to sanction, confirm, corroborate
Vapid
bland, lifeless, insipid
Vaunted
boasted aboute, bragged about (acclaimed, celebrated)
Vehement
forceful, fervid, passionate
Venal
mercenary, corruptible
Venerable
esteemed, respected, honored
Verbose
wordy, garrulous, loquacious
Verdant
green with vegetation; inexperienced (grassy, leafy, wooded)
Verisimilitude
truth, reality, authenticity
Vernacular
dialect, idiom, argot
Vertiginous
dizzy, giddy, reeling
Vicarious
substitute, surrogate; enjoyed imagined participation in another's experience (second-hand, delegated, proxy)
Vicissitude
variation , mutation, complication
Vilify
to malign, disparage, defame
Vim
energy, enthusiasm (vitality, vigor, animation, brio, esprit)
Virtuosity
genius, talent, skill
Viscous
thick, syrupy, and sticky (adhesive, viscid, gelatinous, gummy)
Vitriol
wrath, spleen
Vociferous
voluble, noisy, raucous
Voracious
having a great appetite (ravenous, greedy, insatiable, rapacious)
Vouchsafe
to grant, deign, bestow
Wag (n)
a humorous or droll person (wit, joker, humorist, jester)
Wan
sickly pale (ashen, palled, blanched, pasty)
Wanton
immodest, unchaste, lewd
Wastrel
spendthrift, squanderer, profligate
Wax (v)
to increase gradually, begin to be (enlarge, expand, swell, become, grow)
Welter
a chaotic mass or jumble (clutter, hodgepodge, mishmash)
Wheedle
to cajole, inveigle, coax
Whet
to sharpen, stimulate (hone, edge, strop, grind)
Wily
sly, cunning, devious
Winnow
to sift, separate, extract
Wizened
withered, shriveled, wrinkled (wasted, atrophied, gnarled, desiccated)
Wrangle
to quarrel, bicker, argue
Xenophobia
fear or hatred of foreigners or strangers (prejudice, bigotry)
Xeric
dry, desert
Yaw
to swerve, veer, weave
Yoke (v)
to join together (pair, harness, bind, subjugate)
Zenith
highest point, summit (apex, acme, climax, crown)
Zephyr
gentle breeze (gust, waft, puff, draft)