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18 terms

Jainism

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Ahimsa
the principle of noninjury, nonviolence, and respect for all life
Angabahya
subsidiary scriptural writings containing commentaries and eulogistic works praising Jain leaders and saints, as well as the Great Renunciation and Enlightenment of Mahavira; accepted by Svetambara Jains
Angas
Literally, 'limbs'; the central scriptures of Svetambara Jainism
Digambara
means 'sky-clad' and refers to those Jain monks who wander naked
Hisma
violence or injury to life
Jina
a conqueror or victor; one who has attained enlightenment or infinite insight. this word is the ROOT from which the work Jainism is derived. It may also be used as a synonym for tirthankara5
Jiva
the spirit contained within all living things, be they human, animal, or plant6
Karma-Matter
the substance that contaminates a person's soul as the consequence of evil deeds, causing the soul to sink in the universe and on the scale of existence7
Kevala-Jnana
enlightenment which involves the gaining of infinite knowledge8
Mahavira
the title(and name) of the founder of Jainism, meaning 'great one'; also known as Vardhamana9
Monad
a human soul10
Nigantha Nataputta
another name for Mahavira found in Buddhist literature11
Patna
a village near the site of Mahavira's death; one of the most holy places to Jains and hence the goal of pilgrimages12
Sadhu
a Jain monk13
Siddhanta
the sole body of Digambara Jain scripture14
Surabhi
In Jain mythology, the first cow; considered to be one of the original treasures to appear on earth15
Svetambara
means 'white-clad' and refers to those Jain monks who wear a white robe or loincloth16
Tirthankara
means 'ford-finder'. Mahavira is considered the twenty-fourth and last 'ford-finder' of this aeon. he, like the previous ones, found the way to gain release from the wheel and has shown this way to others17