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19 terms

Terrorism Background Paper

use of threat against civilians or properties, on behalf of individuals or organized groups not assigned to states
goal: obtain power by illicit means
Purpose of Terrorism
International Terrorism
-most complicated form of violence
-battleground extends beyond conflicted regions
-affect sovereignty of countries
faculty each state owns to exert its power on its system of government, its territory, and its population
Intl. Terrorism Principal Characteristics
-indiscriminate violence against civilians
-element of surprise
-creates terror and paralyzes action
-unnecessary suffering
-target most vulnerable areas
-cruelty against innocent hostages
-false nationalism
October 2, 2001
terrorism first defined by United Nations at General Assembly
Resolution 1373
-create Counter Terrorism Committee
-criminalize people/companies financing terrorists
-freeze funds
-deny financial aid to terrorist groups
-government sharer information
Resolution 1624
-prohibit by law terrorist acts
-cooperation international boarders security
-make effort to prevent discrimination of religions
General PV
-organizations create ways to act against terrorism
-reinforce boarders
-Main Challenge: deal with terrorism without invading sovereignty of others
method of action against terrorism: invade sovereignty of others
Iraq PV
-problems regarding sovereignty
-invaded by USA
Pakistan PV
-pakistan difficulty combating terrorism
-invaded by USA: damaged relation
India PV
integrity and sovereignty challanged
Darfur CS
-government of Sudan vs. Arab Janjaweed Militia
-local violence by ethnic and economic
-government responded, created terror
-terrorists attack government objectives
-sudanese government did not allow global cooperation
Columbia CS
-terrorist group originally military wing for communist party
-wealthy: receiving arms by selling cocaine and heroin
-operate mainly in Columbia as well as Venezuela, Ecuador and Panama
-bombings, murder, mortar attacks, kidnappings, extortion, hijacking, guerrilla and conventional military action against columbia
-tried negotiations: reduced attacks for a short period of time
Ireland CS
-IRA divided into PIRA to expel UK from northern Ireland
-believe violence key to free Ireland
-bombings, assassinations, kidnappings, punshiment beatings, extortion smuggling, and robberies
-cease fire brought end
Spain CS
-ETA (terrorist group)
-revolutionary marxist group: independence basque region of spain
-March 2004 attacks on commuter trains.. blamed ETA.. Al Qaeda responsible
-9/11 terrorist attacks (Al Qaeda)
-USA respond "war on terror" invaded Afghanistan
-Al Qaeda most powerful terrorist group
Afghanistan CS
-Al Qaeda: rid Muslim countries of Western influence and replace their governments with fundamentalist Islamic rule