31 terms

The Americans: Reconstruction to the 21st Century

Chapter 12, "Politics of the Roaring Twenties"
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US Attorney General A. Mitchell Palmer
Who Started the Palmer Raids in 1919?
J. Edgar Hoover
Who was Palmer's assistant?
Homes were invaded
People were jailed without a lawyer
Immigrants were deported without a trial
What civil rights were violated in the Palmer Raids?
Americans were afraid of the spread of communism
What was the Red Scare?
Communists in Russia, followers of Lenin, overthrew the czar.
International cause for Red Scare?
Communist Party was formed in America
Several bombs were mailed to US government
National causes for Red Scare?
Nativists wanted "America for Americans" - especially when jobs were scarce after the war
Limit immigration
What did Nativists want?
A law that limited immigration into the US.
What was the Emergency Quota Act of 1921?
Yes - immigration went way down.
Did the Emergency Quota Act work?
Eastern and southern Europeans (who were Roman Catholics and Jews) and the Japanese.
Who did the 1924 amendment to the Emergency Quota Act discriminate against?
When the major powers of the world agreed to not make war ships for at least 10 years.
What was the Kellogg-Briand Pact?
The automobile - people could live far away from their jobs, so cities spread out.
What caused urban sprawl?
A 60% tax on foreign imports, to protect American businesses.
What was the Fordney-McCumber Tariff of 1922?
America loaned Germany money so Germany could pay France and England back after the war. Then France and England could pay America back for the war.
What was the Dawes Plan?
It declined due to nationalism
Why did union membership decline in the 1920's?
Private owners making the profit over business.
What is capitalism?
Belief that the people should own or regulate the market.
What is socialism?
belief that the people should control everything (against government)
What is communism?
Two italians that were convicted and murdered because one eye witness said two italians robbed and killed two men.
Who were Sacco and Vanzetti?
When one of hardings assistants stole gas from the military and gave it to oil companies to make a profit.
What was the Tea Pot Dome scandal?
Albert B. Fall
Who was involved in the Tea Pot Dome scandal?
Group of racists that wanted to but blacks in their place and get rid of immigrants.
What was the Ku Klux Klan?
Because there was a lot of nationalism in the u.s. at the time and this meant more people angry at immigrants.
Why did the KKK flourish in the 1920's?
The companies tried to make their workers seem like communists in response to the strikes.
What did the US Steel Corporation do to try to break the workers' strike?
They accomplished less working hours for their workers, and a different age limit to working.
What did the Boston Police Strike, the Coal Miners' strike, and John Lewis accomplish?
Because there was to much overproduction they couldn't sell their crops for what they had cost to make them.
Why were farmers worse off in the 1920's?
They hated it.
What was the attitude of big business toward Communism?
Because of the installment plans, people thought they had more money than they really did, the division in pay between workers and owners became more diverse.
Why were the 1920's the era of "superficial prosperity"?
The installment plan
What was the new arrangement called where people paid for something little by little over time?
Yes.
Were important industries doing well during the 1920's?
To return to a time before the progressive era.
What did President Harding's phrase "return to normalcy" mean?