Poetic Devices

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Alliteration
The deliberate repetition of consonant sounds
Assonance
Deliberate repetition of identical or similar vowel sounds
Apostrophe
An address to a person absent or dead or to an abstract entity
Diction
Poet's distinctive choices in vocabulary
Echo
Repetition of key word or idea for effect
Hyperbole
Exaggeration for dramatic effect
Metaphor
A comparison not using as or like when one thing is said to be another
Onomatopoeia
"Sound echoing sense"; use of words resembling the sounds they mean
Oxymoron
A seeming contradiction in two words put together
Paradox
Seeming contradiction that surprises by its truth
Personification
Attribution of human motives or behaviors to impersonal agencies
Rhyming couplet
A pair of lines which end-rhyme expressing one clear thought
Rhyme
Repetition of same sounds
Rhythm
Internal 'feel' of beat and meter perceived when poetry is read aloud
Simile
A comparison using "as" or "like"
Tone, mood
Feelings or meanings conveyed in the poem