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The best definition of republican, as it was understood in the late 1700s, was

a government without monarchy or aristocracy

The most obvious contradiction to the principles expressed in the founding of the American republic wast

the continued existence of slavery in much of th nation

With respect to women, the political ideology of the American Revolution

caused them to be more assertive about their roles in the family

Which of the following was NOT typical of the post-revolutionary state constitutions?

that they claimed the people at large as the basis of politcal authority

Which of the following was NOT a criticism of American government under the Articles of Confederation?

that it gave too much power to a central government

The most important accomplishment of Congress under the Articles of Confederation was its

passage of ordinances organizing the Northwest Territory.

The most brilliant American political theorist of the post-revolutionary period was

James Madison

Shays' Rebellion involved

discontented farmers in Massachusetts

The compromise which resolved the dispute between the large and the small states included each of the following EXCEPT

all bills pertaining to taxation or spending would begin in the upper house.

Federalists can be closely associated with

the idea of a strong central government.

The passage of which act created the federal court system?

Judiciary Act of 1789

Which of the following was NOT a Hamiltonian idea?

France was the United States' most important ally.

The Bank of the United States was based on the doctrine of

implied powers

Which treaty gave the United States access to the Mississippi River and New Orleans for trade?

Pinckney's Treaty

Washington believed that the Whiskey Rebellion

presented a direct threat to the nation.

AEach of the following is true of the election of 1800 EXCEPT

the electoral college chose THomas Jefferson to be the third president

Upon arriving in the West, many settlers

tried to transplant their eastern customs, had to adapt to a new environment, were able to generate distinctive folkways, depended on water transportation.

Under his direction, the United States took its first steps into the factory system

Samuel Slater

The decision in Marbury v. Madison was the first time the Supreme Court

asserted its right to judge the constitutionality of congressional acts.

At the Battle of New Orleans,

British forces were defeated by Andrew Jackson and his troops.

For many Americans, the main appeal of the Enlightenment was its focus on

searching for useful, practical knowledge

The shifting patterns of eighteenth-century colonial trade helped to

"anglicize" American culture.

The Great Awakening

took place in many regions of the colonies, over several decades of the eighteenth century.

Which of the following was NOT an important effect of the Great Awakening?

It strengthened the authority of the old colonial religions.

By the mid-1700s, the colonial assemblies

were gaining steadily in power.

One of the most important factors binding Americans from different colonies into a single political culture was

the English common law

What did the Great Awakening, intercolonial trade, and the rise of the colonial assemblies have in common?

They all contributed to a growing sense of shared identity.

Which of the following was NOT a consequence of the Seven Years' War?

t led to the creation of several new English colonies.

The central issue in the Anglo-American debate over governance was

parliamentary sovereignty

Central to the colonists' position in the Anglo-American debate over parliamentary powers was

their strong belief in the powers of their own provincial assemblies.

The English political philosopher most often cited by American rebels was

John Locke

Which of the following prohibited colonial settlement west of the Appalachian Mountains?

Proclamation of 1763

The Stamp Act of 1765 affected

the lives of ordinary people, as well as those of the elite

Which of the following stated Parliament's belief in its own sovereignty?

Declaratory Acts

The fundamental issue leading to the Boston Massacre in 1770 was the

presence of so many British troops in American cities

England passed the Coercive Acts in response to

the Boston Tea Party

Common Sense

provided the colonists with a rationale for revolution

The American victory that brought about the French alliance occurred at


The Treaty of Paris of 1783

guaranteed the independence of the United States

Three migratory streams of people travled from Asia to North America. The first occurred around 13,000 B.C. to 7000 B.C., the second occurred around 6000 B.C., and the third occurred

3000 B.C.

The first people who migrated to the Americas

were band of hunter-gathers

Cahokia was

a significant Mississippian city with more than one hundred temple mounds

The Aztecs lived in present-day


The Mayan peoples of Mesoamerica

devised a calendar system that predicted solar and lunar eclipses accurately.

Before the Europeans made significant contact with West Africa,

slaves were sometimes sold into bondage by their families

In October 1492, Columbus, his men, and his ships reached

an island in the Bahamas.

In 1450, most Western Europe inhabitants were


Early European contact with West Africa

stimulated West African trade networks in metals and other goods.

The European trade in African slaves was initiated in the fifteenth century by


The reconquista led by Ferdinand and Isabel

expelled Muslims from Spain.

The number of Indians living in Mesoamerica declined from about 30 million in the 15th century to approximately 3 million by 1650 because

disease carried by Europeans decimated most Indian tribes who came into contact with Europeans.

King Henry VIII initiated the English Reformation by

declaring himself supreme head of the Church of England but making few changes in traditional religious dogma, organization or ritual.

The monarchs who financed Columbus's voyages to the Americas were

King Ferdinand of Argon and Queen Isabel of Castile

The transfer of plants and animals to the Americas from Europe and Africa and vice versa

Columbian Exchange

In 1588, Philip II sent the Spanish ________, a fleet of 130 ships, to attack England


The Aztec capital, ______, occupied the site of present-day __________.

Tenochtitlan, Mexico City

Not a factor that stimulated English migration to the New World

rapid popluation growth

To resolve the problem of the vast expenses New World settlement required, English merchant-capitalists introduced the concept of

the joint-stock company.

In 1618, the Virginia colonists were allowed to elect a representative assembly known as

House of Burgesses.

Indentured servants

were working off the cost of their passage to America.

Lord Baltimore's settlement in Maryland

never succeeded in becoming a feudal society.

Unlike their souther counterparts, the first Englishmen who established colonies in New England were

religious refugees

The document in which the Pilgrams established a civil government for their Plymouth colony has become known as the

Mayflower Compact.

In 1636, authorities in Massachusetts Bay banished Roger Williams because

of his defense of Native American rights and demand for separation of church and state.

17th century Quakers were known for their

belief in personal humility and pacifism.

The main staple of the Carolina colonies; economy by the close to the 17th century was


The character of the first English settlements in the New World

differed substantially from colony to colony from the very beginning of colonization.

About what percent of white colonists that arrived in Virginia and Maryland in the 1600's were indentured servants?


By the end of the 17th century, Virginia could best be describes as

a plantation society, dominated by a slaveholding aristocracy.

The 18th century population of the lowlands of South Carolina was ______ percent.


The most serious slave rebellion of the colonial period was

the Stono Uprising.

British authorities based their colonia commercial policies on the theory of


The intention of the Navigation Acts was to

allow England to monopolize American trade.

One of the major cause of _______ was the disfranchisement of landless freemen by the Virginia House of Burgesses in 1670.

Bacon's Rebellion

Which of the following was NOT a possible cause of the Salem witchcraft hysteria?

Salem's history of engaging in occult practices.

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