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World Geography Chapters 9-11: Latin America
Terms in this set (38)
n. the variety of organisms within an ecosystem.
n. the cutting down and clearing away of trees and forests.
n. the buildup of carbon dioxide in the atmosphere, preventing heat from escaping into space and causing rising temperatures and shifting weather patterns.
n. a debt-reducing deal wherein an organization agrees to pay off a certain amount of government debt in return for government protection of a certain portion of rain forest.
n. a government run by a few persons or a small group.
n. a government run by generals after a military takeover.
n. a military dictator or political boss.
n. the process of breaking up large landholdings to attain a more balanced land distribution among farmers.
n. the conquering of the Native Americans by the Spanish.
n. the ancient Aztec capital, site of Mexico City today.
Institutional Revolutionary Party (PRI)
n. the political party introduced in 1929 to Mexico that helped to introduce democracy and maintain political stability for much of the 20th century.
n. a factory in Mexico that assembles imported materials into finished goods for export.
n. an important trade agreement creating a hug zone of cooperation on trade and economic issues in North America.
n. the heartland or place of origin of a major culture; a site of innovation from which basic ideas, materials, and technology diffuse to other cultures.
United Provinces of Central America
n. the name of Central America after the region declared independence from Mexico on 1823.
n. a ship canal cut through Panama connecting the Caribbean Sea with the Pacific Ocean.
n. a style of music that began in Trinidad and combines musical elements form Africa, Spain, and the Caribbean.
n. a style of music that developed in Jamaica in the 1960s and is rooted in African, Caribbean, and American music, often dealing with social problems and religion.
n. a member of the Quechen people of South America who built a civilization in the Andes Mountains in the 15th and 16th centuries.
n. the language of the Inca Empire, now spoken in the Andes highlands.
n. A customs union between Argentina, Brazil, Paraguay, and Uruguay, which came into effect in January 1995.
Treaty of Tordesillas
n. a treaty between Spain and Portugal in 1494 that gave Portugal control over the land that is present-day Brazil.
n. the most colorful feast day in Brazil.
n. A Brazilian dance with African influences.
n. a martial art and dance that developed in Brazil from Angolans who were taken there by the Portuguese from Africa.
n. a large system of mountain ranges located along the Pacific coast of Central and South America.
n. a large, grassy, treeless area in South America, used for grazing and farming.
n. a savanna that has flat terrain and moderate rainfall, which make it suitable for farming.
n. a vast area of grassland and rich soil in south-central South America.
n. a river mainly in Venezuela and part of South America's northernmost river system.
n. the second longest river in the world, and one of South America's three major river systems, running about 4,00 miles from west to east, and emptying into the Atlantic Ocean.
n. a river in central South America and one of its three major river systems, originating in the highlands of southern Brazil, traveling about 3,000 miles south and west.
n. a forest region located in the Tropical Zone with a heavy concentration of different species of broadleaf trees.
adj. a way of clearing fields for planting by cutting trees, brush and grasses and burning them.
n. an ancient technique for growing crops on hillsides or mountain slopes, using step-like horizontal fields cut into the slopes.
n. a factor that causes people to leave their homelands and migrate to another region.
n. a factor that draws or attracts people to another location.
n. the basic support systems needed to keep an economy going, including power, communications, transportation, water, sanitation, and education systems.
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