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45 terms

Computer Vocabulary

STUDY
PLAY
Access
To get at or into
Application
A computer program that does a user orrientated job
Calculate
To figure as to add, subtract, multiply, and so on
Character
A single letter, digit, or a special symbol
Chip
An intergrated circiut
Command
message from the user to the computer that tells it what to do next
Compatible
A term that describes hardware and software that can work together
Computer
A device used to accept, process, store, and get information
Cursor
A symbol sauch as a sqaure or underline bar that shows where you are on the screen
Data
The symbols used to represent facts, events, or things
Data Processing
A set of methods for collecting, handleing, and outputing data to reach certain goals
Disk
A flat circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material used to store data
Disk Drive
The device used to store data on a disk and to read what is stored on a disk
Expansion slot
A connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circuit boards and daughter boards to the mother board
Floppy Disk
A reusable magnetic storage medium that uses a thin mylar circular disk as the storage surface
Hard Copy
Output that is printed on paper
Hardware
The physical parts that make up a computer system-for example Keyboards, printers,and so on
Information
Acess to data
Input
The step in the data processing flow which data is collectedand entered into the computer
Intergrated circuit
Circuitry whose parts are etched together on a small silicon chip less than one-fourth of an inch sqaure
Keyboard
An input device that usally has keys like those on a typewriter
Kilobyte
1,024 storage units often rounded to 1,000 to measure a computers memory
Load
To put a programinto a computers primary memory from a disk or tape
Megahertz
A measure of speed, one million cycles per second
Memory
A place to store information;usallycoded in a binary format
Menu
A list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command or data to enter into the computer
Microcomputer
A complete computer that has relativiteyfew electronic parts and periphreal devices
Monitor
A video display deviceor screen used for showing output
Motherboard
The main circuit board of a computer housing the microprocesser and providing the means of connecting all the componets that make up the computer
Mouse
An input device that is rolled on a smooth surface to move the cursor
Output
The step in the data processing flow in which information comes from a computer as a result of processing
Peripheral device
A device that is attached to the computerand aids in input and/or output
Primary Memory
The section of the computerthat holds instuctions, data, and intermidiate and final results during processing
Printer
A machine that prints characters or other images on paper
Processing
The second step of the data processing flow in which the computer acts on data
Program
A set of step by step instuctions that tell a computerexactly how to do a certain task
Programming Language
a code in which a computer program is written
RAM
Form of primary memory in which instructions and data can be read,written, or erased
Read
Term used to describe the computers activityof getting an item in memory and interpriting it
ROM
Form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input
Scanner
A machine that changes images from paper or photos into digital form that the computer can use
Secondary storage
All storage materials other than primary memory
Simulation
A computer program thatimatates a real world situation
Soft copy
A temporary display of output seen on a monitor
Software
Programs, or instructions, that tell a computer exactly what to do