26 terms

AP Poetry Term List 4

Structure AND Form
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Aubade
a poem about dawn; a morning love song; or a poem about the parting of lovers at dawn
Ballad
a simple narrative poem, often incorporating dialogue that is written in quatrains, generally with a rhyme scheme of A B C D.
Caesura
a break or pause within a line of poetry indicated by punctuation and used to emphasize meaning.
Couplet
two lines of rhyming poetry; often used by Shakespeare to conclude a scene or an important passage
Elegy
a poem that laments the dead or a loss.
Enjambment
a technique in poetry that involves the running on of a line or stanza. It enables the poem to move and to develop coherence as well as directing the reader with regard to form and meaning.
Epic
a lengthy, elevated poem that celebrates the exploits of a hero.
Epigram
a brief witty poem. Pope often utilizes this form for satiric commentary.
Form
the shape or structure of a literary work
Free Verse
poetry without a defined form, meter, or rhyme scheme
Idyll
a type of lyric poem which extols the virtues of an ideal place or time
Lyric Poetry
a type of poetry characterized by emotion, personal feelings, and brevity; a large and inclusive category of poetry that exhibits rhyme, meter, and reflective thought.
Metaphysical Poetry
refers to the work of poets like John Donne who explore highly complex, philosophical ideas through extended metaphors and paradox.
Narrative Poem
a poem that tells a story
Octave
an eight-line stanza, usually combined with a sestet in a Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet
Ode
a formal, lengthy poem that celebrates a particular subject
Quatrain
a four-line stanza
Sestet
a six-line stanza, usually paired with an octave to form a Petrarchan (Italian) sonnet
Sestina
a highly structured poetic form of 39 lines, written in iambic pentameter. It depends upon the repetition of six words from the first stanza in each of six stanzas.
Sonnet
a 14-line poem with a prescribed rhyme scheme in iambic pentameter.
Stanza
a unit of a poem, similar in rhyme, meter, and length to other units in the poem.
Tercet
a three-line stanza
Villanelle
a highly structured poetic form that comprises six stanzas: five tercets, and a quatrain. The poem repeats the first and third lines throughout.
Haiku
a major form of Japanese verse, written in 17 syllables divided into 3 lines of 5, 7, and 5 syllables, and employing highly evocative allusions and comparisons, often on the subject of nature or one of the seasons.
Cinquain
a short poem consisting of five, usually unrhymed lines containing, respectively, two, four, six, eight, and two syllables.
Tanka
Japanese poetry of five lines, the first and third lines composed of five syllables, the rest seven