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MWD 2.01 Graphic Image Design
Terms in this set (34)
Anything on a page that is not actual text, from simple line drawings to fully active images found on the World Wide Web.
Refers to the number of colors (bits) per pixel that can be displayed on a computer screen (1-bit, 8-bit, 16-bit, 24-bit)
Refers to how an image is stored (saved) in order to reduce the file size.
No data is lost during compression.
Some data is lost during compression.
Ease at which files are opened, modified, and viewed across operating systems, software and browsers
Allows the background color of an image to be replaced or changed so that the graphic can blend into the background without having a white box around it.
Also called bitmap graphics, images composed of grids of pixels that have a fixed resolution (number of pixels per inch) and cannot be resized without losing image quality
raster graphics are edited in these programs
Meta format; Can be used on raster or vector graphics. *EPS extension.
Graphic Interchange Format: Standard format on web for animation. Lossless compression. Supports transparency. Supports up to 256 colors.
Joint Photographic Experts Group: Lossy compression; 16 M colors; High quality; large file size. Destop Publishing images, scanned images, emailing photos, digital camera photos.
Bitmap: Lossless (uncompressed); Large file size; not well suited for transfer across the Internet or print publications. Used for creating icons, wallpaper.
Portable Network Graphics: Supports streaming; Supports transparency; Lossless compression; Not suited for photographs; Widely supported by web browsers and image viewers/editors. Replace GIF and TIFF images; Online viewing of images and websites
Available in compressed and uncompressed formats, Compressed is advised; To store raw bitmap data by some programs and devices such as scanners; High resolution printing. Does not support animation or transparency.
Composed of mathematical formulas that define lines, nodes (drawing points) and curves of digital images; can be 2D or 3D; edited in draw programs
Regardless of how much the image is enlarged or reduced, the image definition and quality remain the same
Industry standard used by developers of vector graphics; Used to create, save, and archive original artwork. *.AI file extension.
Commons Vector File Formats
AI-Adobe Illustrator; CDR-Corel Draw; DXF-AutoCAD; EPS-Encapsulated Postscript (meta graphic); SVG-Scalable Vector Grpahics; WMF-Windows Metafile (common for clipart)
Premade graphics that are available online and in may software packages; can be either vector or raster.
raster images that contain millions of colors
computer created drawing or painting; may be either raster or vector.
the amount of detail stored for an image. Measured in pixels per inch or dots per inch.
pixels per inch. Used to describe the resolution of images on a computer monitor.
dots per inch. Used to describe the resolution of printed images.
relationship of an object's width to its height
Copying part of an image and using it to replace unwanted parts of an image.
removing a part of ann image
used to apply special effects to an image
filling an object with a smooth transition from one color to another.
compiling multiple pictures of objects together into one image
Patterns and Textures
raster graphics used to fill a background of an image
pivoting an object around its center point
removing the background color of a raster image making it "see-through" in order to allow the image to blend in with its background.
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