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Terms in this set (25)
The Republican Party, commonly referred to as the GOP, is one of the two major contemporary political parties in the United States
Tea Party Republican
an American political movement known for its conservative positions and its role in the Republican Party. Members have called for a reduction of the U.S. national debt and federal budget deficit by reducing government spending.
Supreme Court terms and why they serve for so long
justices shouldn't need to fear for their jobs every time they make a decision that might be unpopular, even if it's in the country's interests long term, because most judges won't have the nerve to do what's right
is the power claimed by the President of the United States and other members of the executive branch to resist certain subpoenas and other interventions by the legislative and judicial branches of government to access information and personnel relating to the executive branch.
have the full force of law when they take authority from a legislative power which grants its power directly to the Executive by the Constitution, or are made pursuant to Acts of Congress that explicitly delegate to the President some degree of discretionary power (delegated legislation).
an international agreement, usually regarding routine administrative matters not warranting a formal treaty, made by the executive branch of the US government without ratification by the Senate.
Supreme Court Appointments
Supreme Court justices, court of appeals judges, and district court judges are nominated by the President and confirmed by the United States Senate, as stated in the Constitution.
is a motion or process in parliamentary procedure aimed at bringing debate to a quick end
manipulate the boundaries of (an electoral constituency) so as to favor one party or class.
an additional provision added to a bill or other measure under the consideration by a legislature, having little connection with the subject matter of the bill.
a political philosophy that upholds liberty as its principal objective. seek to maximize autonomy and freedom of choice, emphasizing political freedom, voluntary association, and the primacy of individual judgment.
right-wing Christian political factions that are characterized by their strong support of socially conservative policies
when judges substitute their own political opinions for the applicable law, or when judges act like a legislature (legislating from the bench) rather than like a traditional court.
a theory of judicial interpretation that encourages judges to limit the exercise of their own power. It asserts that judges should hesitate to strike down laws unless they are obviously unconstitutional
Obergefell v. Hodges
A case in which the Court held that the Fourteenth Amendment requires states to license and recognize same-sex marriage.
are permanent legislative panels established by the United States House of Representatives and United States Senate rules.
The amendment addresses citizenship rights and equal protection of the laws, and was proposed in response to issues related to former slaves following the American Civil War.
Free Exercise Clause
reserves the right of American citizens to accept any religious belief and engage in religious rituals.
an action such as a prolonged speech that obstructs progress in a legislative assembly while not technically contravening the required procedures.
a limitation placed upon the United States Congress preventing it from passing legislation respecting an establishment of religion.
House of representatives
makes and passes federal laws. The number of representatives with full voting rights is 435, The number of representatives per state is proportionate to population.
The number of members per state remains at two and the total number only changes when a new state is admitted into the union. (total of 100 members)
Speaker of the House
serves as the presiding officer of the U.S. House of Representatives. The Speaker fulfills several roles, including representing constituents as a Member of Congress, acting as administrative head of the House, and serving as leader of the majority political party in the House. The current speaker is John Boehner, the majority whip is Kevin McCarthy
means that any right not forbidden in the Constitution is granted to U.S. citizens. Alexander Hamilton believed in interpreting the Constitution in this way
refers to a particular legal philosophy of judicial interpretation that limits or restricts interpretation of the constitution. Thomas Jefferson believed in interpreting the Constitution in this way
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