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grassy plains

Bantu migrations

West African farmers and herders migrated to the south and east between 1000BC & AD1000

Trans-Saharan Trade


Kingdom of Ghana

the Soninke people were about to unite many farming villages and create this kingdom

Kingdom of Mali

greatest ruler was Mansa Musa


a sick boy said to be to weak to be a threat...found empire of Mali

Mansa Musa

"greatest ruler of kingdom of Mali"



Kingdom of Songhai



extended from the mountains of present-day Ethiopia to the shores of the Red Sea in present-day Eritrea


term Greeks used for region

Swahili city-states


Great Zimbabwe

Massive stone ruins

Triangular Trade


Middle Passage


Ship-to-Shore Trading


Factory Forts


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