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53 terms

unit 6 test

STUDY
PLAY
annexation
to join a new territory to an existing country
imperialism
stronger nations attempt to create empires by dominating weaker nations
jingoism
intense burst of national pride and the desire for an aggressive foreign policy
racism
a belief that differences in character or intelligence are due to one's race.
dollar diplomacy
Taft; policy of encouraging American investment in foreign economies.
big stick diplomacy
Roosevelt's plan.
Roosevelt Corollary
President Roosevelt's 1904 extension of the Monroe Doctrine; asserted the right of the US to intervene in the affairs of Latin American nations
Open Door Policy
American approach to China around 1900, favoring open trade relations between China and other nations.
Panama Canal
French gets rights to build Canal (cut shipping time in half); T. Roosevelt becomes president; Congress offers to buy rights from France for $40 mil; US backed Panamanian Rebellion begins; US gets land for 10 mil; construction begins and opens in 1914.
Theodore Roosevelt
Former President; adds to Monroe Doctrine; supporter of big stick diplomacy; starts progressive party (BULL MOOSE)
nationalism
US competing for territory markets and materials with other Euro. nations.
arbitration
settlement of a dispute by a person or panel chosen to listen to both sides and come to a decision.
expansionism
expanding U.S.'s interests in other society's or countries
Platt Amendment
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
William Taft
TR's secretary of war, passes Payne-Acdricih tariff, fires Pinchot.
Sanford Dole
Business man; leads armed rebellion.
Perry
sails to Tokyo Harbor
Queen Liliuokalani
opposes US; Hawaii annexed in 1898
Progressivism
not one single movement but many people working to improve society; 4 categories: social, moral, economic, and political.
muckraker
journalist who uncovers wrongdoing in politics/ business
injunction
court order prohibiting a certain activity
municipal
relating back to city level
holding company
firm that buys stocks and bonds of smaller companies; TR's Northern Securities -- 42 anti-trust actions
conservationist
person who favors the protection of natural resources
"new nationalism"
Theodore R's plan for greater federal regulation of business and workplaces, income and inheritance taxes, electoral reforms.
Bull Moose Party
Progressive Party; TR; tariff reductions, women suffrage, more regulation of business; supported by many women.
Federal Reserve System
Nation's central banking system; 1913; divided country into 12 districts, central banks for each region
Civil Disobedience
Non-violent refusal to obey a law in an effort to change that law.; during war- couldn't criticize government or go against the war and its motives.
suffrage
right to vote
Upton Sinclair
1906's The Jungle--food industry conditions and conditions of workers
Florence Kelly
joined Hull House; gets law degree, helps to end child labor
Mother Jones
organizes miners' strike; founding member of IWW
Woodrow Wilson
president during WW1, declares War on Germany
Elizabeth Cady Stanton
fought for Women's suffrage
Imperialism
stronger nations attempt to create an empire by dominating weaker nations; grows from economic, nationalistic, military, and humanitarian factors. (France and Britain already ahead of game)
Nationalism
when countries such as great powers act in their own national interest; devotion to one's nation.
Militarism
aggressively building a nation using armed forces
Central Powers
Germany, Austria-Hungary
Allies
Russia, France, Serbia, Britain
Stalemate
situation in which neither side in a conflict is able to gain the advantage
U- Boat
submarines, hunt in packs, go after military and merchant ships
Zimmerman Note
Secret letter from Germany to Mexico; mediate relations with Japan and to help them win back old territories from US
American Expeditionary Force
name given to American troops in WW1
Convoy
group of unarmed ships surrounded by a ring of armed naval bases.
Liberty Bond
special war bond sold by the government to support Allied cause
Sedition
speech or action that encourages rebellion.
civil liberties
citizen's personal liberties guaranteed by law
Armistice
a cease-fire of truce.
Archduke Ferdinand
shot by someone against his ideas
Pershing
orders counter offensive towards German's attempt to break stalemate
How does racism relate to imperialism and anti-imperialism?
Leaders drew on the idea of social Darwinism and the fact that there race was superior to justify new territories.
ex: Native Americans
How did progressivism affect the role of the federal gov't?
Government was expected to :
be accountable for the people
control power of wealthy
expand to help people
be more efficient/ less corrupt
How did civil liberties restrict the war?
illegal to obstruct the sale of Liberty Bonds, or to discuss anything "disloyal or abusive" about government, the Constitution, or army.