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46 terms

Computer App Vocab

Vocabular
STUDY
PLAY
Access
To get at or into.
Application
A computer program that does a user-oriented job.
Calculate
To figure
Character
A single letter, digit, or special symbol
Chip
An intergrated circuit
Command
A message from the user to the computer
Compatible
A term that describes hardware and software that can work together
Computer
A device used to accept, process, store, and get information
cursor
A symbol, such as a square or unerline bar, that shows where you are on the screen the cursor may flash or blink
Data
The symbols used to represent facts, events, or things; the raw material of information
Data Processing
A set of methods for collecting, handling, and outputting data to reach certain goals.
Disk
A flat, circular piece of metal or plastic coated with magnetic material and used for storing data.
disk drive
The device used to store data on a disk and to read what is sotred on a disk.
Expansion slot
A connector inside a computer designed to allow a user to add printed circuit boards-----daughter boards----to the motherboard
Floppy Disk
A reusable magnetic storage medium that uses a thin mylar circular disk as the storage surface
hard copy
Output that is printed on paper.
Hardware
The pysical parts that make up a computer system for example, keyboards, printers, monitors
Information
A set of data that has meaning and is useful
Input
the step in the data processing flow during which data is collected and entered into the computer
Intergrated Circuit
Circuitry whose parts are etched together on a small silicon chip less than one-fourth of an inch square
Keyboard
An input device that usually has keys like on a typewriter
kilobyte
storage units
Load
Top put a program into a computers primary memory from a disk or tape
Megaherts
A measure of speed, one million cycles per second
Memory
A place to store information usually coded in a binary format
Menu
A list of choices shown on the screen from which the user picks a command or data to enter into the computer
Microcomputer
A complete computer that has relatively few electronic parts and peripheral devices
Monitor
A video displat device or screen used for showing output
Motherboard
The main circuit board of a computer housing the micropprcessor and providing the means of connecting all the compenents that make up the computer
Mouse
An input device that is rolled on a smooth surface to much the cursor.
Output
The step in the data processing flow in which information comes from a comptuer as a result of processing
peripheral device
A device that is attached to the computer and aids in input and/or ouput..
Primary Memory
The section of a computer that holds instructions data, and intermediate and final results during processing; also known as internal storage, main storage, primary storage, or random access memory
printer
A machine that prints characters or other images on paper..
Processing
The seconds step of the data processing flow in which the computer acts on data.
program
A set of step-bystep instructions that tell a computer exactly how to do a certain task.
Programming language
A code in which a computer program is written
Random Access Memory
Form of primary memory in which instructions and data can be read, written or erased
read
Term used to describe the computers activity of getting an item in memory and interpreting it
Read Only Memory
Form of primary memory that holds items that can be read but not erased or changed by normal computer input
Scanner
A machine that changes images from paper or photos into digital form that the computer can use.
Secondary storage
All storage materials other than primary memory
Simulation
A cmpuler program that imitates a real world situationl it can show what happens when conditions in that situation are changed.
Soft Copy
A temporary display of output seen on a monitor
software
Programs of instruction, that tell a computer exactly what to do
Storage
The idea that programs can be stored in a computers primary memory and can be changed electronically rather than by resetting switches and rewiring the computer