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Terms in this set (30)
to absorb fully or make one's own; to adopt as one's own; to adapt fully
America was becoming a strong nation and lots of people wanted to be apart of it. America was expanding and becoming richer.
neighborhood centers in poor areas that offered education, recreation, and social activities
the founder of Hull House, which provided English lessons for immigrants, daycare's, and child care classes
reformer who worked to prohibit child labor and to improve conditions for female workers
Hostility toward immigrants
American Protective Association
An organization created by nativists in 1887 that campaigned for laws to restrict immigration
United States architect known for his steel framed skyscrapers and for coining the phrase 'form follows function' (1856-1924)
English naturalist. He studied the plants and animals of South America and the Pacific islands, and in his book On the Origin of Species by Means of Natural Selection (1859) set forth his theory of evolution.
Booker T. Washington
African American progressive who supported segregation and demanded that African American better themselves individually to achieve equality.
WEB Du Bois
fought for African American rights. Helped to found Niagra Movement in 1905 to fight for and establish equal rights. This movement later led to the establishment of the NAACP
National Association for the Advancement of Colored People, founded in 1909 to abolish segregation and discrimination, to oppose racism and to gain civil rights for African Americans, got Supreme Court to declare grandfather clause unconstitutional
Morrill act of 1862
This Act was to encourage more settlers into the Great Plains (passed along with the Homestead Act of 1862). The Act set aside land and provided money for agricultural college which allowed, eventually, for agricultural to become industrialized
Hungarian-born journalistic tycoon who lead the techniques of sensationalism, especially with his New York World. Published the first comic, the Yellow Kid.
Ida B Wells
the lynching of blacks outraged her, an African American journalist. in her newspaper, free speech, wells urged African Americans to protest the lynchings. she called for a boycott of segregated street cars and white owned stores. she spoke out despite threats to her life.
the period from 1920 to 1933 when the sale of alcoholic beverages was prohibited in the United States by a constitutional amendment
Area in the Wyoming territory where a treaty was signed by United States and the Lakota nation, Yanktonai Sioux, Santee Sioux, and Arapaho in 1868 guaranteeing to the Lakota ownership of the Black Hills, and further land and hunting rights in South Dakota, Wyoming, and Montana. The Powder River Country was to be henceforth closed to all whites. The treaty ended Red Cloud's War.
United States general who was killed along with all his command by the Sioux at the battle of Little Bighorn (1839-1876)
Dawes Severity Act of 1887
Dissolved tribes as legal entities; Wiped out tribal ownership of land; Individual Indian family heads got 160 acres to farm; If they behaved themselves and became good 'white' men they would get to keep the land and citizenship; Were granted full American citizenship in 1925; Being an individual goes against Indian culture
Homestead Act of 1862
act that allowed a settler to acquire as much as 160 acres of land by living on it for 5 years, improving it, and paying a nominal fee of about $30 - instead of public land being sold primarily for revenue, it was now being given away to encourage a rapid filling of empty spaces and to provide a stimulus to the family farm, turned out to be a cruel hoax because the land given to the settlers usually had terrible soil and the weather included no precipitation, many farms were repo'd or failed until "dry farming" took root on the plains , then wheat, then massive irrigation projects
The Granger laws were a series of laws passed in western states of the United States after the American Civil War to regulate grain elevator and railroad freight rates and rebates and to address long- and short-haul discrimination and other railroad abuses against farmers. When several Granger laws were declared unconstitutional by the Supreme Court, the federal Interstate Commerce Act of 1887 was passed to secure the same reforms.
formed by farmers, wanted a reduced tariff, a graduated income tax, government control of the railroads, extension of the money supply (free silver), included Blacks (which hurt them)
Gold Standard Act of 1900
signed by McKinley. It stated that all paper money would be backed only by gold. This meant that the government had to hold gold in reserve in case people decided they wanted to trade in their money. Eliminated silver coins, but allowed paper Silver Certificates issued under the Bland-Allison Act to continue to circulate.
After decades of occasionally "twisting the lion's tail," American diplomats began to cultivate close, cordial relations with Great Britain at the end of the nineteenth century—a relationship that would intensify further during World War I.
One of the causes of the Spanish-American War (1898) - this was when newspaper publishers like Hearst and Pulitzer sensationalized news events (like the sinking of the Maine) to anger American public towards Spain.
The First United States Volunteer Calvary, a mixure of Ivy League athletes and western frontiermen, volunteered to fight in the Spanish-American War. Enlisted by Theodore Roosevelt, they won many battles in Florida and enlisted in the invasion army of Cuba.
Foraker Act of 1900
This act at the turn of the 20th century established a civilian government on Puerto Rico after it became U.S. property following the Spanish-American War. Foraker, of Ohio, was its sponsor. Established a governmental structure but is significant also because it did not guarantee internationally recognized US citizenship,
Allowed the United States to intervene in Cuba and gave the United States control of the naval base at Guantanamo Bay.
Big sister Policy
Aimed to rally the Latin American nations behind Uncle Sam's leadership and to open Latin American markets to Yankee traders
the policy of extending the rule or authority of an empire or nation over foreign countries, or of acquiring and holding colonies and dependencies.
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