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Chapter 4

Terms in this set (7)

DENTISTS

1. Dentists are the major providers of dental care
• To diagnose and treat problems related to the teeth, gums and tissues of the mouth
• Must have graduated from accredited dental school that awards a Doctor of Dental Surgery (DDS) or Doctor of Dental Medicine (DMD) degree and successful completion of both written and practical examinations

PHARMACISTS

1. Pharmacists dispense medicines prescribed by physicians, dentists, and podiatrists, and provide consultation on the proper selection and use of medicines
• Must have graduated from an accredited pharmacy program that awards a Bachelor of Pharmacy or Doctor of Pharmacy (PharmD) degree, successful completion of state board examination, and practical experience or completion of a supervised internship
NURSES

1. Constitute the largest group of health care professionals-> major caregivers of sick and injured patients, addressing their physical, mental, and emotional needs
2. Two basic levels of licensed nurses:
• RN (Registered Nurses)
a) Three avenues of RN education/preparation:- Associate degree (ADN) that takes 2-3 years and are offered by community and junior colleges, a diploma program that takes 2-3 years and are offered by hospitals, or a bachelor of science in nursing (BSN) degree that takes 4-5 years and are offered by colleges and universities
• LPN/LVNs (Licensed practical nurses)
a) complete a state-approved program in practical nursing and take a national written examination
b) nursing programs last about one year and include classroom study as well as supervised clinical practice
3. Advanced practice nurses (APNs):
• Have attained education and training beyond the RN level.
• Four main categories:
a) Clinical nurse specialists. Work in hospitals (vs home health, clinics, or nursing homes). Specialize in fields such as cardiac care, oncology, neonatal care, psychiatric care.
b) Certified Registered Nurse Anesthetists. Trained to manage anesthesia during surgery
c) Nurse Practitioners. Trained to provide primary care services, often independent of physicians
d) Certified Nurse Midwives. Deliver babies and man-age the care of mothers and newborns before, during, and after delivery
4. Nurses work in a variety of settings
• Hospitals, nursing homes, private practice, ambulatory care centers, community and migrant health centers, emergency medical centers, MCOs, work sites, government and private agencies, clinics, schools, retirement communities, rehabilitation centers, and as private-duty nurses in patient's homes