Sociology Chapter 5: Social Interaction
Terms in this set (24)
Used to refer to anything people are conscious of doing because of other people.
Involves two or more people taking one another into account.
Three elements when taken together define the CONTEXT of a social interaction:
1. The physical setting or place.
2. The social environmental.
3. The activities surrounding the interaction-preceding it, happening simultaneously with it, and coming after it.
Norms of social interaction
Specific rules of behavior, agreed upon and shared, that prescribe limits of acceptable behavior.
*Contribute to predictability of social behavior.
*The behaviors we most commonly expect to encounter.
The study of the sets of rules or guidelines that individuals use to initiate behavior, respond to behavior, and modify behavior in social settings.
*Raises awareness of subtle devices used to create realities to which we respond.
-People play roles to create an impression.
*Role performance is judged by others who are alert to any slips that might reveal the actor's true character.
-Perceive interactions as governed by planned behavior.
*Enables an individual to present a particular image to others.
Types of Social Interaction
Interaction without words via gestures and movement.
Examples: Waving your hand or a yawn
Doing something for each other with the express purpose of receiving a reward or return is an exchange interaction.
-Emotional or psychological
People acting together to promote common interests or achieve share goals.
*Student study groups
Conflict arises between groups when:
*Values are incompatible
*Rewards or resources are limited.
Conflict generally involves attempting to gain or use power.
A form of conflict enacted within agreed-upon rules.
Elements of Social Interaction
Socially defined positions that people occupy.
*Simultaneous, multiple statuses are common:
-May be ascribe or achieved
Dominate over other components of status
Conferred upon us through birth or other significant factors beyond our control and without intent.
Results of the individual's choices or actions
Example: student,professor,garage mechanic, parent, spouse
Bring statues to life through culturally defined rules for proper status performance and behavior.
-Are associated with every status
-May be multiple roles per status
Collective of all the roles attached to a single status
-Performance of specific role dependent on:
-Status of other person
-Social setting and circumstances
-Rights and obligations associated with statuses
Single role involves:
-Performer of role experience strain in balancing demands and expectations.
One individual occupies multiple statuses simultaneously.
-Unable to enact the roles of one status without violating those of another status.
Profound influence on attitudes and behaviors.
-Perception of self
Spontaneous social actions.
-Response to unstructured situations and ambiguous situations.
-Potential of powerful social response and exchange.
Collective Behavior at Play in Society
-Short life, abrupt rise and fall.
Fashions- standards of dress or manners.
-Longer life, slower evolution.
Rumors- ambiguity in truth and meaning
-Face-to-face or media sharing.
Public opinion- share belief about common problem, interest, or activity
-Strongly held and possibly divisive.
-Influenced by propaganda, advertising, leaders and leadership.
Mass Hysteria and Panic
-Hysteria-overwhelming emotion and activity.
-Panic- uncoordinated group flight from perceived danger.