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the reason people do what they do


to examine or look over with care various dimensions of a challenging situation so that overlooked aspects can come to light
--- look over with care

basic elements of morality

the desire for moral growth, the use of critical thinking and creativity, the practice of virtue and theexercise of conscience

overview of the process

fact finding and analysis through use of the "reality-releaving" questions,discernment and prayerful decision

the 3 sources of morality

the object = the act itself
the intention = your motive or why
the circumstances = relevant conditions that affect the seriousness of the act or increase/decrease a person's responsibility

the rules of the 3 sources of morality

all 3 sources must be good for an action to be morally good and if any one is bad then the whole action is morally bad

'Intrinsically evil"

actions that are never morally good under any circumstances
---- torture and abortion


[AKA - categorical] considered moral laws and principles before acting.
---- asks: what are my obligations or what is the (moral) law
Does Not focus on consequences

The 7 Reality-Revealing Questions

What? Who? How? Why? When and Where? What if I do this? What else can I do?


What is going on here and what is the reality that is happening?
---- get the facts


Who does the action and who is affected by the action?
---- your emotional state


The "means" or method by which I accomplish something


my intention, motive, or reason for doing something

When and Where?

relevant circumstances that make a difference

What if I do this?

considers possible consequences

What else can I do?

considers possible alternatives before acting

5 Factors included in the "WHO" questions

- cultural differences
- age and gender differences
- differences in social status
- relationship differences
- job and professional defferences

example - playing music loudly at midnight


Decide ___ yourself, not ___yourself.

for / not by

Goal of Decision-making: make ____ judgments that we can

the best

What can lead us to truth the we might otherwise miss?


Means that we consider to be important


Deontology first asks, "What is my ___?"


Consult the ___ for the wisdom of the faith


Approach to morality: what happens if I do this?


What else? =


Think of effects because actions have ___.


Deontology first considers principles, standards and ___.


Catechism: the ___ does not justify the means


Through our decision we are ___ who we are.


Intrinsically ___ acts can never be done.


Catechism: may not do evil so that ___ may result.


The Moral Decision Making Process (3stages)

1. Get the facts
2. The process of moral discernment
3. judgment guided by prayer

Stage one of the moral decision making process

Get the Facts: morality is based on reality. ask the reality-revealing questions to uncover as much of the reality of the situation is possible.

Stage two of the moral decision making process

The Process of Moral Discernment: assistance to help us evaluate out choices. Decide for yourself, not by yourself.

Stage Three of the moral decision making process

Judgment Guided by prayer: seeking to do God's will and creating who we are and helping to build God's kingdom in our world.

Moral Discernment

thinking through the moral implications (the rightness and wrongness) of our choices

How to Morally Discern

- talk to others (sort our matters)
- consult moral wisdom of the church
- check your feelings (may be helpful)
- reflect on personal experience to learn from it
- scrutinize your values (what is important to me)

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