to examine or look over with care various dimensions of a challenging situation so that overlooked aspects can come to light --- look over with care
basic elements of morality
the desire for moral growth, the use of critical thinking and creativity, the practice of virtue and theexercise of conscience
overview of the process
fact finding and analysis through use of the "reality-releaving" questions,discernment and prayerful decision
the 3 sources of morality
the object = the act itself the intention = your motive or why the circumstances = relevant conditions that affect the seriousness of the act or increase/decrease a person's responsibility
the rules of the 3 sources of morality
all 3 sources must be good for an action to be morally good and if any one is bad then the whole action is morally bad
actions that are never morally good under any circumstances ---- torture and abortion
[AKA - categorical] considered moral laws and principles before acting. ---- asks: what are my obligations or what is the (moral) law Does Not focus on consequences
The 7 Reality-Revealing Questions
What? Who? How? Why? When and Where? What if I do this? What else can I do?
What is going on here and what is the reality that is happening? ---- get the facts
Who does the action and who is affected by the action? ---- your emotional state
The "means" or method by which I accomplish something
my intention, motive, or reason for doing something
When and Where?
relevant circumstances that make a difference
What if I do this?
considers possible consequences
What else can I do?
considers possible alternatives before acting
5 Factors included in the "WHO" questions
- cultural differences - age and gender differences - differences in social status - relationship differences - job and professional defferences
example - playing music loudly at midnight
Decide ___ yourself, not ___yourself.
for / not by
Goal of Decision-making: make ____ judgments that we can
What can lead us to truth the we might otherwise miss?
Means that we consider to be important
Deontology first asks, "What is my ___?"
Consult the ___ for the wisdom of the faith
Approach to morality: what happens if I do this?
What else? =
Think of effects because actions have ___.
Deontology first considers principles, standards and ___.
Catechism: the ___ does not justify the means
Through our decision we are ___ who we are.
Intrinsically ___ acts can never be done.
Catechism: may not do evil so that ___ may result.
The Moral Decision Making Process (3stages)
1. Get the facts 2. The process of moral discernment 3. judgment guided by prayer
Stage one of the moral decision making process
Get the Facts: morality is based on reality. ask the reality-revealing questions to uncover as much of the reality of the situation is possible.
Stage two of the moral decision making process
The Process of Moral Discernment: assistance to help us evaluate out choices. Decide for yourself, not by yourself.
Stage Three of the moral decision making process
Judgment Guided by prayer: seeking to do God's will and creating who we are and helping to build God's kingdom in our world.
thinking through the moral implications (the rightness and wrongness) of our choices
How to Morally Discern
- talk to others (sort our matters) - consult moral wisdom of the church - check your feelings (may be helpful) - reflect on personal experience to learn from it - scrutinize your values (what is important to me)