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it was under his rule that unity was achieved among numerous Akan clans of Asante

Osei Tutu

the sufi mystic responsible for initiating a religious reform movement among the Hausa kingdoms in 1804

Usuman Dan Fodio

in 1818 he assumed leadership in the Zulu chiefdom of the Nguni people of southern Africa


African religious ideas and practices in Brazil,particularly among the Yoruba people


wars of 19th century in southern africa; created by Zulu expansion under Shaka; revolutionized political organization of southern Africa


chartered in 1600's to establish a monopoly over the slave trade among British merchants; supplied African slaves to colonies in Barbados, Jamaica, and Virginia

Royal African Company

Portuguese factory established in 1520s south of Kongo; became basis for Portuguese colony of Angola


African religious ideas and practices among descendants of African slaves in Haiti


European trading fortresses and compounds with resident merchants utilized throughout Portuguese trading empire to assure secure landing places and commerce


movement of Boer settlers in Cape colony of southern Africa to escape influence of British colonial government in 1834; led to settlement of regions north of Orange River and Natal

Great Trek

title taken by ruler of Asante Empire; supreme civil and religious leader; authority symbolized by golden stool


kingdom developed among Fon or Aja peoples in 17th century; center at Abomey 70 miles from coast; under king Agaja expanded to control coastline and port of Whydah by 1727; accepted Western firearms and goods in return for African slaves


term utilized within the complex exchange system established by the Spanish for African trade; referred to the value of an adult male slave

Indies piece

British statesman and reformer; leader of abolitionist movement in English parliament that led to end of English slave trade in 1807

william wilberforce

King of Kongo south of Zaire River from 1507 to 1543; converted to Christianity and took the title of Afonso I; under Portuguese influence attempted to Christianize all of kingdom

Nzinga Mvemba

african religious ideas and practices in the English and French Caribbean islands


commerce linking Africa, the new world colonies, and Europe; slaves carried to America for sugar and tobacco transported to Europe

triangular trade

slave voyage from africa to the americas; generally traumatic experience for black slaves, although it failed to strip africans of their culture

middle passage

kingdom of runaway slaves with a population of 8,000 to 10,000 people; located in Brazil during the 17th century; leadership was Angolan


most important of early Portuguese trading factories in forest zone of Africa

El Mina

the movement, migration, or scattering of people away from an established or ancestral homeland


collection points for Portuguese trade in the interior of Africa provided essential link between economies of African interior and factories on the coast


city-state formed in the 14th century under Ewuare the Great; the city state came into contact with the Portuguese in 1485 but remained relatively free of european influence;important political and commercial entity until 19th century


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