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13 terms

SAS Cell Organelles

Mr. David's Cell Organelles - edit these cards and create your own set...include analogies we have discussed in class or create your own!
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cell membrane
thin, flexible barrier around a cell; regulates what enters and leaves the cell. All cells have cell membranes
cell wall
strong supporting layer around the cell membrane in plants, algae, and some bacteria
chloroplasts
organelle found in cells of plants and some other organisms that captures the energy from sunlight and converts it into chemical energy. Not found in animal cells.
cytoplasm
material inside the cell membrane --not including the nucleus
Endoplasmic reticulum
"Transport system" of the cell - a system of membranes and passageways throughout the cytoplasm that carries proteins and other materials to all parts of the cell
Golgi Body
stack of membranes in the cell that modifies, sorts, and packages proteins from the endoplasmic reticulum
Lysosomes
"Trash men" of the cell, an organelle filled with enyzmes need to break down certain materials in the cells
mitochondrion
cell organelle that converts the chemical energy stored in foods into compounds that are more convenient for the cell to use
ribosomes
small particles in the cell on which proteins are assembled; made of RNA and proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Rough)
portion of the ER involved in the synthesis of proteins
Endoplasmic Reticulum (Smooth)
contains collections of enzymes that perform specialized tasks, including the synthesis of membrane lipids, and the detoxification of drugs
vacuole
cell organelle that stores materials such as waters, salts, proteins, and carboydrates
Nucleus
The 'Control Center' of the cell. Directs the cell's functions and activities, as well as containing the genetic information (DNA)