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an organized effort by office holders, candidates, activists, and voters to pursue their common interests by gaining and excessing power through the electoral process
the office holders who organize themselves and pursue policy objectives under a party label
a party organization that recruits voter loyalty with tangible incentives and is characterized by high degree of control over member activity
the selection of party candidates through the ballots of qualified voters rather than at party nominating conventions
civil service laws
these acts removed the staffing of the bureaucracy from political parties and created a professional bureaucracy filled through competition
politics that focuses on specific issues rather than only on party, candidate, or other loyalties.
politics that focuses directly on the candidates, their particular issues, and character, rather than on party affiliation
a shifting of party coalition groupings in the electorate that remains in place for several elections
an election that signals a party realignment through voter polarization around new issues
the gradual rearrangement of party coalitions, based more on demographic shifts than on shocks to the political system
a group made up of interest or organizations that join forces for the purpose of electing public officials
national party platform
a statement of the general and specific philosophy and policy goals of a political party, usually promulgated at the national convention
a voting system that apportions legislative seats according to the percentage of the vote won by particular political party
an electoral system in which the party that receives at least one or more vote than any other party wins the election
a party meeting held in the presidential election year for the purposes of nominating a presidential and vice presidential ticket and adopting a platform
institutional collection of policy-oriented researchers and academics who are sources of policy ideas
the virtually unregulated money funneled through political parties for party-building purposes, such as get out the got efforts or issue ads. Banned after 2002
funds that can be used for direct electioneering but are limited and regulated by the Federal Elections Commission
a citizens personal affinity for a political party, usually expressed by a tendency to vote for the candidates of that party
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