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44 terms

PSYCHIATRY CH 22 GENERAL TERMS,SYMPTOMS,AND DISORDERS

STUDY
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affect
external expression of emotion, or emotional response
amnesia
loss of memory
anorexia nervosa
an eating disorder in which a normal-weight person diets and becomes significantly underweight, yet, still feeling fat, continues to starve
anxiety disorder
an emotional disorder characterized by feelings of apprehension, tension, or uneasiness arising typically from the anticipation of unreal or imagined danger
apathy
an absence of emotion or enthusiasm
autism
A pervasive developmental disorder marked by severe impairments in social relationships and communication as well as bizarre behavior patterns.
bipolar disorder
mood disorder with alternating periods of mania and depression
bulimia nervosa
an eating disorder characterized by binge eating followed by purging,vomiting,and depression.
cannabis
substance from which marijuana is made
complusion
An uncontrollable urge to perform an act repeatedly
conversion disorder
condition marked by physical symptoms with no organic basis, appearing as a result of anxiety and unconscious inner conflict
defense mechanism
Unconscious technique (coping mechanism) that a person uses to resolve or conceal conflicts and anxiety.
delirium
confused thinking,disorentation,changes in alertness,diffculty paying attention, and fearfulness.
delusion
fixed,false beleif that cannot be changed by logical reasoning or evidence.
dementia
loss of intellectual abilities with imapirment of memory,judgement, and reasoning as well as changes in personality.
depression
Major mood disorder with chronic sadness,loss if energy,hopelessness,worry,and discouragement and, commonly,suicidal impulses and thoughts.
dissociative disorder
Chronic or sudden disturbance in memory,identity, or cinsciousness, are mulitple personality disorder, psychongenic disorder, amnesia, and fugue.
ego
Central coordinating branch of the personality or mind
fugue
Flight from customary surroundinbgs, dissociative disorder.
gender identity disorder
Strong and persistent cross-gendwer identification with the opposite sex.
hallucination
False sensory perception(hearing voices and seeing things)
id
Major unconscious part of the personality, energy from instinctual drives and desires
labile
Unstable,undergoing rapid emotional change
mania
Extrene excitement, hyperactive elation, and agitation.
mood disorders
prolonged emotion dominates a person's life
mutism
Inability to speak
obsessive-complsive disorder
Anxiety disorder in which recurrent thoughts and repetitive acts dominate behavior
paranoia
Overly suspicious system of thinking: fixed delusions that one is being harassed, or unfairly treated.
paraphilla
Recurrent intense sexual urge
personality disorder
lifelong personality patterns marked by inflexibility and impairment of social functioning.
pervasive developmental disorders
group of childhood disorders characterized by delays in socialization and communication skills; autism and Asperger syndrome are examples
phobia
Irrational or disabling fear (avoidance) of an object or situation
post-traumatic stress disorder
anxiety-related symptoms appear after personal experience of a traumatic event
projective (personality) test
diagnostic personality test using unstructured stimuli (inkblots, pictures abstract patterns, incomplete sentences) to evoke responses that reflext aspects of an individual's personality
psychiatrist
a medical doctor who specializes in the diagnosis and treatment of psychological disorders
psychologist
non medical professional (often PhD or EdD) specializing in mental processes and how the brain functions in health and disease. Areas of inter are clinical psychology, experimental psych and social psych
psychosis
any severe mental disorder in which contact with reality is lost or highly distorted
reality testing
psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy; severely impaired in psychosis
repression
psychological process that distinguishes fact from fantasy.
schizophrenia
Chronic psychotic disorder tjat may include hallucinations, disorganized speech and behavior.
sexual disorders
paraphilias and sexual dysfunctions
somatoform disorder
presence of physical symptoms that cannot be explained by an actual physical disorder or other well-described mental disorder such as depression.
substance-related disorder
regular overuse of psychoactive substances (alcohol, amphetamines, cannabis, cocaine, hallucinogens, opoids, and sedatives) that affect central nervous system
superego
Internalized conscience and moral part of the personality