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a branch of psychology that studies physical, cognitive, and social change throughout the life span
fetal alcohol syndrome
physical and cognitive abnormalities in children caused by a pregnant woman's heavy drinking
biological growth processes that enable orderly changes in behavior relatively influenced by experience
all the mental activities associated with thinking, knowing, remembering, and communicating
in Piaget's theory, the stage (birth-2) during which infants know the world mostly in terms of their sensory impressions and motor activities
in Piaget's theory, the stage (2-6) during which a child learns to use language but does not yet comprehend the mental operations of concrete logic
in Piaget's theory, the preoperational child's difficulty taking another's point of view
concrete operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (6-11) during which children gain the mental operations that enable them to think logically about concrete events
formal operational stage
in Piaget's theory, the stage of cognitive development (starting at 12) during which people begin to think logically about abstract concepts
a disorder that appears in childhood and is marked by deficient communication, social interaction, and understanding of others' states of mind
an optimal period shortly after birth when an organism's exposure to certain stimuli or experiences produce proper development
the process by which certain animals form attachments during a critical period very early in life
a set of expectations about a social position, defining how those in the position ought to behave
social learning theory
the theory that we learn social behavior by observing and imitating and by being rewarded or punished
the transition period from childhood to adulthood, extending from puberty to independence
for some period in modern cultures, a period from the late teens to mid-twenties bridging the gap between adolescent dependence and full independence and responsible adulthood
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