Ch. 1 government test
Terms in this set (58)
The government's power comes from the people.
The Preamble to the U.S Constitution "We the people of the U.S, in order to form a more perfect union, establish justice, insure demostic Tranquility, provide for the common defense, promote the general welfare, and secure the Blessings of Liberty to ourselves and our Posterirty, do ordain and establish this Constitution for the U.S.A." What Enlightenment idea is reflected in the Preamble to the U.S Constitution?
Which type of government consists of a single, self-appointed ruler who holds political control over the entire country?
The United States Constitution
What is the highest legal authority in the U.S?
Logic and Reason are capable of solving social and political problems.
Which of the following best characterizes the central idea of Enlightenment?
The seperation of powers between seperate and coequal branches of government.
The concepts of seperation of powers and checks and balances in the U.S Constitution refers to:
The fact that the United states is the supreme law of the land reflects:
The legislative, executive, and judicial functions of government are held by different people/ groups and with assigned functions/ duties.
Seperation of powers means that..
Which type of government places governmental powers in the handds of elected representatives?
Self-sufficient, literate, healthy, predominately christian
correctly identifies the characteristics of the colonists
studying history, studying the works, of political, theorists and philosophers.
which of the following best identifies how the founders learned about government?
The Tenth Amendment is confirming the Founding Fathers dedication to the principle of..
What type of government is most similar to a republic?
the power of the government is limited
How is a representative democracy similar to a constitutional democracy?
To protect and guarantee basic civil liberties
What is the primary purpose of the first Amenment to the United States Constitution?
A citizen's life, liberty, or property can't be taken away without due process of law.
Which example BEST represents a limit placed on the Federal Government?
social contract theory
The prase in the Declaration of Independence stating "that governments are instituted among men, deriving their just powers from the consent of the governed" illustrates the principle of..
he wrote the declaration of Independence
Thomas Jefferson was important in the revolutionary era because..
A belief in the natural rights of citizens
which of these was a major philosophy expressed in the declaration of Independece?
The declaration of Independence and the "social contract theory" both arose from which philosophical movement?
in ancient rome, citizens elected the embers of the senate. What type of government did ancient rome have?
Seperation of powers, checks and balances, and federalism.
Governments can be organized to prevent the abuse of power through the inclusion of systems of..
classical republican emphasized public morality while Judeo-christian emphasized private morality.
relationship between the classical republican idea of civic virtue and the judeo- christian ideas of morality?
feudalism created a political structure in which the feudal contract defined duties and rights.
identify features of the middle ages that contributed to the view that rights belonged to groups rather than individuals..
focus on the individual.
the shift in thinking that grew out of renaissance and the remormation.
constitutionalism, individual rights, and republicanism
principles that grew out city-states during th renaissance and reformation?
capitalism contributed to..
increased communication and the spread of knowledge.
the invention of the printing press directly led to..
stresses the dignity and worth of each individual
in comparison with the greek and roman ideals of civic virtue, the judeo-christian tradition..
emphasized what could be accomplished through the exercise of human logic and reason.
The enlightenment inspired america's founders by..
prevent the misuse/abuse of power
the founders believed that the seperation of powers was important to?
purring the common good above individual interests
civic virtue is best defined as?
protect individual rights
according to natural rights philosophy, the main purpose of government is to?
laws based on the rule of precedent
which best describes "common law"?
An executive branch exists and has power seperate from legislature.
Nearly all of Latin American governments use a presidential system of government. This means...
rule of law
checks and balances/ seperation of powers/ federalism/ popular sovereignty and...
the idea of an accused person's right to due process was originally found in which english document?
voting members choose candidates who they believe will represent their interests in government.
how does a representative government best serve the purpose of constitutional government?
which ammendment contains the five basic freedoms associated with the american way of life and all that most hold dear as a U.S citizen?
magna carta, petition of rights, and english bill of rights.
which of the following contributed to the development of government in the U.S?
A writ of habeas corpus protects..
government based on the rule of law.
the magna carta included the important constitutional principlr that established...
kings rule by divine right,
which of the following is not an enlightenment ideal?
a willingness of people to hand over some rights in exchange for law and order is called?
the seperation of powers between levels of government (central and local)
In colonial america, the right to vote most often depended on a person's gender and..
a bill of rights
many of the first colonial constitutions contained?
a clear step toward self-government
the mayflower compact is important to the concept of a democratic society because it represents?
21 years old or older, white, male, property owner, and church member
qualifications for voting in the colonies..
an agreement to create a government and follow its laws is...
limits on the government
a constitutional government always includes
the government must abide by it.
a constitution is considered higher law if..
it put limit's on the monarch's powers
the magna carta is most important for which reason?
in democracies, the power of the government is limited.
what is a differene between an authorian government, and a democratic government?