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pu enriched u



u and pu are both

pellets in rods

fuel is in the form of


rods surrounded by

fast neutrons

____________ bombard fuel pellets

more fast neutrons

neutrons → fission → ___________

graphite/water moderator

To slow down the neutrons so they can be captured,

chain reaction

nuclear fission in a reactor can be described as a

control rods

____________ are inserted or removed b/w fuel rods to control reaction rate

nonfission/neutron absorbing

control rods are (characteristics)


elements commonly making up control rods

heat energy

another product of the reaction is

core meltdown

____________ happens when fission happens too quickly and isn't controlled

water to absorb/cool

_______________ → steam, which turns turbines

additional cooling water

coolant =

passes towers realeased steam

what happens to coolant?

uncommon excess energy

fusion reactors

breed own fuel

breeder reactors

protons/+lead ions

hadrons =


particle accelerators speed up

alt current magnetic

how do particle accelerators speed up the particles?

xrays/r tracers/cancer

medical applications


isotope used to determine fossil/organic material's age

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