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19 terms

World Cultures Medieval Europe

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Five Pillars
five central beliefs of Islam
Declaration of Faith
"there is no god but God and Muhammad is his prophet"
Prayer
every Muslim must pray to God 5 times: when you wake up, at noon, in the afternoon, evening, and before you go to bed; you have to face Mecca and pray in Arabic
Alms
every Muslim must give up a certain percentage of his wealth to the poor every year
Fasting
during Ramadan, every Muslim must fast from sunrise to sunset
Hajj
pilgrimage to Mecca. At least once in life, every Muslim needs to make a pilgrimage to Mecca. They all have to wear the same thing
Jihad
struggle
Greater Jihad
the struggle everyone goes through to conquer their inner demon to become a better person
Lesser Jihad
physical struggle to defend Islam. The idea of the lesser jihad is terrorism to Americans
Muhammad
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Charlemagne
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Pepin the Short
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Clovis
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Charles Martell
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Justinian
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Mecca
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Mosque
religious temple
Imam
religious leader
Schism
1054 AD. Church splits in half; excommunication