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14 terms

Chapter 10

STUDY
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aqueous solution
a solution in which the solvent is water
chemical equation
a statement using chemical formulas to describe the identities and relative amounts of the reactants and products involved in the chemical reaction
chemical reaction
the process by which the atoms of one or more substances are rearranged to form different substances; occurrence can be indicated by changes in temperature, color, odor, and physical state
coefficient
in a chemical equation, the number written in front of a reactant or product; tells the smallest number of particles in the substance involved in the reaction
combustion reaction
a chemical reaction that occurs when a substance reacts with oxygen, releasing energy in the form of heat and light
decomposition reaction
a chemical reaction in which one substance breaks down into two or more elements or new compounds
double-replacement reaction
a chemical reaction that involves the exchange of positive ions between two compounds and produces either a precipitate, a gas, or water
precipitate
a solid produced during a chemical reaction in a solution
product
a substance formed during a chemical reaction
reactant
the starting substance in a chemical reaction
single-replacement reaction
a chemical reaction that occurs when the atoms of one element replace the atoms of another element in a compound
solute
a substance dissolved in a solution
solvent
the substance that dissolves a solute to form a solution
synthesis reaction
a chemical reaction in which two or more substances react to yield a single product