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60 terms

Sadlier-Oxford Level G Units 7-9

STUDY
PLAY
allege
to assert without proof or confirmation
arrant
thoroughgoing, out-and-out; shameless, blatant
badinage
light and playful conversation
conciliate
to overcome the distrust of, win over; to appease, pacify; to reconcile, make consistent
countermand
to cancel or reverse one order or command with another that is contrary to the first
echelon
one of a series of grades in an organization or field of activity; an organized military unit; a steplike formation or arrangement
exacerbate
to make more violent, severe, bitter, or painful
fatuous
stupid or foolish in a self-satisfied way
irrefutable
impossible to disprove; beyond argument
juggernaut
a massive and inescapable force or object that crushes whatever is in its path
lackadaisical
lacking spirit or interest, halfhearted
litany
a prayer consisting of short appeals to God recited by the leader alternating with responses from the congregation; any repetitive chant; a long list
macabre
grisly, gruesome; horrible, distressing; having death as a subject
paucity
an inadequate quantity, scarcity, dearth
portend
to indicate beforehand that something is about to happen; to give advance warning of
raze
to tear down, destroy completely; to cut or scrape off or out
recant
to withdraw a statement or belief to which one has previously been committed, renounce, retract
saturate
to soak thoroughly, fill to capacity; to satisfy fully
saturnine
of a gloomy or surly disposition; cold or sluggish in mood
slough
to cast off, discard; to get rid of something objectionable or unnecessary; to plod through as if through mud; a mire; a state of depression
allay
to calm or pacify, set to rest; to lessen or relieve
bestial
beastlike; beastly, brutal; subhuman in intelligence and sensibility
convivial
festive, sociable, having fun together, genial
coterie
a circle of acquaintances; a close-knit, often exclusive, a group of people with a common interest
counterpart
a person or thing closely resembling or corresponding to another; a complement
demur
to object or take exception to; an objection
effrontery
shameless boldness, impudence
embellish
to decorate, adorn, touch up; to improve by adding details
ephemeral
lasting only a short time, short-lived
felicitous
appropriate, apt, well chosen; marked by well-being or good fortune, happy
furtive
done slyly or stealthily, sneaky, secret, shifty; stolen
garish
glaring; tastelessly showy or overdecorated in a vulgar or offensive way
illusory
misleading, deceptive; lacking in or not based on reality
indigent
needy, impoverished
inordinate
far too great, exceeding reasonable limits, excessive
jettison
to cast overboard, get rid of as unnecessary or burdensome
misanthrope
a person who hates or despises people
pertinacious
very persistent; holding firmly to a course of action or set of beliefs; hard to get rid of, refusing to be put off or denied
picayune
of little value or importance, paltry, measly; concerned with trifling matters, small-minded
raiment
clothing, garments
acclamation
(n) a shout of welcome, an overwhelming verbal note of approval
bucolic
(adj.) characteristic of the countryside, rural, relating to shepherds and cowherds, pastoral, a short descriptive poem of rural or pastoral life
calumniate
(v.) to slander, to accuse falsely and maliciously
chary
(adj.) Extremely cautious, hesitant, or slow, reserved, diffident
collusion
(n.) Secret agreement or cooperation
dilettante
(n.) a dabbler in the arts, one who engages in an activity in an amateurish, trifling way; superficial
imperturbable
(adj.) not easily excited, emotionally steady
increment
(n.) an enlargement, increase, addition
mandate
(n.) an authoritative command, formal order, authorization; to issue an order
paltry
(adj.) trifling, insignificant, mean, despicable, inferior, trashy
paroxysm
(n.) a sudden outburst, a spasm, convulsion
pedantry
(n.) a pretentious display of knowledge, overly rigid attention to rules and details
peregrination
(n.) the act of traveling, an excursion, especially on foot or to a foreign country
redolent
(adj.) fragrant, smelling strongly, tending to arouse memories or create an aura
refulgent
(adj.) shining, radiant, resplendent
shibboleth
(n.) a word, expression, or custom that distinguishes a particular group of persons from all others, a commonplace saying or truism
tyro
(n.) a beginner, novice, one with little or no background or skill
unremitting
(adj.) not stopping, maintained steadily, never letting up, relentless
vacillate
(v.) to swing indecisively from one idea or course of action to another, to waver weakly in mind or will
vituperative
(adj.) harshly abusive, severely scolding