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Unit 7 Study Guide

STUDY
PLAY
interest in classical culture
the word renaissance means "rebirth." what was reborn during the renaissance?
traders brought ideas to roman
which of the following was one factor that led to renaissance?
a money-economy
what new type of economy develope during the renaissance?
location
what geographic factor contributed to italy becoming wealthy?
city-states
what political unit contributed most to the development of the renaissance?
governed state
how did europe's economy change as trade and commerce increased?
values and potentional
what made italy's city-states unique in europe during the late middle ages?
ability to control there own lives and achieve greatness
what did humanists believe?
they developed renaissance
why was florence called "the cradle of renaissance"?
wealthy
how were florence's industries related to the city's culture?
greeks and romans
where did florentines get ideas for the disigns of their buildings?
needed long times from training
what do they have in common? painting, architecture, sculpture
printing press
what important change made literaturemore popular during the renaissance than it had been before?
observations
on what did renaissance scientists base their work?
maditce
what powerful family controlled florence for almost 300 years?
become a center of banking
how did the development of a money-based economy affect florence?
domes
what was one example of classic architecture influencing florence's buildings?
perspective
what technique did renaissance painters discover?
real feelings and shows life-like
renaissance sculptures reflected humanism by
wrote in language they spoke and didn't have to be religious
unlike mdeieval writers, renaissance writers
center for trade, greatest artists, location
what is one thing that made florence special?
observation
during the renaissance, how did people get information about nature?
rules should be feared not loved
which statement might machiavelli have made?
trade, banking, commere
what was one of florence's major industries?
increase the speed of material, more people started to read
what was one result of the invention of the printing press?
the 6th chaple and david
what is michelangelo best known for?
painting
with what artistic medium is titian associated?
wood carving
besides painting, in what art medium was durer well skilled?
experiments, obersavation
what did renaissance sciencetists have in common?
william shakespear
what great writer flourished during the rule of elizabeth I
values expanded
what did queen isabella and queen elizabeth i have in common?
the 16th chaple, david
what is michelangelo probably best known for?
wood carving and painting
durer is especially know for
earth reolved around the sun
what idea did copernicus put forward?
disected people
in what field was vesalius a pioneer?
queen isabella the 1st
who sponsored christopher columbus's voyages?
micate servatis
don quixote is the most famous work of what author?
good at many things
a renaissance person is someone who
indulgences, curuption
what did the first protestants protest?
there hard work was worthless
the selling of indulgences troubled many catholics because the practice made it seem that
there were many popes
what was the great schism?
faith
according to martin luther, how did people gain salvation?
you could be any religion
what was the significance of the peace of augsburg?
john calvin
which reformer believed that business success was a sign of god's grace?
church is not the ultimate source the bible was
what belief did many reformers have in common?
to purify the church
what was a common goal among the people who first tried to reform the church?
go to heaven through faith
in contrast to the catholic church's teaching, martin luther believed that
when the leaders were prodist
where was the reformation most successful?
belief in the bible's authority
what is one thing that lutheran, calvinist, and anglican churches had in common?
calvinism
which religion supported theocracy, or a state governed by god through religious leaders?
to correct abuses in the catholic church
what was one of the goals of the council of trent?
a catholic order of teachers and min=ssionaries
the jesuits were
european colonies in south america were catholic
what was on result of the peace of westphalia, which ended the thirty years' war
henry VIII's relufarve to share power with catholic leaders
what led to the creation of the anglican church?
the bible
what did lutherans believe was the ultimate source of authority?
theocrace
what followed from the calvinist idea that people should always live according to god's law?
to get a divorce and wanted to keep power and money
what was a political reason king henry VIII started the anglican church?
bring catholic church back together
what was the counter-reformation
war
what was one result of the reformation?