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233 terms

LATIN UNKNOWN

STUDY
PLAY
pleasing (welcome, grateful)
gratus (-a, -um)
unfriendly (hostile)
inimicus (-a, -um)
enemy (m.)
inimicus
ready (prepared)
paratus (-a, -um)
true
verus (-a, -um)
swiftness (speed f.)
celeritas, celeritatis
commander (general m.)
imperator, imperatoris
government (command, military power n.)
imperium
soon
mox
Caesar (m.)
Caesar, Caesaris
body (n.)
corpus, corporis
diligence (care f.)
diligentia
march (journey, route n.)
iter, itineris
citizen
civis, civis m./f.
end (boundary, only in s.)
finis, finis m.
territory (only in pl.)
fines, finium m.
ship
navis, navis f.
memory
memoria
is (there is)
est
are (there are)
sunt
country (native land)
patria
I love (like)
amo (-are, -avi, -atum)
I sail
navigo (-are, -avi, -atum)
I seize (capture)
occupo (-are, -avi, -atum)
I prepare (for)
paro (-are, -avi, -atum)
I carry
porto (-are, -avi, -atum)
I look at
specto (-are, -avi, -atum)
I call
voco (-are, -avi, -atum)
Germany
Germania
Spain
Hispania
land (earth)
terra
road (way)
via
and (added on to end of word)
que
field (territory)
ager
friend
amicus
lieutenant (envoy)
legatus
school (game)
ludus
messenger (message)
nuntius
slave
servus
war
bellum
sky
caelum
danger
periculum
kingdom
regnum
down from (about, concerning)
de
in (on-- with accusative-- into, onto, against--with ablative)
in
high (deep)
altus (-a, -um)
wild (fierce, savage)
ferus (-a, -um)
long
longus (-a, -um)
my (mine)
meus (-a, -um)
your (yours-- when speaking to only one person)
tuus (-a, -um)
I call (name)
appello (-are -avi, atum)
I call together (assemble, summon)
convoco (-are -avi, atum)
I await (wait for)
exspecto (-are -avi, atum)
I live
habito (-are -avi, atum)
I labor (suffer, be hard pressed)
laboro (-are, -avi, -atum)
I tell (relate)
narro (-are, -avi, -atum)
I announce (report)
nuntio (-are -avi, atum)
I surpass (defeat)
supero (-are -avi, atum)
I fly
volo (-are -avi, atum)
wretched (unfortunate, poor)
miser (misera, miserum)
our (ours)
noster (nostra, nostrum)
beautiful (noble, fine)
pulcher (pulchra, pulchrum)
before, in front of
ante
between (among)
inter
because of (on account of)
ob
because of (on account of)
propter
for a long time
diu
yesterday
heri
now (already)
iam
there (in that place)
ibi
meanwhile
interim
badly
male
often
saepe
where? (where, when)
ubi
I walk
ambulo (-are -avi, atum)
I shout
clamo (-are -avi, atum)
I strengthen (encourage, declare)
confirmo (-are -avi, atum)
I show (point out)
demonstro (-are -avi, atum)
I attack
oppugno (-are -avi, atum)
I guard (keep, save)
servo (-are -avi, atum)
I stand
sto (-are -avi, atum)
I try (attempt)
tempto (-are -avi, atum)
Asia (Minor)
Asia
mind (spirit)
animus
help (aid)
auxilium
reinforcements
auxilia
plan (advice)
consilium
plenty (supply)
copia
forces (troops)
copiae
flight
fuga
hindrance
impedimentum
baggage
impedimenta
daring (boldness)
audacia
wagon (cart)
carrus
lord (master)
dominus
lack
inopia
anger
ira
book
liber
place
locus (loca, -orum pl.)
penalty (punishment)
poena
ally (comrade)
socius
Helvetian
Helvetius ( -a -um )
have (hold)
habeo, habere, habui, habitum
stay (remain)
maneo, manere, mansi, mansum
warn (advise, inform)
moneo, monere, monui, monitum
fear (be afraid)
timeo, timere, timui
short
brevis, breve
swift
celer, celeris, celere
easy
facilis, facile
brave
fortis, forte
Gallic
Gallus (-a, -um)
heavy (severe, serious)
gravis, grave
powerful
potens, potentis
similar
similis, simile
Trojan
Troianus, (-a, -um)
peace
pax, pacis, f
safety (welfare)
salus, salutis, f
I owe (ought)
debeo, debere, debui, debitum
I prevent (keep...from...)
prohibeo, prohibere, prohibui, prohibitum
I reply (answer)
respondeo, respondere, respondi, responsum
I hold back
retineo, retinere, retinui, retentum
I frighten
terreo, terrere, terrui, territum
accept (receive)
accipio accipere accepi acceptum
capture (take)
capio capere cepi captum
finish (accomplish)
conficio conficere confeci confectum
hurl (throw together)
conicio conicere conieci coniectum
wish (want, desire)
cupio cupere cupivi cupitum
make (do)
facio facere feci factum
flee (flee from)
fugio fugere fugi fugitum
throw
iacio iacere ieci iactum
begin
incipio incipere incepi inceptum
kill
interficio interficere interfeci interfectum
dinner
cena, -ae, f
Greece
Graecia, -ae, f
Helvetia
Helvetia, -ae, f
injustice
iniuria, -ae, f
chair, seat
sella, -ae, f
and
atque (conj)
because
quod (conj)
both... and
et... et
do (drive)
ago agere egi actum
collect (compel)
cogo cogere coegi coactum
bear (carry on, wear)
gero gerere gessi gestum
place (put)
pono ponere posui positum
rule
rego regere rexi rectum
rise (stand up)
surgo surgere surrexi surrectum
surrender
trado tradere tradidi traditum
ancient (old fashioned, old, former)
antiquus, (-a, -um)
clear (bright; famous)
clarus, (-a, -um)
neighboring
finitimus, (-a, -um)
few (a few-- used only with the plural)
pauci, (-ae, -a)
remaining (the rest of)
reliquus, (-a, -um)
move (yield, give way)
cedo, cedere, cessi, cessum
decide (determine, set up)
constituo, constituere, constitui, constitutum
strive (struggle; hasten)
contendo, contendere, contendi, contentum
choose
deligo, deligere, delegi, delectum
depart (go away, leave)
discedo, discedere, discessi, discessum
leave (go out)
excedo, excedere, excessi, excessum
lead back
reduco, reducere, reduxi, reductum
capture (take)
capio capere cepi captum
finish (accomplish)
conficio conficere confeci confectum
hurl (throw together)
conicio conicere conieci coniectum
wish (want, desire)
cupio cupere cupivi cupitum
make (do)
facio facere feci factum
flee (flee from)
fugio fugere fugi fugitum
begin
incipio incipere incepi inceptum
kill
interficio interficere interfeci interfectum
this, that, he, she, it
is, ea, id
that (the former)
ille, illa, illud
ask (seek; beg; attack; aim at)
peto, petere, petivi, petitum
formerly (once upon a time)
olim (adv.)
cavalry (pl only)
equites, equitum, m.
infantry (pl only)
pedites, peditum, m.
authority (influence, prestige)
auctoritas, auctoritatis, f.
bird
avis, avis, f.
shout (noise)
clamor, clamoris, m.
juror (judge)
iudex, iudicis, m.
stone
lapis, lapidis, m
chief
princeps, principis, m.
fear
timor, timoris, m.
ego, mei, mihi, me, me
Singular of i
nos, nostri (nostrum), nobis nos nobis
Plural of i
tu, tui, tibi, te, te
singular of you
vos, vestri (vestrum), vobis, vos, vobis
Plural of you
is eius ei eum eo ; ei eorum eis eos eis
M. of this that; he she it
ea eius ei eam ea ; eae earum eis eas eis
F. of this that; he she it
id eius ei id eo ; ea eorum eis ea eis
N. of this that; he she it
hic huis huic hunc hoc ; hi horum his hos his
M. of this; the former
citizenship (citizenry, state)
civitas, civitatis, f
garden
hortus -i, m
hardship (difficulty, work
labor laboris, m
crowd (great number)
multitudo, multitudinis, f
bravery (manliness, courage)
virtus virtutis, f
measure, degree; manner, way
modus, -i, m
wall
murus, -i, m
nothing (defective noun)
nihil, n
wine
vinum, -i, n
lose
amitto, amittere, amisi, amissum
entrust
committo, committere, commisi, commissum
drive out (drive away, expel)
expello, expellere, expuli, expulsum
restore (give back)
reddo, reddere, reddidi, redditum
arrival (approach)
adventus, -us, m.
running (course, quick motion)
cursus, -us, m.
house (home)
domus, -us, f.
army
exercitus, -us, m.
departure (way out, end, outcome)
exitus, -us, m.
wave
fluctus, -us, m.
attack
impetus, -us, m.
hand (band of men)
manus -us, f.
setting (downfall, a going down)
occasus, -us, m.
pace
passus, -us, m.
harbor (port)
portus, -us, m.
hear (listen to)
audio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
assemble (come together)
convenio, -ire, conveni, conventum
find (come upon)
invenio, -ire, inveni, inventum
build (fortify)
munio, -ire, -ivi, -itum
reach (arrive)
pervenio, -ire, perveni, perventum
also (even)
etiam (adv.)
nevertheless (still, yet)
tamen (adv postpositive)
for
nam (conj)
straight line (line of battle)
acies aciei, f
bed (dining couch)
lectus, -i , m
thing (affair, matter)
res rei, f
and so, therefore
itaque
and... not (nor)
neque, nec
grain supply (forage)
res frumentaria, rei frumentariae, f
commonwealth (state, republic)
res publica, rei publicae, f
deeds (accomplishments)
res gestae, rerum gestarum, f. pl.
revolution
res novae, rerum novarum, f. pl.
joy (gladness)
gaudium gaudi, n
guard (garrison)
praesidium, -i, n
be away (be absent, be distant)
absum abesse afui afuturus
be near (be present)
adsum adesse adfui adfuturus