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Anthro Final (set 1)

STUDY
PLAY
ethnography
written description of a culture based on data gathered from fieldwork
ethnocentrism
making value judgements based on one's own culture when describing another culture
participant observation
role of anthropologist doing ethnographic work
ethnology
comparative study of cultures with the aim of presenting analytical generalizations w/n context of that society
random sample
sample method in which all members of a population have equal chance of being chosen
ideal behavior
what people believe they should do; not what people really do
culture shock
feelings of homesickness, disorientation, helplessness, and frustration that occur after prolonged exposure to an unfamiliar culture
judgement sample
sample that is chosen based on the judgement of the ethnographer: Key informants
phoneme
smallest unit of sound in speech that will indicate a difference in meaning
syntax
grammar: manner in which minimum units of meaning (morphemes) are comibed
emic
insider's view of a culture
transhumance
a variety of pastoralism in which herds are moved seasonally
horticulture
food-procurement based on crop production w/out soil preperation, fertilizers, irrigation, or use of draft animals
agriculture
intensive, continuous use of land for the production of plant foods. Uses soils, fertilizers, irrigation
patrilineal descent
unilineal descent group passed on through males and traced to a common male ancestor
nomadic pastoralism
herding adaptation that makes the most of available forage for animals by frequent habitat moves
foraging
food procurement strategy that involves collecting wild plant and animal foods
barter
exchange of products that doesn't involve currency
reciprocity
form of exchange that involves the mutual giving and receiving of food and other items b/n people who are socially equal
ascribed status
status person is given at birth and over which that person has no control