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written description of a culture based on data gathered from fieldwork


making value judgements based on one's own culture when describing another culture

participant observation

role of anthropologist doing ethnographic work


comparative study of cultures with the aim of presenting analytical generalizations w/n context of that society

random sample

sample method in which all members of a population have equal chance of being chosen

ideal behavior

what people believe they should do; not what people really do

culture shock

feelings of homesickness, disorientation, helplessness, and frustration that occur after prolonged exposure to an unfamiliar culture

judgement sample

sample that is chosen based on the judgement of the ethnographer: Key informants


smallest unit of sound in speech that will indicate a difference in meaning


grammar: manner in which minimum units of meaning (morphemes) are comibed


insider's view of a culture


a variety of pastoralism in which herds are moved seasonally


food-procurement based on crop production w/out soil preperation, fertilizers, irrigation, or use of draft animals


intensive, continuous use of land for the production of plant foods. Uses soils, fertilizers, irrigation

patrilineal descent

unilineal descent group passed on through males and traced to a common male ancestor

nomadic pastoralism

herding adaptation that makes the most of available forage for animals by frequent habitat moves


food procurement strategy that involves collecting wild plant and animal foods


exchange of products that doesn't involve currency


form of exchange that involves the mutual giving and receiving of food and other items b/n people who are socially equal

ascribed status

status person is given at birth and over which that person has no control

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