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what is the ongoing circular process of dertimining who gets what when and how that leads to making public policy


what are laws rules and regulations passed by congress

public policy

what is the institution that is authorized to make public policy


what makes government unique

it has the authority to make a binding decision and is able to enforce it

what is the root source of political power


what is governments authority to govern


what is the only time in which government isnt a delegated system

absolute monarchy

what are the basis of legitamacy

written consitution, popular assent, custom and usage

what is the overall purpose of governemnt

to provide security and order

who viewed that the purpose of government is to secure individual rights

john locke

what is an agreement to submit to government authority in exchange for benefits

social contract

what is the absence of government


what is the state prior to governments existence

state of nature

what is the state of government where soveriengty rests with an individual, is ruled by that individual and power is transferred through heridity

absolute monarchy

what is the state of government where soveriegnty and rule is shared but power is still based on heredity

limited monarchy

what is the state of government where sovereignty rests with the people and is ruled directly by the people

direct democracy

what is the state of government where soveriegnty rests with the people and is ruled by representatives of the people

indirect democracy

what is the theory that government should make decisions based on what majority of people want


what is the theory that many groups and individuals can influence the decision making process (politics)


what is the theory that only a few can be pa2rt of the decision making process


has democracy changed

no just the number of people allowed to be involved in it has.

what is a comprehensive set of beliefs about what role government should play

political ideology

what is the order in which political ideologies were formed

classic liberalism, traditional conservatism, socialism, democratic socialism, progressive liberalism, communism, facism

what came about in 1650-1750 belived in popular soveriegnty individual rights and egalitarianism. wanted rationalism in decision making and freedom of conscience and the point was to reject the british class system

classic liberalism

what came about in 1800-1850 supported monarchy and legal class structures and establishments of religions

traditional conservatism

what came about around 1850 originally represented the working class were advocates of absolute egalitarianism (equality) and had no social or economic distinctions


what came about in the turn of the twentieth century worked with government to achieve socialistic ideals and believed in the government controlling economies to equalize effects

democratic socialism

what came about at the turn of the twentieth century and allowed for regulation of the economy

progressive liberalism

what came about around 1917 and came about in the spirit of socialism


what came about in the 1920's


what are the basic features of liberalism in america

individualism, egalitarianism, rationlism, captilism

what means ruled by few


what existed from the founding of america until the turn of the 20th century believed in free market (laissez-faire) and limited government

classic liberalism

what occured at the turn of the twentieth century, believed in pluralist democracy, regulated market economy, active government,and spurred libertarianism, and changed democrats from conservative to liberal in the 1860 election

progressive liberalism

what is an agreement to form government and live under its authority in exchange for benefits that government can provide

social contract

who was a classic liberal and believed a social contract was an agreement among people and once entered people were obligated to government


who believed the agreement was between people and government and if government didnt uphold duty then the people could replace it, and believed in revolution


who believed the governments purpose is to secure unalienable rights


is the declaration of independence a social contract


what is a system based on a written set of rules that apply to everybody

rule of law

what laws pertain to the government and primary purpose is to legitimize government

fundamental law

what laws pertain to the citizens

satutory laws

what are the two aspects of our constitution that are not neccessary

bill of rights and universal sufferage

what states fundamental rights not fundamental law and is the political comprimse of the constitution

bill of rights

what is the right to vote


what is the first time in america a social contract was entered when there was an option

mayflower compact (1620)

what is the first attempt at trying to form a unified national government operating under a confederal system that illustrated that soveriegn states created and empowered national government and it was a unicameral institution with congress being the only institution

articles of confederation

what was the purpose of the philadelphia convention

amend the articles of confederation

what was congress like under the new constitution

divided into two parts house and the senate

how is the house filled

by direct popular vote within each state, dpending on population dictates how many reps can be selected

how is the senate filled

by state legislatures choosing and each state has two seats

what kind of legislature does the current constitution institute


what is the institution of the presidency is elected by the electoral college and number of seats is equal to number of seats in congress

national executive

what is the office of the supreme courts, nominated by the president (with advice and consent of senate)

national judiciary

what is the rule making function of the government

legislative function

what is the rule implementing function

executive function

what is the rule interpreting function

judicial function

what is the system where national and state governments exist indepently of each other

federal system

what states the us consitution and the laws of the us government are supreme law of the land

national supremecy

what article deals with legislative power which is instruction of congress

article 1

what article deals with executive power which is institution of the president

article 2

what article deals with judiciary power which is institution of supreme court

article 3

what article deals with interstate relations

article 4

what article deals with the amendment process

article 5

what article deals with supremacy clause

article 6

what article deals with ratification

article 7

how many states are needed to adopt or ratify

3/4 (or 9)

how did the states vote on the constitution

ratifying conventions

how much vote is needed for amendment proposal


how much vote is needed for amendment ratification

3/4 of state legislatures

what happens with the informal amendment process

changes in judicial interpretation

what is where a central government authorizes and empowers regional governments and happened under great britain

unitary system

what is where soveriegn regional governments that authorize and empower central governments and happened under articles of confederation

confederal system

what is where central and regional governments authorized independtly of each other and is what we are under the current constitution

federal system

what are powers that are expressly stated in the constitution

enumerated powers

what are powers that are reserved exclusively to the states (10th amendment)

reserved powers

what are powers provided to both national and state governments

concurrent powers

what is the requirement that states recognize official acts documents judicial proceedings of every other state

full faith and credit

what requires each state to apply their laws the same to residents and none residents

privileges and immunities

what is the requirement for a state to return a fleeing criminal upon request


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