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80 terms

Government Unit 1

what is the ongoing circular process of dertimining who gets what when and how that leads to making public policy
what are laws rules and regulations passed by congress
public policy
what is the institution that is authorized to make public policy
what makes government unique
it has the authority to make a binding decision and is able to enforce it
what is the root source of political power
what is governments authority to govern
what is the only time in which government isnt a delegated system
absolute monarchy
what are the basis of legitamacy
written consitution, popular assent, custom and usage
what is the overall purpose of governemnt
to provide security and order
who viewed that the purpose of government is to secure individual rights
john locke
what is an agreement to submit to government authority in exchange for benefits
social contract
what is the absence of government
what is the state prior to governments existence
state of nature
what is the state of government where soveriengty rests with an individual, is ruled by that individual and power is transferred through heridity
absolute monarchy
what is the state of government where soveriegnty and rule is shared but power is still based on heredity
limited monarchy
what is the state of government where sovereignty rests with the people and is ruled directly by the people
direct democracy
what is the state of government where soveriegnty rests with the people and is ruled by representatives of the people
indirect democracy
what is the theory that government should make decisions based on what majority of people want
what is the theory that many groups and individuals can influence the decision making process (politics)
what is the theory that only a few can be pa2rt of the decision making process
has democracy changed
no just the number of people allowed to be involved in it has.
what is a comprehensive set of beliefs about what role government should play
political ideology
what is the order in which political ideologies were formed
classic liberalism, traditional conservatism, socialism, democratic socialism, progressive liberalism, communism, facism
what came about in 1650-1750 belived in popular soveriegnty individual rights and egalitarianism. wanted rationalism in decision making and freedom of conscience and the point was to reject the british class system
classic liberalism
what came about in 1800-1850 supported monarchy and legal class structures and establishments of religions
traditional conservatism
what came about around 1850 originally represented the working class were advocates of absolute egalitarianism (equality) and had no social or economic distinctions
what came about in the turn of the twentieth century worked with government to achieve socialistic ideals and believed in the government controlling economies to equalize effects
democratic socialism
what came about at the turn of the twentieth century and allowed for regulation of the economy
progressive liberalism
what came about around 1917 and came about in the spirit of socialism
what came about in the 1920's
what are the basic features of liberalism in america
individualism, egalitarianism, rationlism, captilism
what means ruled by few
what existed from the founding of america until the turn of the 20th century believed in free market (laissez-faire) and limited government
classic liberalism
what occured at the turn of the twentieth century, believed in pluralist democracy, regulated market economy, active government,and spurred libertarianism, and changed democrats from conservative to liberal in the 1860 election
progressive liberalism
what is an agreement to form government and live under its authority in exchange for benefits that government can provide
social contract
who was a classic liberal and believed a social contract was an agreement among people and once entered people were obligated to government
who believed the agreement was between people and government and if government didnt uphold duty then the people could replace it, and believed in revolution
who believed the governments purpose is to secure unalienable rights
is the declaration of independence a social contract
what is a system based on a written set of rules that apply to everybody
rule of law
what laws pertain to the government and primary purpose is to legitimize government
fundamental law
what laws pertain to the citizens
satutory laws
what are the two aspects of our constitution that are not neccessary
bill of rights and universal sufferage
what states fundamental rights not fundamental law and is the political comprimse of the constitution
bill of rights
what is the right to vote
what is the first time in america a social contract was entered when there was an option
mayflower compact (1620)
what is the first attempt at trying to form a unified national government operating under a confederal system that illustrated that soveriegn states created and empowered national government and it was a unicameral institution with congress being the only institution
articles of confederation
what was the purpose of the philadelphia convention
amend the articles of confederation
what was congress like under the new constitution
divided into two parts house and the senate
how is the house filled
by direct popular vote within each state, dpending on population dictates how many reps can be selected
how is the senate filled
by state legislatures choosing and each state has two seats
what kind of legislature does the current constitution institute
what is the institution of the presidency is elected by the electoral college and number of seats is equal to number of seats in congress
national executive
what is the office of the supreme courts, nominated by the president (with advice and consent of senate)
national judiciary
what is the rule making function of the government
legislative function
what is the rule implementing function
executive function
what is the rule interpreting function
judicial function
what is the system where national and state governments exist indepently of each other
federal system
what states the us consitution and the laws of the us government are supreme law of the land
national supremecy
what article deals with legislative power which is instruction of congress
article 1
what article deals with executive power which is institution of the president
article 2
what article deals with judiciary power which is institution of supreme court
article 3
what article deals with interstate relations
article 4
what article deals with the amendment process
article 5
what article deals with supremacy clause
article 6
what article deals with ratification
article 7
how many states are needed to adopt or ratify
3/4 (or 9)
how did the states vote on the constitution
ratifying conventions
how much vote is needed for amendment proposal
how much vote is needed for amendment ratification
3/4 of state legislatures
what happens with the informal amendment process
changes in judicial interpretation
what is where a central government authorizes and empowers regional governments and happened under great britain
unitary system
what is where soveriegn regional governments that authorize and empower central governments and happened under articles of confederation
confederal system
what is where central and regional governments authorized independtly of each other and is what we are under the current constitution
federal system
what are powers that are expressly stated in the constitution
enumerated powers
what are powers that are reserved exclusively to the states (10th amendment)
reserved powers
what are powers provided to both national and state governments
concurrent powers
what is the requirement that states recognize official acts documents judicial proceedings of every other state
full faith and credit
what requires each state to apply their laws the same to residents and none residents
privileges and immunities
what is the requirement for a state to return a fleeing criminal upon request