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130 terms

7.3 Medieval China

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Tang Dynasty
Dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618-907 CE
reunification
the act of coming together again
Buddhism
a world religion founded by Siddhartha Guatama (Buddha) in India in the sixth century
agriculture
(n.) farming (It was a huge step in the progress of civilization when tribes left hunting and gathering and began to develop more sustainable methods of obtaining food, such as agriculture.)
Tang Dynasty
Dynasty often referred to as China's Golden age that reigned during 618-907 CE
Song Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279
commerce
exchange of goods; trade
porcelain
thin pottery,it was also an important item the Song used for trade.
gunpowder
a mixture of powders used in explosives and guns,it was developed early in Northern Song Dynasty.
compass
An instrument that uses earths magnetic field to indicate directions, it was one of the most useful achaivments of tang china.
inventions
a new tool, device, or process, created after scientific study and experimentation
The Grand Canal
The oldest and longest man-made canal. Built during the Sui Dynasty and still around today.
the paper trail
paper money was printed for the first time in china in the AD 900s and was used for about 700 years,through the ming dynasty.
tang dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 618 to 907
song dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279
great wall of china
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC
technological
of or relating to a practical subject that is organized according to scientific principles
commercial
connected with or engaged in or sponsored by or used in commerce or commercial enterprises
wheat
annual or biennial grass having erect flower spikes and light brown grains
rice
grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
empress wu
Only women emporer of china powerful and cruel along with talented and intellegent
Sung Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 960 to 1279
Mongol
Central Asian dynasty founded by Genghis Khan that ruled China in the 13th & 14th centuries
Confucianism
a Chinese philosophy that emphasizes proper behavior
Genghis Khan
Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)
Dynasty
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
Philosophy
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
Central Asia
five stan countries, between the Caspian Sea and China
Caspian Sea
a large saltwater lake between Iran and Russia fed by the Volga River
maritime
relating to or involving ships or shipping or navigation or seamen
expedition
an organized group of people undertaking a journey for a particular purpose
Mongol Ascendency
The Mongol Ascendancy refers to a time in Chinese history when the Mongols were able to successfully conquer and hold most of Asia, and extended their Empire nearly to Europe.
Ming Dynasty
A major dynasty that ruled China from the mid-fourteenth to the mid-seventeenth century. It was marked by a great expansion of Chinese commerce into East Africa, the Middle East, and Southeast Asia
Period of disunion
time of disorder after the collapse of the han dynasty (220-589)
Kublai Khan
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
Isolationism
a policy of nonparticipation in international economic and political relations
Consequences
a result of your actions and decisions
Great Wall of China
a fortification 1,500 miles long built across northern China in the 3rd century BC
Yuan Dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368
Function
the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
Confucianism
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
Bureacracy
a system of government that includes different job functions and levels of authority.
Scholar official
in Chinese history is a highly educated civil servant who entered goverment only after passing examinations
Civil service
A part of a bureaucracy that oversees the day-to-day buisness of running a government.
Neo-Confucianism
term that describes the resurgence of confusianism and the influence of confucian scholars during the Tang dynasty
Candidates
The choices of a political party to run for an elected office.
Philosophy
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
China
a government on the island of Taiwan established in 1949 by Chiang Kai-shek after the conquest of mainland China by the communists led by Mao Zedong
Mongols
People from the country of Mongolia that were greatly weakened by China in the mid-700's.
tea
a tropical evergreen shrub or small tree extensively cultivated in e.g. China and Japan and India
China contributions
tea, the manufacture of paper, wood-block printing, the compass, and gunpowder.
wood-block printing
a form of printing in which an entire pager is carved into a block of wood
compass
Helped exploration by figuring out the correct direction
gunpowder
a mixture of potassium nitrate, charcoal, and sulfur which is used in gunnery, time fuses, and fireworks
bureaucray
a system of departments and agencies formed to carry out the work of government
civil service
Service as a goverment official
scholar official
Educated member of the goverment, Educated member of the goverment
genghis khan
Mongolian Emperor whose empire stretched from the Black Sea to the Pacific Ocean (1162-1227)
kublai khan
Mongolian emperor of China and grandson of Genghis Khan who completed his grandfather's conquest of China
zheng he
led several voyages to plces around asia
isolationism
A policy of avoiding contact with other countries; a new Ming emperor caused China to enter a period of this in the 1430s
porcelain
ceramic ware made of a more or less translucent ceramic
empress wu
Only women emporer of china powerful and cruel along with talented and intellegent
period of disunion
time of disorder after the collapse of the han dynasty (220-589)
grand canal
an inland waterway 1000 miles long in eastern China
tibet
an Asian country under the control of China
afghanistan
a mountainous landlocked country in central Asia
invention
the act of inventing
buddhisms
the teaching of Buddha that life is permeated with suffering caused by desire, that suffering ceases when desire ceases, and that enlightenment obtained through right conduct and wisdom and meditation releases one from desire and suffering and rebirth
chinese
of or pertaining to China or its peoples or cultures
voyages
travels, journeys
Geographic
determined by geography
Political
involving or characteristic of politics or parties or politicians
economic
using the minimum of time or resources necessary for effectiveness
religious
a member of a religious order who is bound by vows of poverty and chastity and obedience
money
wealth reckoned in terms of money
cloth
artifact made by weaving or felting or knitting or crocheting natural or synthetic fibers
rice
grains used as food either unpolished or more often polished
agriculture
the federal department that administers programs that provide services to farmers (including research and soil conservation and efforts to stabilize the farming economy)
paper
a newspaper as a physical object
wood
the trees and other plants in a large densely wooded area
crops
Southern plantation owners used this instead of money
discovery
the act of discovering something
analyze
subject to psychoanalytic treatment
farmers
New inventions made work easier for farmers
invention
the act of inventing
historic
important in history
middle ages
the period of history between classical antiquity and the Italian Renaissance
indicate
indicate a place, direction, person, or thing
wheat
grains of common wheat
scholar-official class
Chinese system for getting beauricratic, govenment positions/jobs and raising in the ranks of politics.
imperial
relating to or associated with an empire
development
act of improving by expanding or enlarging or refining
buddah
(Gautama) "enlightened one"
principles
standards or rules
Han dynasty
imperial dynasty that ruled China (most of the time) from 206 BC to 221 and expanded its boundaries and developed its bureaucracy
Disunion
the termination or destruction of union
buddhism
a religion represented by the many groups (especially in Asia) that profess various forms of the Buddhist doctrine and that venerate Buddha
confucianism
the teachings of Confucius emphasizing love for humanity
government
the act of governing
function
the actions and activities assigned to or required or expected of a person or group
Tang dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 618 to 907
neo confucianism
Emphiszed spiritual matters and why good people did bad things
bureaucracy
nonelective government officials
civil service
government workers
incentive
a positive motivational influence
prominence
relative importance
irrigation
supplying dry land with water by means of ditches etc
maintaining
Making something continue in the same way
considerable
large or relatively large in number or amount or extent or degree
yuan dynasty
the imperial dynasty of China from 1279 to 1368
dynasty
a sequence of powerful leaders in the same family
improvement
the act of improving something
china
a communist nation that covers a vast territory in eastern Asia
agricultural
relating to rural matters
elaborate
make more complex, intricate, or richer
impoverished
poor enough to need help from others
granary
a storehouse for threshed grain or animal feed
minister
the job of a head of a government department
admonishings
expressing reproof or reproach especially as a corrective
veneration
religious zeal
Daoism
The key to happiness is accepting life as it is through this culture.
Qing Dynasty
the last imperial dynasty of China (from 1644 to 1912) which was overthrown by revolutionaries
Cultural Revolution
movement that emphasized class struggle; instituted in China by Mao Zeodong in 1966 to control rival groups within the Communist party.
Confucius
chinese philosphere and teacher; his belifs,known as confusoinism greatly influenced chinese life
Tang
any of various kelps especially of the genus Laminaria
Monastery
the residence of a religious community
Luoyang
a city in east central China
doctrine
a belief (or system of beliefs) accepted as authoritative by some group or school
sutras
Buddha's sermons and dialogues. Part of the Tripitaka.