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30 terms

Praxis #2 (0624) PLT: 7-12 " Instructional Process"

21 multiple-choice questions, 22.5% of Exam Planning Instruction, Instructional Strategies, Questioning Techniques, Communication Techniques
STUDY
PLAY
Critical Thinking
Is rationally deciding what to believe or what to do. When one rationally decides something, he or she evaluates information to see if it makes sense, whether it's coherent, and whether the argument is well founded on evidence.
Creative Thinking
New and original behavior that yields a productive and culturally appropriate result.
Cooperative Learning
Students work together to solve a problem or achieve a goal.

Ex: Think-Pair-Share, Jigsaw
Basic Concepts of Cognitivism
*Schema
*Information Processing
*Mapping
Basic Concepts of Social Learning Theory
*Modeling
*Reciprocal Determinism
*Vicarious Learning
Basic Concepts of Constructivism
*Learning as Experience
*Problem-Based Learning
*Zone of Proximal Development
*Scaffolding
*Inquiry/Discovery Learning
Basic Concepts of Behaviorism
*Conditioning
*Intrinsic and Extrinsic Rewards
*Reinforcement
*Punishment
Scope
The breadth and depth of content to be covered in a curriculum over a certain period of time, e.g. week, grading period, year, or K-12.
Sequence
The order in which content is delivered to learners over time.
Understand the Components of Thematic Units
*Selecting a Theme
*Designing integrated Learning Activities
*Selecting Resources
*Designing Assessments
Components of Interdisciplinary Units
*Collaborating
*Generating Applicable Topics
*Planning Instruction for each Discipline
*Designing Integrative Assessment
Identify a variety of instructional planning partners
*Special education teachers
*Library media specialists
*Teachers of the gifted and talented
*IEP team members
*Para educators
Cognitive processes associated with learning
Critical Thinking, Creative Thinking, Questioning, Inductive and Deductive Reasoning, Problem Solving, Planning, Memory, Recall
Instructional Models
*Direct
*Indirect
*Independent
*Experiential
*Interactive
Instructional Strategies Associated with Direct Instruction
*Explicit Teaching
*Drill and Practice
*Lecture
*Demonstrations
*Guides for Reading, Listening, Viewing
Instructional Strategies Associated with Indirect Instruction
*Problem Solving
*Inquiry
*Case Studies
*Concept Mapping
*Reading for Meaning
*Cloze Procedures
Instructional Strategies Associated with Independent Instruction
*Learning Contracts
*Research Projects
*Learning Centers
*Computer Mediated Instruction
*Distance Learning
Instructional Strategies Associated with Experiential and Virtual Instruction
*Field Trips
*Experiments
*Simulations
*Role Play
*Games
*Observations
Instructional Strategies Associated with Interactive Instruction
*Brainstorming
*Cooperative Learning Groups
*Interviews
*Discussions
*Peer Practice
*Debates
Identify Complex Cognitive Processes
*Concept Learning
*Problem Solving
*Metacognition
*Critical Thinking
*Transfer
Inductive Reasoning
Collecting data to draw a conclusion that may or may not be true.
Deductive Reasoning
Process of drawing a logical inference about something that must be true, given other information that has already been presented as true.
Collaboration
Joint communication and decision making among educational professionals to create an optimal learning environment for students and especially for students with disabilities. A philosophy about how to relate to others—how to learn and work.
Direct Instruction
An overarching method for teaching students that includes carefully planned lessons presented in small, attainable increments with clearly defined goals and objectives. Often includes lecture, demonstration, review of student performance, and student examination.
Cloze Procedures
...
Information Processing
A means used to learn and remember knowledge.
Reciprocal Teaching
A cooperative learning model used to improve reading, in which students play the teacher's role
Vicarious Reinforcement
Phenomenon in which a response increases in frequency when another person is observed being reinforced for that response.
Inquiry Teaching
An investigative process of learning in which students are asked to pose questions, analyze data, and develop conclusions or generalizations.
Discovery Learning
Teaching methods that enable students to discover information by themselves or in groups.