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23 terms

Praxis #2 (0624) PLT: 7-12 "Assessment"

14 multiple-choice questions, 15% of Exam
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Validity
A test is found to be valid if it measures what it was designed to measure.
Reliability
The extent to which an assessment is consistent with its measures.
Achievement
What one as learned from formal instruction, usually in school.
Aptitude
One's capability for performing a particular task or skill.
Ability
What one has learned over a period of time from both school and non-school sources; one's general capability for performing tasks.
Norm-Referenced
A test designed to indicate how an individual performs in comparison to others.

Ex: SATs, ACTs, Praxis
Criterion-Referenced
A test designed to indicate how an individual performs in comparison to a pre-established criterion.
Raw Score
The number of items correct or the total score a student obtained on an assessment.
Scaled Score
Weighted score used when sub scores hold different weights when making up total score.

Ex: Individual assignments have different scaled scores to make final grade
Percentile Rank
Test score indicating the percentage of people in the norm group getting a raw score less than or equal to a particular student's raw score.
Standard Deviation
Statistic that reflects how close together or far apart a set of scores is and thereby indicates the variability of the scores.
Grade-Equivalent Scores
Test score indicating the grade level of students to whom a test taker performed most similarly.
Age-Equivalent Scores
Test score indicating the age level of students to whom a test taker performed most similarly.
Informal Assessment
Assessment that results from a teacher's spontaneous, day-to-day observations of how students behave and perform in class.
Formal Assessment
Preplanned, systematic attempt to ascertain what students have learned.
Formative Assessment
The process of collecting, synthesizing, and interpreting information for the purpose of improving student learning while instruction is taking place:

-Assessment for improvement, not grading-
Summative Assessment
The process of collecting, synthesizing, and interpreting information for the purpose of improving student learning and assigning grades:

-Assessments made at the end of instruction or teaching-
Diagnostic Assessment
Highly specialized, comprehensive and detailed procedures used to uncover persistent or recurring learning difficulties that require specially prepared diagnostic tests as well as various observational techniques.
Holistic Scoring
Essay scoring method in which a single score is given to represent the overall quality of the essay across all dimensions.
Analytical Scoring
Essay scoring method in which separate scores are given for specific aspects of the essay

Ex: organization, factual accuracy, and spelling
Stanines
Standard score with a mean of 5 and a standard deviation of 2; it is always reported as a whole number.
Anecdotal Notes
Narrative accounts of observed student behavior or performance.
Performance Assessments
Assessment in which students demonstrate their knowledge and skills in a nonwritten fashion.